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Cosmo Kramer, referred to as simply "Kramer", is a fictional character on the American television sitcom Seinfeld (1989–1998), played by Michael Richards. The character is loosely based on comedian Kenny Kramer, Larry David's former neighbor.

Kramer is the neighbor of main character Jerry Seinfeld, residing in Apartment 5B, and is friends with him, George Costanza and Elaine Benes. Of the series' four central characters, only Kramer has no visible means of support; what few jobs he holds seem to be nothing more than larks.

His trademarks include his humorous upright hairstyle and vintage wardrobe, the combination of which led to his categorization as a "hipster doofus"; his taste in fruit; his love of smoking, Cuban cigars in particular; his violent bursts through Jerry's apartment door; frequent pratfalls and his penchant for nonsensical, percussive outbursts of noise to indicate skepticism, agreement, annoyance, and a variety of other inexplicable responses. He has been described as "an extraordinary cross between Eraserhead and Herman Munster".

Kramer appeared in all but two episodes: "The Chinese Restaurant" and "The Pen", in the second and third seasons, respectively.

Background and family

In "The Letter", Kramer tells two art patrons that he ran away from home at age 17 and stowed away aboard a steamer bound for Swedenmarker.

Kramer never completed high school; however, it is learned in "The Barber" that Kramer has a GED.

Kramer was estranged for a long period from his mother, Babs. Unlike George Costanza and Jerry Seinfeld, Kramer's character does not have a well-developed network of family members shown in the sitcom.

During an opening discussion, Kramer revealed to Jerry that in 1979 he was struck on the head by a falling air conditioner while walking on the sidewalk. Jerry asks if that was when Kramer lived in Greenwich Villagemarker, to which Kramer replies that he cannot remember. This is discussed in the beginning of "The Little Kicks".

In "The Strong Box", it was revealed that Kramer spent a brief time in the Army, although information about this time is "classified".


Kramer has many conflicting personality traits. Described in "The Letter" by an art patron as "a loathsome, offensive brute", he is often shallow, callous, and indifferent. Though eccentric, Kramer is more often than not caring, friendly and kind-hearted; he often goes out of his way to help total strangers, and tries to get his friends to also help others and to do the right thing even when they don't want him to. His most incredible act of heroism is probably in "The Fire", where he fights an armed criminal off a city bus and proceeds, after the driver passes out, to drive it across town himself, to save the severed pinky toe of a friend, all the while continuing to make the bus' designated stops.

Kramer is known for his extreme honesty and, correspondingly, his lack of tact; in "The Nose Job", he tells George's insecure girlfriend that she is as pretty as any girl in New York City, she just needs a nose job. Instead of being horrified, many characters end up thanking Kramer for his candor. Kramer rarely gets into trouble for it, but his friends often do; this is especially prevalent in "The Cartoon" where Kramer makes comments to Sally Weaver (Kathy Griffin), who then blames Jerry for "ruining her life" as a result. He also gets his friends directly into trouble by talking them into things such as parking illegally in a handicapped space ("The Handicap Spot"), urinating in a parking garage ("The Parking Garage"), committing mail fraud ("The Package") or even hiring a hitman (who turns out to be Newman) to get rid of a dog ("The Engagement").

One explanation as to Kramer's personality and traits, with respect to his mysterious childhood and background, is hinted in "The Chicken Roaster". After a series of conflicts, Jerry is forced to live in Kramer's apartment and vice-versa, which quickly has an effect on both characters. Jerry, bothered endlessly by the many problems in Kramer's home, quickly begins acting like his wacky friend, showing that Kramer might be radically influenced by his own apartment but has simply grown used to it. Of course, when Kramer finally begins living in Jerry's regular and normal apartment, he quickly and briefly becomes more like his calm and quick-witted friend.

His relationship with George and Elaine is as moderately strong as with Jerry. He helps Elaine in "The Watch", "The Engagement", "The Soup Nazi" and "The Slicer", and helps George in "The Busboy", "The Stall" and "The Slicer". His conflict with Elaine is "The Seven" and with George in "The Susie".

