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The Copa México was a Mexicanmarker football cup competition that existed from 1907 to 1997. It consisted of both professional and amateur stages. It was the first official tournament that included teams from different parts of Mexico, and it was an important and prestigious tournament, especially during its earlier years of existence.

The original purpose of the competition was to determine a national champion, thus distinguishing it from the local league championship. Its format was different from the local leagues as well, as it employed direct elimination and culminated in a final that received much more fanfare than the local leagues. However, the goals of the Copa México were never realized due to a number of factors, including the distances and costs of travel, the timing of the tournament, and the enmity between regional leagues.

Despite early optimism about the Copa México, it lost its prestige over the years as it endured constant changes in format and even being placed on hiatus by the Mexican Football Association, which occurred twice (the first between 1976 and 1988 and the second between 1992 and 1994). After the 1997 edition of the tournament, it was ended permanently.

History

Copa Tower (1907-1919)

The Copa México began in 1907 with the donation of the trophy by Reginald Tower, who was at the time the Englishmarker ambassador to Mexicomarker. For this reason, it was originally called the Copa Tower. At first, the tournament only included clubs from Mexico Citymarker and the surrounding areas. Pachuca won the inaugural tournament, in 1908, by defeating Reforma AC in the final. In 1919, Real España won the cup for the third year straight and were allowed to keep the trophy permanently. In all, the Copa Tower was contested 11 times, with Real España winning it four times in all, the best performance of the period.

Copa Eliminatoria (1919-1932)

In 1920, the tournament took place for the first time with a new trophy, the Copa Eliminatoria. It was contested six times between the years 1920 and 1926. Asturias F.C. won it three times during this period (consecutively from 1922-1924), the highest total of any team during this period.

Copa México (1932-1997)

Amateur Period (1932-1943)

After the foundation of the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol in 1927, a new trophy, named the Copa México, was donated in 1932. Following a six-year hiatus, the cup was contested again during the 1932-33 season. This time, the competition also received official support of President Lázaro Cárdenas. The first Copa México was won by Necaxa in a tournament of historical importance due to the adoption of new rules. This marked the beginning of an 11-year period that is referred to in retrospect as the Amateur Period. Once again, Asturias F.C. dominated the championship, winning it a record 5 times during this period.

Professional Period (1943-1997)

In 1943 the Professional Period of the Copa México began, a period that would last until the competition's termination in 1997. At first, it was played among teams from the Liga Mayor, the present-day Primera Division de Mexico. In 1950, it was enlarged to also include the teams of the Segunda División de México. However, it was not held during the 1956-57, 1963-64, 1994-95, or 1995-96 seasons.

Year-by-year results

Copa Tower (1907-1919)

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1907-08 Pachuca AC
4-0
Reforma AC
1908-09 Reforma AC
3-2
México FC
1909-10 Reforma AC
3-1
Asturias
1910-11 British Club
2-1
España
1911-12 Pachuca AC
4-0
Reforma AC
1912-13 Was not played
1913-14 México FC
3-0
Asturias
1914-15 Club España
4-2
Asturias
1915-16 Rovers FC
3-1
Club España
1916-17 Club España
5-1
México FC
1917-18 Club España
3-1
Pachuca AC
1918-19 Club España
3-0
Asturias


Copa Eliminatoria (1919-1932)

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1919-20 Was not played
1920-21 México FC
4-2
Pachuca
1921-22 Asturias
4-1
España
1922-23 Asturias
3-0
España
1923-24 Asturias
5-3
Reforma AC
1924-25 Necaxa
3-2
Asturias
1925-26 Necaxa
4-2
España
1926-32 Was not played


Copa México (1932-1997)

Amateur Period (1932-1943)

Year Champion Score Runner-up
1932-33 Necaxa
3-1
Germania
1933-34 Asturias
4-1
América
1934-35 Was not played
1935-36 Necaxa
2-1
Asturias
1936-37 Asturias
5-3
América
1937-38 América
3-1
España
1938-39 Asturias
4-3
España
1939-40 Asturias
1-0
Necaxa
1940-41 Asturias
4-2
Necaxa
1941-42 Atlante
3-0
Asturias
1942-43 Moctezuma
3-1
América


Professional Period (1943-1997)

