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The Copa del Rey is an annual cup competition for Spanish football teams. Its full name is Campeonato de España - Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Don Juan Carlos I (Championship of Spain – His Majesty King Juan Carlos I's Cup), referring to the current King of Spain, Juan Carlos I of Spain; it has been known by various names over the years.

First played in 1902, FC Barcelona have won the most titles, with 25 wins.

History

The competition was first played in 1902 after Carlos Padrós, later president of Madrid FC, suggested a football competition to celebrate the coronation of Alfonso XIII. Four other teams joined Madrid FC for the first competition: FC Barcelona, Club Espanyol de Foot-Ball, Club Vizcaya and New Foot-Ball de Madrid. The competition featured the first recorded game between FC Barcelona and Madrid FC, with the latter emerging 2-3 winners. Real Madrid eventually beat Club Vizcaya in the final.

It has been Spain's football “National Championship″ since 1903, before the foundation of the “Campeonato de Liga″—League Championship—in 1928.

It was initially known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Madrid City Council's Cup). Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII (His Majesty King Alfonso XIII's Cup). During the Second Spanish Republic it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la República (President of the Republic Cup) or Copa de España (Spanish Cup) for short and during the years of the Franco dictatorship it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El Generalísimo or Copa del Generalísimo ((His Excellency) The Supreme General's Cup). Teams from upper and lower divisions will get to play against each other but the number of clubs allowed to participate is restricted.

Controversies

The 1902 competition was won by Club Vizcaya, a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC. In 1903, these two clubs merged as Athletic Club Bilbao, the modern Athletic Bilbao. As a result, the tally of Copa wins by Athletic Bilbao is disputed. The 1902 cup is on display in the Athletic museum, and the club includes the victory in its honours list. However LFP and RFEF official statistics do not include this as an Athletic win.

Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Club Español de Madrid failed to show up. In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Unión Española de Clubs de Fútbol and the Federación Española de Fútbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War clubs in the Republican area of Spainmarker entered the Copa de la España Libre, with Levante FC beating their city rivals Valencia CF 1-0 in the final. Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante FC, the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet.

Statistics

Because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition (see above), the statistics regarding the leading winners are also disputed. FC Barcelona have won the Copa 25 times; Athletic Bilbao are just behind, with either 24 or 23 titles, depending on the source.

Throughout the history of the competition there have been 12 actual trophies. Trophies have been permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition three times in a row and/or on five separate occasions. Thus, four trophies have been permanently awarded to FC Barcelona, three to Athletic Bilbao and one to Real Madrid.



Club Vizcaya kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del Generalísimo in 1939 and Atlético Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Franco. The remaining trophy is the one in current usage.

Format

Before the formation of the first La Liga in 1928, the competition was effectively a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Unlike the English FA Cup, entry is limited. Only teams from the Primera Division, Segunda A, about twenty-three teams from the Segunda B and the Tercera Division champions (or runners-up if the champion is a reserve team) are invited to enter. The early rounds are one-off games with teams from the lower divisions given home advantage. The round of 32, the round of 16, the quarter finals and semi-finals are played over two legs. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue. The winners qualify for both the Supercopa de España and the UEFA Europa League the following season.

Performance by club

Winners

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
Barcelona 25 9 1910, 1912, 1913, 1920, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1928, 1942, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1957, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1981, 1983, 1988, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2009
Athletic Bilbao 23 13 1903, 1904, 1910, 1911, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1921, 1923, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1969, 1973, 1984
Real Madrid 17 19 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1917, 1934, 1936, 1946, 1947, 1962, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1982, 1989, 1993
Atlético Madrid 9 8 1960, 1961, 1965, 1972, 1976, 1985, 1991, 1992, 1996
Valencia CF 7 10 1941, 1949, 1954, 1967, 1979, 1999, 2008
Real Zaragoza 6 5 1964, 1966, 1986, 1994, 2001, 2004
RCD Espanyol 4 5 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Sevilla FC 4 2 1935, 1939, 1948, 2007
Real Unión 4 1 1913, 1918, 1924, 1927
Real Sociedad 2 5 1909, 1987
Real Betis 2 2 1977, 2005
Deportivo La Coruña 2 1995, 2002
Arenas Club 1 3 1919
RCD Mallorca 1 2 2003
Club Vizcaya 1* 1 1902*
Levante UD 1* 1937*