His relationship with Jerry is very questionable. Simply put, Jerry is usually reluctantly persuaded into doing things. Kramer also at times gets into arguments with Jerry, in episodes such as "The Chaperone", "The Kiss Hello" and "The Caddy". On the other hand, Kramer has displayed an almost unbending loyalty toward Jerry in many episodes, especially when choosing to help him against Newman in many episodes, including "The Suicide" and "The Millennium". In the same respect, Jerry has helped Kramer out of good will in some episodes and always seems to forgive and ultimately accept his friend's mooching tendencies. At times, Jerry is clearly quite amused by Kramer's antics, which may also be a factor in the friendship's endurance.

His relationship with Newman is defined from the start in "The Suicide", in which he gets along very well. Like the main characters, they also get into conflict with each other most notably "The Junk Mail". Their "quick rich schemes" are noted in "The Old Man" and "The Bottle Deposit". The most notable conflict other than each other is Keith Hernandez in "The Boyfriend" until the baseball star straighten out the facts along with the famous JFK parody.

His relationship with Susan is mixed. Although he gets along in "The Secret Code", there are many episodes in which he made her life a mess. He vomited on her in "The Pitch", unwittingly burned her father's cabin in "The Bubble Boy", dated Mona while Susan was a lesbian in "The Smelly Car" and calls her "Lily" in "The Invitations".

Kramer's apartment is the subject of numerous radical experiments in interior design, including "levels" (no furniture) in "The Pony Remark", and a reconstruction of the set of The Merv Griffin Show in "The Merv Griffin Show". Inside views of Kramer's apartment are seldom seen, but it is known that he installed hardwood flooring and woodgrain-like wallpaper to, as he explains to Jerry, "give it the feel of a ski lodge." The apartment is centred around a large hot tub and couch styled after a 1957 Chevy.

Out of all the characters, Kramer is the one who smokes a Cuban cigar the most. It started out in "The Wallet" and it goes on. So much so he set up a smoking club for smokers in his apartment in "The Abstinence". But his face ends up getting ruined after so much smoking and he hires Jackie Chiles to sue the cigarette company but instead puts his image as the Marlboro Man on the Marlboro billboard in Times Square.


He suffers from coulrophobia — a fear of clowns — in "The Opera", "The Gymnast" and "The Slicer".

In the episode "The Raincoats", he panics when the word "mouse" is mentioned. He shares this phobia with Frank Costanza.

He has seizures whenever he hears the voice of Mary Hart, co-anchor of the show Entertainment Tonight, as seen in the episode "The Good Samaritan." This is a real condition, which has been dubbed the "Mary Hart Syndrome" – an actual case was reported and published more than a year before the episode aired.

Kramer is inexplicably popular with both George's and Jerry's parents, although this is not true at first. In "The Handicap Spot," Estelle Costanza calls Kramer "trouble" and expresses her dissatisfaction at her son hanging around him. It is revealed in "The Blood" that he calls the Seinfelds once a week. George's parents let Kramer stay at their house in an episode when they are away on a trip. They even let Kramer bring women to their house, as George complains they never let him do. He even briefly moves into Jerry's parents' retirement community in Floridamarker, where Morty Seinfeld recruits him to run for Condo Board President in an attempt to establish a puppet régime. Kramer even manages to befriend the "Soup Nazi," which seemed impossible because of the Soup Nazi's short temper and his outbursts at anyone who holds up the line.

Kramer's conversation often contains onomatopoeia or nonsensical sounds, difficult to transcribe, in order to emphasize an emotional point or describe earlier actions. He frequently expresses his agreement with a sentiment or suggestion via the word "Giddyup!"

In "The Visa", George commented, "Kramer goes to a fantasy camp. His whole life is a fantasy camp. People should plunk down two thousand dollars to live like him for a week. Do nothing, fall ass-backwards into money, mooch food off your neighbours, and have sex without dating. That's a fantasy camp." This likely refers to Kramer's various strokes of financial luck over the course of the series, such as optioning his coffee table book about coffee tables to a major Hollywood studio in "The Wizard", winning $18,000 in "The Subway" and signing a contract with Calvin Klein in "The Pick". It also may indicate that Kramer came into money at an earlier, unseen time and is thus independently wealthy to some degree, at least to the extent that he does not need to work. Possibly he receives monthly installments of money which he sometimes rapidly spends, explaining why he is short of funds in some episodes but not in others.



