or Council of
was a 1755 meeting of Major-General Edward Braddock
of the British Army
in North America
and governors of five of the
constituent colonies. These were Robert
, Robert Hunter Morris
, William Shirley
and James DeLancey
of New York
meeting was held on 15 April 1755 at Carlyle
House in Alexandria, Virginia, home of one of that city's prominent
The Carlyle House in 1752
The meeting was an attempt by Braddock to raise funds for a war
fund to fight the French in the coming French and Indian War
. The governors rebuffed
the request demanding prior funding from the Parliament of
the United Kingdom.
The Congress did, however, agree on a war
plan for a four-pronged attack against New
Sir William Johnson
of New York, who was also present at the meeting, was appointed
Superintendent of Indian Affairs and commissioned a major-general.
He was tasked with meeting with the Iroquois Confederacy
to keep them
neutral in the war.
General Edward Braddock
The Congress of Alexandria is sometimes noted as the beginning of
intercolony dialogue and of the political tension between the
colonies and Britain over issues of taxation. Ten years before the
Stamp Act of 1765
, Braddock wrote
from Carlyle House to Thomas Robinson
British official that "I cannot but take the liberty to represent
to you the necessity of laying a tax upon all his Majesty's
dominions in America, agreeably to the result of Council, for
reimbursing the great sums that must be advanced for the service
and interest of the colonies in this important crisis."
The meeting is reenacted
every year at the Carlyle House.
- Richard Henry Spencer. The Carlyle House and its Associations--Braddock's
Headquarters--Here the Colonial Governors met in Council, April,
1755." William and Mary College Quarterly Historical
Magazine. Vol.18, No.1. (July 1909). p. 9.