(*)See Controversies section

Finals

Season Location Winner Runner-up Score
2010
2009 Valenciamarker FC Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 4-1
2008 Madridmarker Valencia CF Getafe CF 3-1
2007 Madridmarker Sevilla FC Getafe CF 1-0
2006 Madridmarker RCD Espanyol Real Zaragoza 4-1
2005 Madridmarker Real Betis Osasuna 2-1 (aet)
2004 Barcelonamarker Real Zaragoza Real Madrid 3-2 (aet)
2003 Elchemarker RCD Mallorca Recreativo de Huelva 3-0
2002 Madridmarker Deportivo La Coruña Real Madrid 2-1
2001 Sevillamarker Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 3-1
2000 Valenciamarker RCD Espanyol Atlético Madrid 2-1
1999 Sevillamarker Valencia CF Atlético Madrid 3-0
1998 Valenciamarker FC Barcelona RCD Mallorca 1-1 (penalties, 5-4)
1997 Madridmarker FC Barcelona Real Betis 3-2 (aet)
1996 Zaragozamarker Atlético Madrid FC Barcelona 1-0 (aet)
1995 Madridmarker Deportivo La Coruña Valencia CF 2-1
1994 Madridmarker Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 0-0 (penalties, 5-4)
1993 Valenciamarker Real Madrid Real Zaragoza 2-0
1992 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 2-0
1991 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid RCD Mallorca 1-0
1990 Valenciamarker FC Barcelona Real Madrid 2-0
1989 Madridmarker Real Madrid Real Valladolid 1-0
1988 Madridmarker FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 1-0
1987 Zaragozamarker Real Sociedad Atlético Madrid 2-2 (penalties, 4-2)
1986 Madridmarker Real Zaragoza FC Barcelona 1-0
1985 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Athletic Bilbao 2-1
1984 Madridmarker Athletic Bilbao FC Barcelona 1-0
1983 Zaragozamarker FC Barcelona Real Madrid 2-1
1982 Valladolidmarker Real Madrid Sporting de Gijón 2-1
1981 Madridmarker FC Barcelona Sporting de Gijón 3-1
1980 Madridmarker Real Madrid Castilla CF 6-1
1979 Madridmarker Valencia CF Real Madrid 2-0
1978 Madridmarker FC Barcelona UD Las Palmas 3-1
1977 Madridmarker Real Betis Athletic Bilbao 2-2 (penalties, 8-7)
1976 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Real Zaragoza 1-0
1975 Madridmarker Real Madrid Atlético Madrid 0-0 (penalties, 4-3)
1974 Madridmarker Real Madrid FC Barcelona 4-0
1973 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao CD Castellón 2-0
1972 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Valencia CF 2-1
1971 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Valencia CF 4-3
1970 Barcelonamarker Real Madrid Valencia CF 3-1
1969 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Elche CF 1-0
1968 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Real Madrid 1-0
1967 Madridmarker Valencia CF Atlético Bilbao 2-1
1966 Madridmarker Real Zaragoza Atlético Bilbao 2-0
1965 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Real Zaragoza 1-0
1964 Madridmarker Real Zaragoza Atlético Madrid 2-1
1963 Barcelonamarker CF Barcelona Real Zaragoza 3-1
1962 Madridmarker Real Madrid Sevilla CF 2-1
1961 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3-2
1960 Madridmarker Atlético Madrid Real Madrid 3-1
1959 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Granada CF 4-1
1958 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 2-0
1957 Barcelonamarker CF Barcelona RCD Español 1-0
1956 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Atlético Madrid 2-1
1955 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Sevilla CF 1-0
1954 Madridmarker Valencia CF CF Barcelona 3-0
1953 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 2-1