The character of Kramer was originally based on the real-life Kenny Kramer, a neighbor of co-creator Larry David from New Yorkmarker. However, Michael Richards did in no way base his performance on the real Kramer, to the point of refusing to meet him. This was later parodied in "The Pilot" when Michael Richards in Jerry and George's sitcom refused to base the character on the real Cosmo Kramer. At the time of the shooting of the original Seinfeld pilot titled "The Seinfeld Chronicles", Kenny Kramer had not yet given consent to use his name, and so Kramer's character was originally referred to as "Kessler".

Larry David was hesitant to use Kenny Kramer's real name because he suspected that Kramer would take advantage of this. David's suspicion turned out to be correct; Kenny Kramer created the "Kramer Reality Tour", a New York Citymarker bus tour that points out actual locations of events or places featured in Seinfeld. The "Kramer Reality Tour" is itself spoofed on Seinfeld in "The Muffin Tops." In the episode, when Kramer's life stories are used by Elaine for the use of various stories in Peterman's biography, he develops a reality bus tour called "The Peterman Reality Tour" and touts himself as "The Real J. Peterman."


Cosmo Kramer was known only as "Kramer" during the show's first five seasons (from 1989 to 1994), though in the pilot, "The Seinfeld Chronicles," Jerry referred to him as Kessler, which was his original name for the show, until they changed it to Kramer. George finds out his unusual first name through an encounter with Kramer's long estranged mother, Babs (played by Sheree North), in the season six episode, "The Switch". Despite this, most characters continued to call him Kramer for the remainder of the show's run (although many minor characters did refer to him as "Cosmo"). In the season 9 episode "The Betrayal", when we see how Jerry met Kramer, Kramer says that his name is incorrectly put down as Kessler in the apartment building. This retcons the pilot's mistake. The source of the character's first name is from the name of a child whose uncle worked on the set of Seinfeld. "Cosmo" currently lives in Downers Grove, Illinoismarker.

Romantic relationships

Of the four main characters, Kramer has the fewest on-screen romantic relationships. He does not seem to have trouble attracting women, but his relationships often come to an embarrassing end, and, like Jerry's, are usually short lived. Some of Kramer's most notable relationships include:
  • In "The Conversion," after Kramer attracts the attention of a young Latvian Orthodox novice, Roberta, he learns from the priests that he has the Kavorka.
  • In "The Puffy Shirt," Kramer dates Leslie, a "low-talker," a woman who speaks quietly.
  • In "The Friars Club," Kramer tries to copy Leonardo Da Vinci by only sleeping 20 minutes every three hours, but when he finally falls deeply asleep in his girlfriend Connie's arms, she thinks he is dead, puts him in a sack and dumps him into the Hudson River.
  • In "The Smelly Car," Kramer "converts" Susan's lesbian lover, Mona, to heterosexuality, one of the many reasons why Susan hates Kramer.
  • In "The Chinese Woman", Kramer dates Elaine's friend Noreen, whom he tries to steer away from what he perceives as Elaine's negative influence. In this episode, Kramer is preoccupied by the fact that despite having slept with many women, he has never gotten a woman pregnant, and he consults a doctor about his sperm count. By the episode's end, it is implied he may have impregnated Noreen, but the possibility is never raised again.
  • In "The Non-Fat Yogurt", Kramer's passionate encounter with Cheryl, a lab technician results in the accidental mix up of Rudy Giuliani's blood test.
  • In "The Pie", Kramer dates Olive from the coffee shop, whose super-long nails are the only cure to his itchy back. When he loses his itch and wants to break up with her, he uses a mannequin that looks like Elaine as his pretend new girlfriend.
  • In "The Wife", he gets overly-tanned after falling asleep on a tanning bed and then horrifies his African-American girlfriend Anna and her family who think he's doing blackface.
  • In "The Maid", his girlfriend Madeline moves to downtown Manhattan and Kramer cannot handle the "long-distance relationship".
  • In "The Dog", Kramer has a relationship with Ellen, whom all of his friends hate.
  • In "The Library", Kramer attracts the Librarian/Poet Marian after claiming "she needs a little tenderness, she needs a little Kramer." He eventually falls in love with her poetry; however, it doesn't work out. Kramer mentions in "The Tape" that one night he was sleeping in bed with her, so therefore, their relationship supposedly ended between that episode and "The Nose Job" (the next episode), as Kramer begins dating Audrey, George's ex-girlfriend.
  • In "The Soul Mate", Kramer falls for Jerry's girlfriend Pam and with Newman's help tries to win her over. He even gets a vasectomy for her because he finds out she is not interested in having children (he later states that the procedure was botched, and he is even more potent as a result).
  • In "The Money", Kramer dates Emily (played by Sarah Silverman) who has the "jimmy legs" which keep him up at night.
  • In "The Shoes", Kramer briefly dates Gail, Jerry's ex-girlfriend.
  • In "The Truth", Kramer dates Elaine's roommate Tina who enjoys making out in the living room and dancing to tribal music.
  • In "The Soup", Kramer dates Hilde, a waitress that works at Reggie's.


