The Full Wiki

Copa Libertadores: Map

  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The Copa Libertadores de América, officially the Copa Santander Libertadores de América for sponsorship reasons, is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960. It is the most prestigious club competition in South American football. Despite being a South American competition, Mexican teams have been invited since 1998. The name of the tournament is an homage to the Libertadores (Portuguese and Spanish for Liberators), the main leaders of the independence wars of Latin America.

The competition has had several different formats since its inception. Initially, only the champions of South America participated. In 1966, the runner-ups of South American began to compete and today at least three clubs per country compete in the tournament while Argentina and Brazil each have five clubs qualify. Traditionally, a group stage has always been used but the amount of teams per group has varied several times.

The tournament consists of six stages. In the present format, it begins in early-February with one knockout qualifying round known as the first stage. The 6 surviving teams join 26 teams in the second stage, in which there are eight groups consisting of four teams each. The eight group winners and eight runners-up enter the final four stages, better known as the knockout stages, which ends with the finals in June or July.

The current champion is Argentinemarker club Estudiantes de La Plata, while Argentine club Independiente is the most successful club in the cup history, having won the tournament seven times. The cup has been won by 22 different clubs and won consecutively by six clubs, the last to have been Boca Juniors in 2001.

History

Copa Toyota Libertadores Logo 1998-2007


Twelve years before the first official Copa Libertadores, an international club competition was set up containing representatives (often the league champion) from seven different South American countries. This was the South American Club Championship 1948, played in a league format in Santiagomarker, Chilemarker, and won by Vasco da Gama. It has been recognised as the precursor to the Copa Libertadores by CONMEBOL.

The first official Copa Libertadores was finally held in 1960 and won by Pe√Īarol of Uruguaymarker. As of 2008, 22 different teams have won the cup, within which, the Argentinianmarker side Independiente, seven time champion, including four consecutive titles between 1972 and 1975, are currently the most successful club in the cup history. Another Argentine side Estudiantes de La Plata became the first club to win the Cup for three consecutive years between 1968 and 1970. Since then, only Independiente has achieved this feat, winning four titles between 1972 and 1975. Estudiantes and Independiente are also the teams that played the most consecutive finals, four.

Over the years the competition has kept alive a healthy sporting rivalry between the competing countries, especially between Brazil and Argentina, Argentina and Uruguay, Uruguay and Brazil, Colombia and Argentina, Peru and Chile. Episodes of violence are not rare and the pressure on the players on the field is tremendous.

From 1998 to 2007, the Copa Libertadores was sponsored by Toyota Motor Corporation, which is why the name during this period was Copa Toyota Libertadores.

Format

Qualifying



As of 2009, most teams qualify to the Copa Libertadores by winning half-year tournaments called Apertura and Clausura tournaments or by finishing among the top teams in their championship. The countries that use this format are Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay and Venezuela. Peru and Ecuador have developed new formats for qualification to the Copa Libertadores involving several stages. Brazil is the only South American league to use a European league format instead of the Apertura and Clausura format. However, one berth for the Copa Libertadores can be won by winning the league cup in Brazil. Uruguay and Mexico also employ a second tournament that qualifies for the Libertadores ("Liguilla Pre-Libertadores" since 1974 and InterLiga since 2004 respectively).

The 2009 edition has the competitors distributed as follows:



Stages

The Cup has a qualifying round known as the first stage in which a number of clubs, currently 12, are paired in a series of two-legged knockout ties. The six survivors join 26 clubs in the second stage, in which they are divided into groups of four. The groups play in a league system, with each team playing home and away games against each team in their group. The top two teams from each group are then drawn into the knockout stage, which consists of two-legged knockout ties. From that point, the competition proceeds with two-legged knockout ties to quarterfinals, semifinals, and the finals. Between 1960 and 1987 the previous winners did not enter the competition until the semi-final stage (which was 2 groups of 3 teams each one), making it much easier to retain the cup.