1952 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Valencia CF 4-2
1951 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Real Sociedad 3-0
1950 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Real Valladolid 4-1
1949 Madridmarker Valencia CF Atlético Bilbao 1-0
1948 Madridmarker Sevilla CF Celta Vigo 4-1
1947 A Coruñamarker Real Madrid RCD Español 2-0
1946 Barcelonamarker Real Madrid Valencia CF 3-1
1945 Barcelonamarker Atlético Bilbao Valencia CF 3-2
1944 Barcelonamarker Atlético Bilbao Valencia CF 2-0
1943 Madridmarker Atlético Bilbao Real Madrid 1-0
1942 Madridmarker CF Barcelona Atlético Bilbao 4-3
1941 Madridmarker Valencia CF RCD Español 3-1
1940 Madridmarker RCD Español Real Madrid 3-2
1939 Barcelonamarker Sevilla FC Rácing Ferrol 6-2
1936 Valenciamarker Madrid FC CF Barcelona 2-1
1935 Madridmarker Sevilla FC CE Sabadell FC 3-0
1934 Barcelonamarker Madrid FC Valencia CF 2-1
1933 Barcelonamarker Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 2-1
1932 Madridmarker Athletic Bilbao FC Barcelona 1-0
1931 Madridmarker Athletic Bilbao Real Betis 3-1
1930 Barcelonamarker Athletic Bilbao Madrid CF 3-2
1929 Valenciamarker RCD Español Real Madrid 2-1
1928 Santandermarker FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 3-1
1927 Zaragozamarker Real Unión Arenas Club de Getxo 1-0
1926 Valenciamarker FC Barcelona Atlético Madrid 3-2
1925 Sevillamarker FC Barcelona Arenas Club de Getxo 2-0
1924 San Sebastiánmarker Real Unión Real Madrid 1-0
1923 Barcelonamarker Athletic Bilbao CE Europa 1-0
1922 Vigomarker FC Barcelona Real Unión 5-1
1921 Bilbaomarker Athletic Bilbao Atlético Madrid 4-1
1920 Gijón FC Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 2-0
1919 Madridmarker Arenas Club de Getxo FC Barcelona 5-2
1918 Madridmarker Real Unión Madrid FC 2-0
1917 Barcelonamarker Madrid FC Arenas Club de Getxo 2-1
1916 Barcelonamarker Athletic Bilbao Madrid FC 4-0
1915 Irúnmarker Athletic Bilbao RCD Español 5-0
1914 Irúnmarker Athletic Bilbao FC Espanya de Barcelona 2-1
1913* Barcelonamarker FC Barcelona Real Sociedad 2-1
1913 Madridmarker Rácing de Irún Athletic Bilbao 1-0
1912 Barcelonamarker FC Barcelona Gimnástica Madrid 2-0
1911 Bilbaomarker Athletic Bilbao CD Español 3-1
1910* Madridmarker FC Barcelona Club Español de Madrid 3-2
1910 San Sebastiánmarker Athletic Bilbao Vasconia 1-0
1909 Madridmarker Club Ciclista Club Español de Madrid 3-1
1908 Madridmarker Madrid FC Real Vigo Sporting 2-1
1907 Madridmarker Madrid FC Club Vizcaya 1-0
1906 Madridmarker Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 4-1
1905 Madridmarker Madrid FC Athletic Bilbao 1-0
1904 Madridmarker Athletic Bilbao No final  
1903 Madridmarker Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 3-2
1902 Madridmarker Club Vizcaya FC Barcelona 2-1


Note on name changes

Real Madrid were originally known as Madrid FC and did not add the Real until 1920. During the Spanish Second Republic the club dropped Real from their name. In 1941, a decree issued by General Franco banned the use of non-Spanish language names. FC Barcelona and Sevilla FC became CF Barcelona and Sevilla CF and Athletic Bilbao had to change the spelling of their prefix to Atlético. RCD Espanyol were known as RCD Español until 1995.

References

  1. Spain - Cup 1902
  2. : Athletic Club - Official Site :
  3. www.elpais.com
  4. http://www.levante-emv.com/secciones/noticia.jsp?pRef=3833_11_415089__Deportes-Villar-demora-Copa-Levante



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