Kramer has on a few occasions taken people under his wing and aggressively protected their interests.
  • In "The Chaperone", he becomes the personal coach of Miss Rhode Islandmarker (Karen) at the Miss America pageant. He trains her on poise, walk and even on singing technique.
  • In "The Understudy", Kramer becomes a super-protective bodyguard and nurse to an injured Bette Midler after she is run over at the plate by George at a softball game. He is so protective of her that he even prevents George and Jerry from apologizing to her at the hospital.
  • In "The Voice", Kramer gets an intern from New York Universitymarker (NYU) who is supposed to be working for "Kramerica Industries", but he really ends up "mending chicken wire", having "high tea with a Mr. Newman" and setting up lunch appointments with Jerry at the coffee shop. Darin the intern becomes so loyal to Kramerica that he even continues on as Kramer's assistant after the internship is revoked by the university—but later Kramer announces Darin "is going away for a very long time" (implying he will be going to jail) after the failed oil bladder invention.
  • In "The Gum", Kramer takes Lloyd Braun—who recently was released from a mental institution—under his wing and helps him get back on track by letting him help in the restoration of the Alex Theatre.
  • In "The Chinese Woman", Kramer becomes especially protective of Elaine's friend Noreen.
  • However in "The Fatigues", the role is reversed when Kramer has no cooking skills and needed Frank Costanza to help cook Jewish food for his community.

Bizarre beliefs and philosophies

Kramer is known to embrace opposite and reverse philosophies and to reject acceptable social behaviors or established facts. For example, he insists in "The Jimmy" that you have to eat before undergoing surgery because "you need your strength", even though patients are told not to eat before an operation because doing so can interfere with anaesthesia.

  • In "The Heart Attack", Kramer reveals he does not believe in being treated at hospitals when he warns George that his friend Bob Sacamano went in for a hernia operation which was botched and now he speaks in a falsetto voice. Because of this he recommends for George to opt for a holistic healer. When George finds out how much cheaper it is, he goes with Kramer's advice, which he later regrets.

  • In "The Opera", Kramer wears casual clothes to an upscale opera, commenting that "People do (dress up when they go to the opera); I don't." Kramer also admits that he suffers from coulrophobia (fear of clowns). Kramer also expresses his belief that Italian people used to sing to each other, but they stopped because 'they couldn't keep it up; they got tired'.

  • In "The Andrea Doria", when he developed a severe cough; Kramer refused to see a doctor, after he claims they botched his vasectomy, preferring instead to be treated by a veterinarian. His rationale is that veterinarians are superior physicians because they are expected to care for multiple species.

  • In "The Foundation", Kramer inspires a despondent Elaine to have greater self-confidence with the "Katra" philosophy that she thinks he learned in his karate class. As it turns out, "Katra" is a Vulcan trait that Kramer saw in Star Trek III: The Search for Spock and in actuality, Kramer is the only adult in a karate class full of children.

  • In "The Butter Shave", Kramer finds butter is a better protection for his skin after shaving. His skin feels so good with butter he takes to spreading it all over his body (which entices Newman's voracious appetite).

  • In "The Cafe", Kramer adamantly insists that a time limit on the application of a law is a "statue of limitations". Jerry attempts to correct him on this, but gives up in the face of Kramer's stubborn ignorance.

  • In "The Wallet", Kramer declares that he believes that all home package deliveries should be abolished because it renders homeowners vulnerable to intruders.

  • In "The Dinner Party" Kramer tells George that he never carries a wallet because it throws his hips "off kilt".

  • In "The Engagement", Kramer claims that he does not use a watch, and that he tells time by the sun. He also claims that he can guess "within the hour".

