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Copenhagen Airport (Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) is the main international airport serving Copenhagenmarker, Denmarkmarker and the Oresund Region. It is located on the island of Amagermarker, 8 kilometers south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometers west of Malmömarker city centre on the other side of the Oresund Bridgemarker. The airport lies mainly in the municipality of Tårnbymarker, with a small portion in neighboring Dragør. It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines System and is also a hub for Cimber Sterling, Norwegian Air Shuttle and for transavia.com. Copenhagen Airport serves nearly 60,000 passengers per day; 21.5 million passengers passed through the facility in 2008, making it the busiest airport in the Nordic countries, and number 17 in Europe, with a maximum capacity of 83 loadings/hour and with room for 108 airplanes. It is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airportmarker. The airport has 1700 employees (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrupmarker, now a part of the Tårnbymarker municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airportmarker, which formally is called Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.

Airlines and destinations

Copenhagen Airport has three terminals and a new one is set to open in 2010. The new terminal is CPH Swift (see below for more information).

Terminals 2 and 3 share a common airside passenger concourse, and also share the arrivals section. The arrivals section, which houses customs and baggage claim, is physically located in Terminal 3.

Terminal 1

All domestic arrivals and departures:

Terminal 2

Terminal 2
Welcome to wonderful Copenhagen.
Baggage Claim


Terminal 3

Terminal 3


Cargo airlines

History

Copenhagen Airport Map


  • 1925: CPH opens for service on April 20. One of the first private airports in the world, it opens with a grass runway.
  • 1932: 6000 take-offs and landings in the year.
  • 1936–1939: New terminal, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism, is built (Architect: Vilhelm Lauritzen).
  • 1941: First hard-surface runway is built.
  • 1946: SAS is founded, an important event for Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increases rapidly in the first years SAS operates. Also, Copenhagen Airport becomes Europe's third-largest.
  • 1947: On 26 January, a KLM DC-3 crashes at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people die, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf, and the American opera singer Grace Moore.
  • 1948: 150 take-offs and landings per day, and 3000 passengers are handled per day.
  • 1950: 378,000 passengers are handled.
  • 1954: 11,000 tonnes of freight handled per year. SAS begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angelesmarker. The route proves to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen becomes a popular transit point for Hollywoodmarker stars and producers flying to Europe.
  • 1956: 1 million passengers handled per year. CPH wins the award for the world's best airport.
  • 1960s: With the advent of jet airliners, debate begins about a major expansion of the airport. Jets need longer runways than had previously been used, and plans are drawn up to expand the airport either into existing communities in Kastrup or onto Saltholmmarker, a small island. Local protests ensue and expansion is stalled for some time.
  • 1960: On 30 April, Terminal 2, also designed by Lauritzen, opens. Also, a new control tower opens and the airport handles 2 million passengers per year.
  • 1970s: The airport suffers from acute space shortages, especially with the advent of large jets such as 747s. After initially deciding to expand to Saltholmmarker, the project is eventually blocked by Denmark's parliamentmarker.
  • 1973: 8 million passengers handled per year.
  • 1982: The Cargo terminal opens.
  • 1986: A parking garage with 2400 spaces opens.
  • 1991: The airport is partially privatised.
  • 1998: Terminal 3 opens, and the airport handles 17 million passengers per year.
  • 1999: Baggage handling system is modernised, and the Vilhelm Lauritzen terminal is moved 3.8 km down the runway to make room for new terminals, a hotel, and a train station.
  • 2000: The airport handles 18.4 million passengers per year. A commuter train linking the airport to Copenhagen and Malmömarker opens.
  • 2001: A five-star Hilton hotel with 382 beds opens at the airport. 267,000 take-offs and landings.
  • 2005: Macquaire Airport buys 52% of stocks
  • 2006: Number of passengers exceeds 20 million for the first time (20.9 million).
  • 2007: A metro station opens, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro.
  • 2008: A new control tower is opened by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announce plan to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility, which is expected to be completed by 2010.
  • 2009 Macquaire Airport is spun off as MAp Airports


Ground transport

Right
The airport can be accessed in various ways:

Incidents and accidents

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.


  • On 26 January 1947, Douglas Dakota, PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 onboard, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdammarker had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. Also aboard the ill-fated flight was Americanmarker singer and actress Grace Moore. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten rudder lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realizing the lock was still in place.






See also



References

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busiest_airports_in_Europe_by_passenger_traffic
  2. Copenhagen Airports - Copenhagen Airports


External links




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