Rules

Note that unlike European club competitions, the Copa Libertadores historically did not use extra time or away goals to decide a tie that was level on aggregate. From 1960 to 1987, two-legged ties were decided on points (teams would be awarded 2 points for a win, 1 point for a draw and 0 points for a loss), without taking goal difference into consideration. If both teams were level on points after two legs, a third match would be played at a neutral site. Goal difference would only come into play if the third match was drawn. If the third match did not produce an immediate winner a penalty shootout was used to determine a winner.

From 1988 through 2004, ties were decided on aggregate goals, with an immediate penalty shootout if the tie was level on aggregate after full time of the second leg. Starting with the 2005 event, CONMEBOL began to use the away goals rule. The exception is in the finals, where the away goals rule is not used and extra time is played if the tie is level.

Tournament results

Season Winner Score Runner-up
1960

Details
Pe√Īarol 1 - 0 (H) / 1 - 1 (A)

Points: 3 - 1
Olimpia
1961

Details
Pe√Īarol 1 - 0 (H) / 1 - 1 (A)

Points: 3 - 1
Palmeiras
1962

Details
Santos 2 - 1 (A) / 2 - 3 (H)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 3 - 0 (N)
Pe√Īarol
1963

Details
Santos 3 - 2 (H) / 2 - 1 (A)

Points: 4 - 0
Boca Juniors
1964

Details
Independiente 0 - 0 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Nacional
1965

Details
Independiente 1 - 0 (H) / 1 - 3 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 4 - 1 (N)
Pe√Īarol
1966

Details
Pe√Īarol 2 - 0 (H) / 2 - 3 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 4 - 2 (N) a.e.t.
River Plate
1967

Details
Racing Clubmarker 0 - 0 (H) / 0 - 0 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 1 (N)
Nacional
1968

Details
Estudiantes L.P. 2 - 1 (H) / 1 - 3 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 0 (N)
Palmeiras
1969

Details
Estudiantes L.P. 1 - 0 (A) / 2 - 0 (H)

Points: 4 - 0
Nacional
1970

Details
Estudiantes L.P. 1 - 0 (H) / 0 - 0 (A)

Points: 3 - 1
Pe√Īarol
1971

Details
Nacional 0 - 1 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 0 (N)
Estudiantes L.P.
1972

Details
Independiente 0 - 0 (A) / 2 - 1 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Universitario
1973

Details
Independiente 1 - 1 (H) / 0 - 0 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 1 (N) a.e.t.
Colo-Colo
1974

Details
Independiente 1 - 2 (A) / 2 - 0 (H)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 1 - 0 (N)
S√£o Paulo
1975

Details
Independiente 0 - 1 (A) / 3 - 1 (H)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 0 (N)
Uni√≥n Espa√Īola
1976

Details
Cruzeiromarker 4 - 1 (H) / 1 - 2 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 3 - 2 (N)
River Plate
1977

Details
Boca Juniors 1 - 0 (H) / 0 - 1 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 0 - 0 (N) a.e.t. (5-4 p.k.)
Cruzeiromarker
1978

Details
Boca Juniors 0 - 0 (A) / 4 - 0 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Deportivo Cali
1979

Details
Olimpia 2 - 0 (H) / 0 - 0 (A)

Points: 3 - 1
Boca Juniors
1980

Details
Nacional 0 - 0 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Internacional
1981

Details
Flamengo 2 - 1 (H) / 0 - 1 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 2 - 0 (N)
Cobreloa
1982

Details
Pe√Īarol 0 - 0 (H) / 1 - 0 (A)

Points: 3 - 1
Cobreloa
1983

Details
Grêmio 1 - 1 (A) / 2 - 1 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Pe√Īarol
1984

Details
Independiente 1 - 0 (A) / 0 - 0 (H)

Points: 3 - 1
Grêmio
1985

Details
Argentinos Juniorsmarker 1 - 0 (H) / 0 - 1 (A)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 1 - 1 (N) a.e.t. (5-4 p.k.)
América de Cali
1986