  • In "The Hot Tub", Kramer tells Jerry that he does not use or trust alarm clocks and that he uses his "mental alarm clock" claiming that it never fails. He also says that your body knows what time it is.

  • In "The Masseuse" Kramer tells Jerry and Elaine that Joel Rifkin was a serial killer because he was adopted and that being adopted is one of a serial killer's major traits.

  • In "The Old Man" Kramer says senior citizen services are front for money launderers and cons who steal old people's life savings.


Despite the failure of the majority of his schemes and his unwillingness to even apply for a normal job, Kramer always seems to have money when he needs it. In the episode, "The Shoes," Jerry remarks that Kramer received a "ton of money" at some earlier point in his life (presumably via inheritance). In "The Visa", George makes a comment about Kramer going to a fantasy camp. The only example of this demonstrated on the show was in the episode "The Subway", in which Kramer places a $600 bet on a horse at 30-to-1 odds, which amounts to winning $18,000.

The only steady job Kramer is known to have had was in "The Strike", when he went back to work at H&H Bagels after being on strike for over a decade. His union finally settled the strike when the minimum wage of New Yorkmarker was raised to the hourly rate Kramer had been demanding from his employer (Kramer still felt the strike was a success), and he was re-employed. He only worked there during that one episode before he was fired. During the time he was working at the bagel shop, he went on strike again because of having to work during Festivus, a holiday invented by Frank Costanza.

Kramer has engaged in a variety of short-lived jobs. He worked part-time as a department store Santa before being fired for spreading Communist propaganda to young children in "The Race". In "The Bizarro Jerry", he worked at an office where he was not actually employed, describing his daily activities to Jerry as "T.C.B. You know, takin' care of business." His "boss" eventually "fires" him, commenting that his reports resemble work by someone with "no business training at all." In "The Beard", he was paid to be a decoy in a police lineup. A story arc of the fifth season included Kramer's idea for a coffee table book about coffee tables, which was eventually published in "The Fire". His success in that particular endeavor was short-lived, however, because he spilled coffee on Kathie Lee Gifford while promoting the book on Live with Regis and Kathie Lee in "The Opposite". In The Pick, he became an underwear model for Calvin Klein, which must account for at least some of his income. The biggest boost to Kramer's income would have to be in the episode "The Wizard" when his coffee table book is optioned for a movie by a "big Hollywood so-and-so", earning Kramer enough royalty money to retire to Floridamarker (although he moved back to New York almost immediately after a "political scandal" involving going barefoot in the clubhouse, which cost him the election for condo board president.)

He is a compulsive gambler who successfully avoided gambling for several years until "The Diplomat's Club", in which he bet with a wealthy Texanmarker on the arrival and departure times of flights going into New York'smarker LaGuardia Airportmarker. Earlier than that, "The Pony Remark" and "The Subway" still shows that Kramer is a tough gambler.

A struggling (and terrible) actor, Kramer briefly lived in Los Angelesmarker, where he accosted Fred Savage, appeared in a minor role on Murphy Brown, and was a suspect in a string of serial killings ("The Keys", "The Trip"). Back in New York, Kramer worked as a stand-in on a soap opera with his friend Mickey Abbott in "The Stand In", and was given a one-line part in a Woody Allen movie in "The Alternate Side" (His line, "These pretzels are making me thirsty", became the show's first catch phrase), but he was fired before completing his scene. Kramer has worked in various other theater projects, such as acting out illnesses at a medical school in "The Burning".

In the episode "The Strong Box", Kramer says one of the things in the box is his military discharge. Upon being asked, "You were in the army?", Kramer replies, "Briefly." In the episode "The Muffin Tops", Kramer mentions shaving his chest when he was a lifeguard.

Kramer's financial status seems to be contradicted across episodes. For example, in one episode George asks Kramer if he can break a twenty-dollar bill, to which he replies, "I only have hundreds" ("The Mango"). However, in another episode, in which he explains to Jerry that wallets are a nuisance and that he should use a money clip, Kramer advises Jerry to "keep the big bills on the outside" and shows Jerry his own money clip as an example, to which Jerry responds, "That's a five" ("The Reverse Peephole").When Kramer decides to pay off Jerry (for all the food that he took from Jerry in a week) which was $50 he says "I don't have that kind of cash" and he ends up selling his bicycle to Newman to settle Jerry.

