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The Copa América (Spanish and Portuguese for "America Cup") is the main football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONMEBOL, the South American football confederation.The participating nations are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. Two invited teams from other confederations complete the twelve team tournament: Mexico has been a regular since they were invited for the first time in 1993. There is no qualification stage: all ten CONMEBOL teams compete by right, and others by invitation. The highest finishing member of CONMEBOL has the right to participate in the next edition of the FIFA Confederations Cup, but is not obliged to do so.[33879]

Historical overview

It was held for the first time between July 2 and July 17, 1916 and won by Uruguay, as part of the commemorations of Argentinamarker's independence centenary. CONMEBOL was founded during this event, on July 9 (Argentinamarker's independence day). It was normally held every two years (though the intervals sometimes changed) until 2007, when CONMEBOL decided that the tournament would henceforth be held every four years, although provision was made for extraordinary stagings of the tournament if the ten national football federations wish it.

The tournament was previously known as sup Campeonato Sudamericano de Selecciones (South American Championship of National Teams). South American Championship of Nations was the official English language name. The current name has been used since 1975. Between 1975 and 1983 it had no host nation, and was held in a home and away fashion. In 1984, CONMEBOL adopted the policy of rotating the right to host the Copa América amongst the ten member confederations. The first rotation has now been completed following the Copa América 2007 which took place in Venezuela. A second rotation has been agreed to begin in 2011, with host countries rotating in alphabetical order, starting with Argentina.

Since 1993, two teams from other confederations, usually from CONCACAF whose members are geographically and culturally close, are also invited. Nations receiving invitations are Costa Rica (1997, 2001, 2004), Honduras (2001), Japan (1999), Mexico (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2007), and the United States (1993, 1995, 2007). The United States has been invited every time since 1997 but frequently turned down the invitation due to scheduling conflicts with Major League Soccer. However, on October 30, 2006, the US Soccer Federation accepted the invitation for participation in the 2007 tournament, ending a 12 year absence. At Copa América 2001, Canada was an invitee, but on July 6, 2001 withdrew because of security concerns.

Tournament results

South American Championship
Year Host Final Group Rank
Winner Runner-up 3rd Place 4th Place
1916

Details

(3)
1917

Details
1919

Details
1920

Details
1921

Details
1922

Details
1923

Details
1924

Details
1925

Details

(1)
n/a
1926

Details
1927

Details
1929

Details
1935

Details

(4)
1937

Details
1939

Details
1941

Details

(4)
1942

Details
1945

Details

(4)
1946

Details

(4)
1947

Details
1949

Details
1953

Details
1955

Details
1956

Details

(4)
1957

Details
1959

Details
1959

Details

(4)
1963

Details
1967

Details
Copa América
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1975

Details
Play-off Final 0 – 1 / 2 – 0

Play-off 1 – 0


n/a(2)
1979

Details
No fixed venue 3 – 0 / 0 – 1

Play-off

0 – 0 a.e.t.


n/a(2)
1983

Details
No fixed venue 2 – 0 / 1 – 1

n/a(2)
1987

Details
1 – 0 2 – 1
1989

Details
1 – 0 0 – 0
1991

Details
3 – 2 1 – 1
1993

Details
2 – 1 1 – 0
1995

Details
1 – 1

5–3 pens
4 – 1
1997

Details
3 – 1 1 – 0
1999

Details
3 – 0 2 – 1
2001

Details
1 – 0 2 – 2

5–4 pens
2004

Details
2 – 2

4–2 pens
2 – 1
2007

Details
3 – 0 3 – 1


(invited teams in italics)
1 Only three teams entered the tournament.
2 No third place match was played; third place was shared.
3 There was no trophy being competed for in the 1916 tournament.
It was competed for the first time in the 1917 tournament.
4 The tournament was an extra edition, with no trophy handed to the winners, but considered official by CONMEBOL.




Distribution of championships won

Champions Nation Year(s)
14 times 1916, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1935, 1942, 1956, 1959, 1967, 1983, 1987, 1995
14 times 1921, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1937, 1941, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1991, 1993
8 times 1919, 1922, 1949, 1989, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007
2 times 1953, 1979
2 times 1939, 1975
1 time 2001
1 time 1963


Tournament appearances

Appearances Nation
40
38
35
33
32
28
24
23
18
14
7
3
1


General Stats

Team P W D L F A Dif
1 173 111 31 31 422 166 +256
2 184 103 30 51 384 208 +176
3 167 95 30 42 387 190 +197
4 153 61 30 62 241 270 −29
5 161 54 26 81 247 291 −44
6 132 46 31 55 193 220 −27
7 99 36 20 43 120 175 −55
8 102 19 24 59 97 257 −160
9 38 17 10 11 55 44 +11
10 108 14 19 75 114 296 −182
11 49 2 9 38 34 155 −121
12 11 3 2 6 12 21 −9
13 6 3 1 2 7 5 +2
14 12 2 2 8 11 21 −10
15 3 0 1 2 3 8 −5


Distribution of hosts

Hosts Nation Year(s)
9 times 1916, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1959, 1987, 2011
7 times 1917, 1923, 1924, 1942, 1956, 1967, 1995
6 times 1920, 1926, 1941, 1945, 1955, 1991
6 times 1927, 1935, 1939, 1953, 1957, 2004
4 times 1919, 1922, 1949, 1989
3 times 1947, 1959, 1993
2 times 1963, 1997
1 time 2001
1 time 1999
1 time 2007 (Venezuela was also the host of the 1975 Play-Off Final)
3 times No Host 1975, 1979, 1983


Topscorers



Overall top scorers

17 Goals


15 Goals


13 Goals


12 Goals


11 Goals


10 Goals


See also



References

  1. System and fixture for the 2010 Preliminary Competition are approved
  2. Copa America: a new cycle begins and the revolving calendar remains


External links




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