Details
River Plate 2 - 1 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Points: 4 - 0
América de Cali
1987

Details
Pe√Īarol 0 - 2 (A) / 2 - 1 (H)

Points: 2 - 2

Play-off: 1 - 0 (N) a.e.t.
América de Cali
1988

Details
Nacional 0 - 1 (A) / 3 - 0 a.e.t. (H)

Aggregate: 3-1
Newell's Old Boys
1989

Details
Atlético Nacional 0 - 2 (A) / 2 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 2 - 2 (5-4 p.k.)
Olimpia
1990

Details
Olimpia 2 - 0 (H) / 1 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 3 - 1
Barcelona
1991

Details
Colo-Colo 0 - 0 (A) / 3 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 3 - 0
Olimpia
1992

Details
S√£o Paulo 0 - 1 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 1 - 1 (3-2 p.k.)
Newell's Old Boys
1993

Details
S√£o Paulo 5 - 1 (H) / 0 - 2 (A)

Aggregate: 5 - 3
Universidad Católica
1994

Details
Vélez Sársfield 1 - 0 (H) / 0 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 1 - 1 (5-3 p.k.)
S√£o Paulo
1995

Details
Grêmio 3 - 1 (H) / 1 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 4 - 2
Atlético Nacional
1996

Details
River Plate 0 - 1 (A) / 2 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 2 - 1
América de Cali
1997

Details
Cruzeiromarker 0 - 0 (A) / 1 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 1 - 0
Sporting Cristal
1998

Details
Vasco da Gama 2 - 0 (H) / 2 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 4 - 1
Barcelona
1999

Details
Palmeiras 0 - 1 (A) / 2 - 1 (H)

Aggregate: 2 - 2 (4-3 p.k.)
Deportivo Cali
2000

Details
Boca Juniors 2 - 2 (H) / 0 - 0 (A)

Aggregate: 2 - 2 (4-2 p.k.)
Palmeiras
2001

Details
Boca Juniors 1 - 0 (A) / 0 - 1 (H)

Aggregate: 1 - 1 (3-1 p.k.)
Cruz Azul
2002

Details
Olimpia 0 - 1 (H) / 2 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 2 - 2 (4-2 p.k.)
S√£o Caetano
2003

Details
Boca Juniors 2 - 0 (H) / 3 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 5 - 1
Santos
2004

Details
Once Caldas 0 - 0 (A) / 1 - 1 (H)

Aggregate: 1 - 1 (2-0 p.k.)
Boca Juniors
2005

Details
S√£o Paulo 1 - 1 (A) / 4 - 0 (H)

Aggregate: 5 - 1
Atlético Paranaense
2006

Details
Internacional 2 - 1 (A) / 2 - 2 (H)

Aggregate: 4 - 3
S√£o Paulo
2007

Details
Boca Juniors 3 - 0 (H) / 2 - 0 (A)

Aggregate: 5 - 0
Grêmio
2008

Details
LDU Quito 4 - 2 (H) / 1 - 3 a.e.t. (A)

Aggregate: 5 - 5 (3-1 p.k.)
Fluminense
2009

Details
Estudiantes L.P. 0 - 0 (H) / 2 - 1 (A)

Aggregate: 2 - 1
Cruzeiromarker


  • Key:
    • (H) - Home match for the winner.
    • (A) - Away match for the winner.
    • (N) - Match at neutral venue.
    • a.e.t. - Match decided after extra time.
    • p.k. - Match decided by penalty kicks.