Year Champion Score Runner-up Manager
1943-44 España
6-2
Atlante Rodolfo Muñoz
1944-45 Puebla
6-4
América Eduardo Morilla
1945-46 Atlas
5-4
Atlante Eduardo Valdatti
1946-47 Moctezuma
4-3
CD Oro Julio Kaiser
1947-48 Veracruz
3-1
Guadalajara Joaquin Urquiaga
1948-49 León
3-0
Atlante Jose Maria Casullo
1949-50 Atlas
3-1
Veracruz Eduardo Valdatti
1950-51 Atlante
1-0
Guadalajara Octavio Vial
1951-52 Atlante
2-0
Puebla Gregorio Blasco
1952-53 Puebla
4-1
León Isidro Langara
1953-54 América
1-1
(3-2)1
Guadalajara Octavio Vial
1954-55 América
1-0
Guadalajara Octavio Vial
1955-56 Toluca
2-1
Irapuato Fernando Marcos
1956-57 Zacatepec
2-1
León Ignacio Trelles
1957-58 León
5-2
Zacatepec Antonio López Herranz
1958-59 Zacatepec
2-1
León Ignacio Trelles
1959-60 Necaxa
2-2
(10-9)1
Tampico Donald Ross
1960-61 Tampico
1-0
Toluca Nicolas Palma
1961-62 Atlas
3-3
1-0
Tampico Jose Carlos Bauer
1962-63 Guadalajara
2-1
Atlante Javier De la Torre
1963-64 América
1-1
(5-4)1
Monterrey Alejandro Scopelli
1964-65 América
4-0
Morelia Alejandro Scopelli
1965-66 Necaxa
3-3
1-0
León Miguel Marin*
1966-67 León
2-1
Guadalajara Luis Grill
1967-68 Atlas
2-1
Veracruz Javier Novello
1968-69 Cruz Azul
2-1
Monterrey Raúl Cardenas
1969-70 Guadalajara
3-2
2-1
Torreón Javier De la Torre
1970-71 León
0-0
(10-9)1
Zacatepec Antonio Carbajal
1971-72 León
Group2
Puebla Antonio Carbajal
1973-74 América
2-1
1-1
Cruz Azul Jose Antonio Roca
1974-75 U.N.A.M.
Group2
U. de Guadalajara Arpad Fekete
1975-76 U.A.N.L.
2-0
1-2
América Claudio Lostanau
1987-88 Puebla
0-0
1-13
Cruz Azul Hugo Fernandez
1988-89 Toluca
2-0
1-1
U. de Guadalajara Hector Sanabria
1989-90 Puebla F.C.
4-1
0-2
U.A.N.L. Manuel Lapuente
1990-91 U de Guadalajara
1-0
0-0
América Alberto Guerra
1991-92 Monterrey
4-2
Ciudad Juárez Miguel Mejia Baron
1994-95 Necaxa
2-0
Veracruz Manuel Lapuente
1995-96 U.A.N.L.
1-1
1-0
Atlas Victor Manuel Vucetich
1996-97 Cruz Azul
2-0
Toros Neza Victor Manuel Vucetich
1: On penalties
2: Group Round (In 1971-72 the 4 teams were León, Puebla, Guadalajara, and Cruz Azul)
3: On away goals



Champions

Amateur Era Champions

CLUB CHAMPION
Asturias 8
RC España 4
Necaxa 4
Pachuca 2
Reforma AC 2
México FC 2
British FC 1
Rovers FC 1
Club América 1
CF Atlante 1
Moctezuma 1


Professional Era Champions and Runners-up

CLUB CHAMPION RUNNER-UP
León 5 4
Club América 5 3
Puebla FC 4 2
Atlas 4 1
Necaxa 3 0
Guadalajara 2 5
Atlante 2 4
Zacatepec 2 2
Cruz Azul 2 2
Toluca 2 1
Tigres U.A.N.L. 2 1
Veracruz 1 3
Tampico Madero 1 2
U. de Guadalajara 1 2
Monterrey 1 2
RC España 1 0
Moctezuma 1 0
Pumas U.N.A.M. 1 0
CD Oro 0 1
CD Irapuato 0 1
Morelia 0 1
Torreón 0 1
Cobras Ciudad Juárez 0 1
Toros Neza 0 1


References


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