Inventions, entrepreneurship, and lawsuits

Kramer showed an entrepreneurial bent with "Kramerica Industries," for which he devised plans for a pizza place where customers made their own pie ("Male Unbonding"), a bladder system for tankers that would "put an end to maritime oil spills" ("The Voice"), and a product that would put ketchup and mustard in the same bottle.

He also came up with the idea of a beach-scented cologne in "The Pez Dispenser", but a marketing executive for Calvin Klein informed him that the idea was ridiculous. However, in "The Pick", it is revealed that Klein has produced a cologne called Ocean based on the same idea. When Kramer confronts him about this, his interaction with Calvin Klein lands him a photo shoot in connection with the cologne as an underwear model.

In "The Doorman", Kramer and Frank Costanza co-develop a prototype for a brassiere for men called the "bro" or the "mansiere". It's mentioned again in "The Fusilli Jerry" when Frank believes that Kramer used "the move" - stopping short by quickly applying the brakes of a car in order to get a quick feel of a woman in the passenger seat. Apparently "The Understudy" Frank tries to do "the move" on a Korean woman that failed to rekindle their relationship.

In "The Muffin Tops", Kramer cries foul after failing to receive due credit for J. Peterman's book success which was unduly based on Kramer's misadventures. He then confronts Peterman during a book signing, and is kicked out of the event. Kramer then declares himself to be "The Real Peterman" and initiates The Real Peterman Reality Bus Tour, charging customers $37.50 for a tour of his life. On the matter of this tour, Jerry commented that it was "basically $37.50 for a 3 Musketeers."

Kramer also hatched a scheme to smuggle actual Cubansmarker to the United States to make his beloved outlawed Cuban cigars, only to learn the "Cubans" are actually Dominicansmarker ("The English Patient").

He participates in lawsuits against various people and companies, represented by Jackie Chiles, a parody of Johnnie Cochran. In "The Maestro," he settled one such suit (though he received no monetary compensation) against a coffee company whose beverages were too hot (a reference to the McDonald's coffee case). In "The Abstinence," Kramer sues a tobacco company for the damage its products caused to his appearance, and in "The Caddy," he sued Sue Ellen Mischke for causing a traffic accident that ruined his chances at becoming a professional golfer.

Coffee Table Book about Coffee Tables

A storyline running throughout the fifth season is the development of one of Kramer's few successful ideas. Kramer first thought of the book in "The Cigar Store Indian", although he later claims that he was skiing when he first had the idea. Throughout the season, his quest to get the book published becomes a running gag, and, although Elaine is portrayed as disliking the idea but Mr. Lippman likes the idea, Pendant Publishing (where Elaine and Kramer's then-girlfriend worked) decides to publish it in "The Fire".

In "The Opposite", Kramer goes on Regis and Kathie Lee to promote the book. By accidentally spitting his coffee over Kathie Lee Gifford ("All over my Kathie Lee Casuals!"), his book tour immediately goes down in flames. Also in the episode, as a result of a bizarre chain of events, Elaine inadvertently causes the end of Pendant Publishing and therefore the end of Kramer's book. Nevertheless, the book is mentioned later in the episode "The Wizard" where it is revealed that the book was being made into a movie and the money Kramer makes causes him to move to Florida temporarily.

The book itself was full of pictures of celebrities' coffee tables, and even had a pair of foldable wooden legs so that it could itself be turned into a coffee table. He also said that he had plans for a coaster to be built into the cover, and it is unknown if this feature was actually implemented at any point.

