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Cottage Grove is a city in Lane Countymarker, Oregonmarker, United Statesmarker. It received its name from its first postmaster, G. C. Pierce, in September 1861. Pierce's home at the time was in an oak grove. The population was 8,445 at the 2000 census. The 2007 estimate is 9,345 residents.

History

The first white settlers came to Cottage Grove in 1848 via the Oregon Trail and then the Applegate Trail. Until that time, only the Kalapuya Indians occupied the southern territory of the Willamette Valley. The first Post Office was established in the house of Greenbery C. Pearce, who lived near Creswellmarker, in 1855. As was common in Oregon pioneer days, post offices for locations would move with each new postmaster, and it wasn't until the later 1860s that the Cottage Grove post office arrived at its final location, in the extreme southwest of present day Cottage Grove. When the Southern Pacific Railroad built their line through the area, they built their station more than half a mile to the northeast of the post office, starting a bitter neighborhood disagreement. Since the inhabitants near the post office would not allow it to be moved next to the railroad station, a post office was established near the station, called Lemati, after the Chinook word lemiti for mountain. In 1887, Cottage Grove was incorporated as a city, but the eastern community still used the name Lemati intermittently until both communities were merged in 1898.

In 1863, gold was discovered in what became known as the Bohemia mining district on the Calapooya Dividemarker southeast of the town, which was named after James "Bohemia" Johnson. Gold mining activities died down in the 1920s. In 1926, Buster Keaton's The General was filmed in Cottage Grove and the surrounding countryside. The movie included a spectacular locomotive crash and the wrecked train became a minor tourist attraction until it was dismantled for scrap during World War II. The 1973 movie Emperor of the North Pole was filmed in and around Cottage Grove, as were parts of the 1978 movie Animal House. The 25th anniversary of Animal House's release was celebrated by the citizens with a toga party on August 30, 2003, on Main Street. Main Street is where the climactic parade sequence from the movie was filmed. Portions of the movie Stand By Me were filmed along the railroad tracks east of Cottage Grove, which are now the Row River National Recreation Trail, a bicycle and walking trail.

In May 1994, Cottage Grove was one of four Oregon cities to pass a law promoted by the Oregon Citizens Alliance denying discrimination protection to gays and lesbians. This vote and the events leading up to it are profiled in the book, The Stranger Next Door: The Story of a Small Community's Battle Over Sex, Faith, and Civil Rights by Arlene Stein. Cottage Grove the town referred to in the book using the pseudonym "Timbertown".

Cottage Grove is also known as the Covered Bridge Capital of Oregon. Seven covered bridges are located in or around Cottage Grove. The only existing covered railroad bridge west of the Mississippi River, the National Register of Historic Places-listed Chambers Railroad Bridgemarker is located in Cottage Grove. The City of Cottage Grove has secured ownership of the Chambers Railroad Bridge and is seeking funding to restore it.

Cottage Grove has been awarded the All-America City Award from the National Civic League twice, in 1968 and 2004.

Cottage Grove is home to 21 murals located throughout downtown that reflect the history of the community.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.6 km²), of which, 3.3 square miles (8.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.60%) is water.

Cottage Grove lies at the confluence of the Row River and the Coast Fork Willamette River. This confluence effectively marks the southern end of the Willamette Valley.

Demographics

Centennial Bridge and Veterans Memorial
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,445 people, 3,264 households, and 2,183 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,561.6 people per square mile (988.1/km²). There were 3,430 housing units at an average density of 1,040.4/sq mi (401.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.84% White, 0.15% African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 3.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.94% of the population.

There were 3,264 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,442, and the median income for a family was $37,457. Males had a median income of $30,775 versus $23,485 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,550. About 15.6% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Air



See also



References

  1. PSU:Population Research Center
  2. Drake, Monica, "Fanning a Firestorm of Hate in 'Timbertown'", The Oregonian, April 8 2001


External links




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