Statistics

By club

Team Winner Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
Independiente 7 0 1964, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1984
Boca Juniors 6 3 1977, 1978, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007 1963, 1979, 2004
Pe√Īarol 5 4 1960, 1961, 1966, 1982, 1987 1962, 1965, 1970, 1983
Estudiantes de La Plata 4 1 1968, 1969, 1970, 2009 1971
S√£o Paulo 3 3 1992, 1993, 2005 1974, 1994, 2006
Nacional 3 3 1971, 1980, 1988 1964, 1967, 1969
Olimpia 3 3 1979, 1990, 2002 1960, 1989, 1991
Grêmio 2 2 1983, 1995 1984, 2007
River Plate 2 2 1986, 1996 1966, 1976
Cruzeiromarker 2 2 1976, 1997 1977, 2009
Santos 2 1 1962, 1963 2003
Palmeiras 1 3 1999 1961, 1968, 2000
Atlético Nacional 1 1 1989 1995
Colo-Colo 1 1 1991 1973
Internacional 1 1 2006 1980
Racing Clubmarker 1 0 1967
Flamengo 1 0 1981
Argentinos Juniorsmarker 1 0 1985
Vélez Sársfield 1 0 1994
Vasco da Gama 1 0 1998
Once Caldas 1 0 2004
LDU Quito 1 0 2008
América de Cali 0 4 1985, 1986, 1987, 1996
Deportivo Cali 0 2 1978, 1999
Cobreloa 0 2 1981, 1982
Newell's Old Boys 0 2 1988, 1992
Barcelona 0 2 1990, 1998
Universitario 0 1 1972
Uni√≥n Espa√Īola 0 1 1975
Universidad Católica 0 1 1993
Sporting Cristal 0 1 1997
Cruz Azul 0 1 2001
S√£o Caetano 0 1 2002
Atlético Paranaense 0 1 2005
Fluminense 0 1 2008


By country

Country Winners Runners-Up Winning Clubs Runners-Up
22 8 Independiente (7), Boca Juniors (6), Estudiantes L.P. (4), River Plate (2), Racing Clubmarker (1), Argentinos Juniorsmarker (1), Vélez Sársfield (1) Boca Juniors (3), River Plate (2), Newell's Old Boys (2), Estudiantes L.P. (1)
13 15 São Paulo (3), Grêmio (2), Cruzeiromarker (2), Santos (2), Palmeiras (1), Internacional (1), Flamengo (1), Vasco de Gama (1) São Paulo (3), Palmeiras (3), Grêmio (2), Cruzeiromarker (2), Internacional (1), Santos (1), São Caetano (1), Atlético Paranaense (1), Fluminense (1)
8 7 Pe√Īarol (5), Nacional (3) Pe√Īarol (4), Nacional (3)
3 3 Olimpia (3) Olimpia (3)
2 7 Atlético Nacional (1), Once Caldas (1) América de Cali (4), Deportivo Cali, (2), Atlético Nacional (1)
1 5 Colo-Colo (1) Cobreloa (2), Colo-Colo (1), Uni√≥n Espa√Īola (1), Universidad Cat√≥lica (1)
1 2 LDU Quito (1) Barcelona (2)
0 2 Universitario (1), Sporting Cristal (1)
0 1 Cruz Azul (1)


Topscorers

The competition's all-time top goalscorer is still striker Alberto Spencer of Ecuadormarker. He played as a striker for Pe√Īarol during their golden age in the 60s, scoring 48 goals in 70 games, and for Barcelona of Guayaquil, scoring 6 goals in 7 games. In total, he scored 54 goals in the Copa Libertadores. Despite this, he remains a relatively unknown figure outside of South America, thus providing an excellent contrast to George Best, who despite his abilities was relatively little-known outside of the United Kingdommarker.

Rank Footballer Nationality Years Club(s) Goals
1 Alberto Spencer 1960-70
1971-72
Pe√Īarol (48)
Barcelona (6)
54
2 Fernando Morena 1973-86 Pe√Īarol 37
3 Pedro Virgilio Rocha 1963-70
1972-74
1979

Pe√Īarol (25)
S√£o Paulo (10)
Palmeiras (1)

36
4 Daniel Onega 1966-70 River Plate 31
5 Julio Morales 1966-81 Nacional 30


Media coverage



See also



External links




Embed code:






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message