Kramer's other inventions and ideas

  • A pizzeria where you make your own pizza pie. It falters because of a dispute between Kramer and Poppie over whether cucumbers can be pizza toppings ("The Couch").
  • Installing a garbage disposal as the drain in his shower, so that he could prepare vegetables while showering ("The Apology").
  • Redoing his entire apartment in imitation wood wallpaper - "It's wood, Jerry." ("The Junior Mint").
  • Redecorating his apartment with the set of The Merv Griffin Show ("The Merv Griffin Show").
  • Adding a screen door outside his apartment front door ("The Serenity Now").
  • Using the homeless to pull rickshaws in New York City ("The Bookstore").
  • Reversing the peephole in his apartment front door so he can see inside to see if someone was waiting to ambush him with a sock full of pennies. Ironically, this very thing happened to another character at the end of the episode ("The Reverse Peephole").
  • Owning his own chicken to obtain fresh eggs. He later discovers that the chicken is really a rooster and trains him to become a cock fighter ("The Little Jerry").
  • Saving his blood in a refrigerator ("The Blood").
  • Joining Newman who re-attempts an original (and refined) idea by Kramer. Using a mail truck to take cans to a Michigan recycling plant, where the bottle deposit return is worth 10¢, as opposed to New York's 5¢ ("The Bottle Deposit").
  • Getting rid of his refrigerator so that he would only eat fresh food ("The Soup").
  • Placing oil in a giant rubber bladder to prevent oil spills. However, during the test of the giant ball of oil at Play Now, it falls on the unsuspecting head of Jerry's girlfriend, after which he complacently remarks 'Well that didn't work' and has the idea to put Ketchup and Mustard in the same bottle. ("The Voice").
  • A small statue of Jerry made of fusilli pasta (because he's silly), a macaroni statue of Bette Midler (Macaroni Midler), and a ravioli statue of George (presumably "ravioli George"). All pastas "capture the essence" of their respective personae. ("The Fusilli Jerry", "The Understudy")
  • A cologne that smells of the beach, an idea which is eventually stolen by Calvin Klein. ("The Pez Dispenser" and "The Pick")
  • Blacking out the divider stripes on two of the lanes in a four lane highway to make it more "luxurious." ("The Pothole")
  • A brassiere for men. Kramer and Frank Costanza dream this up as a business partnership. It never happens because they strongly disagree over the name for this product: Kramer wants to call it the "Bro", Mr. Costanza wants to call it the "Manssiere".
  • A Necktie dispenser to replace dirty ones, as seen in ("The Stock Tip")
  • Vowing to only wear clothes which were fresh out of the dryer. He ends up baking the clothes in the oven, having run out of quarters for the machine, as seen in "The Calzone."
  • Adding wooden levels to his apartment to create space and eliminate furniture. Seen in both ("The Pony Remark") and in the pilot which Jerry and George create for NBC.
  • A restaurant that serves only peanut-butter and jelly, called PB and J's. ("The Friars Club")


Like the other three characters, Kramer has pseudonyms he uses in various schemes; H.E. Pennypacker, Dr. Martin Van Nostrand, and Peter Van Nostrand are the most popular.

Under the name H.E. Pennypacker in "The Puerto Rican Day", Kramer poses as a buyer interested in an apartment in order to use its bathroom. Kramer appeared as Pennypacker to help Elaine get revenge on a store, Putumayo, by repricing all the merchandise in the store with a pricing gun ("The Millennium"). In the latter capacity, he claimed to be "a wealthy American industrialist."

As Dr. Martin von Nostrand, Kramer tried to get Elaine's medical chart to erase the negative comments her doctor had made in "The Package". He also used the von Nostrand alias in the episode "The Slicer", posing as a dermatologist for a cancer screening at Kruger. Kruger later recognised him as Dr. von Nostrand in "The Strike". Kramer used the name Martin von Nostrand (without the "doctor" prefix) while auditioning for the role of himself on the show Jerry in "The Pilot, Part 1". Kramer posed as Professor Peter von Nostrand in "The Nose Job" in order to retrieve his jacket from another man's apartment.

Kramer was also referred to as "Assman" in reference to the license plate the state of New Yorkmarker accidentally gave him in "The Fusilli Jerry". Occasionally, he is called "the K-Man" ("The Barber", "The Bizarro Jerry", "The Busboy", "The Hamptonsmarker" and "The Soup Nazi").

A derogatory designation for Kramer has been "hipster doofus", a moniker assigned to him by a woman in a wheelchair he once dated in the episode "The Handicap Spot", and occasionally directed at him by Elaine, as in "The Glasses". The nickname was first used in The Atlantic Monthly review of Seinfeld.


The Seinfeld cast was placed sixth on Bravo's 100 Greatest TV Characters.


Explanatory notes
  1. As stated in "The Alternate Side", and according to, Jerry lives at 129 West 81st Street.
  2. In "The Keys", "5B" is seen on Kramer's door (about 10 minutes from the start).


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