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The Council of Rome was a meeting of Catholic Church officials and theologians which took place in 382 under the authority of Pope Damasus I. The previous year, the Emperor Theodosius I had appointed the "dark horse" candidate Nectarius Archbishop of Constantinople. The bishops of the West opposed the election result and asked for a common synod of East and West to settle the succession of the see of Constantinople, and so the Emperor Theodosius, soon after the close of the First Council of Constantinople in 381, summoned the Imperial bishops to a fresh synod at Constantinople; nearly all of the same bishops who had attended the earlier second council were assembled again in early summer of 382. On arrival they received a letter from the synod of Milanmarker, inviting them to a great general council at Romemarker; they indicated that they must remain where they were, because they had not made any preparations for such long a journey; however, they sent three—Syriacus, Eusebius, and Priscian—with a joint synodal letter to Pope Damasus, Ambrose, archbishop of Milan, and the other bishops assembled in the council at Rome.

The Roman synod to which this letter was addressed was the fifth under Damasus. No formal account remains of its proceedings, nor of how its members treated the question of Nectarius. Theodosius did, however, send commissioners to Rome in support of his synod.

This historical synod at Rome gained additional importance long afterwards. According to a document appended to some manuscripts of the so-called Decretum Gelasianum or "Gelasian Decretal" and given separately in others, at this council the authority of the Old and New Testament canon would have been affirmed in a decretal. The document was first connected to this council of Rome in 1794, when Fr. Faustino Arevalo (1747-1824), the editor of Coelius Sedulius, expressed his theory that the first three of the five chapters of the Decretum were really the decrees of a Roman council held a century earlier than Gelasius, under Damasus, in 382.

Arevalo's conclusions were widely accepted, and the text of these first three chapters, given the title of "The Roman Council under Damasus" have often been reprinted. On this theory the so-called "Damasine List" would be the earliest Western list of the Biblical canon promulgated by a council, two years earlier than the publication of the first installment of the Latin Vulgate.

The Damasine list

The "Damasine list", issued by Pope Damasus I at the council, is as follows:

It is likewise decreed: Now, indeed, we must treat of the divine Scriptures: what the universal Catholic Church accepts and what she must shun.
The list of the Old Testament begins: Genesis, one book; Exodus, one book: Leviticus, one book;Numbers, one book; Deuteronomy, one book; Jesus Nave, one book; of Judges, one book; Ruth, one book; of Kings, four books [[[Books of Samuel|First and Second Books of Kings]], [[Books of Kings|Third and Fourth Books of Kings]]]''; [[Books of Chronicles|Paralipomenon]], two books; One Hundred and Fifty [[Book of Psalms|Psalms]], one book; of Solomon, three books: [[Book of Proverbs|Proverbs]], one book; [[Ecclesiastes]], one book; [[Song of Songs|Canticle of Canticles]], one book; likewise, [[Book of Wisdom|Wisdom]], one book; [[Ecclesiasticus]] (Sirach), one book;
Likewise, the list of the Prophets: Isaiah, one book; Jeremias, one book; along with Cinoth, that is, his Lamentations; Ezechiel, one book; Daniel, one book; Osee, one book; Amos, one book; Micheas, one book; Joel, one book; Abdias, one book; Jonas, one book; Nahum, one book; Habacuc, one book; Sophonias, one book; Aggeus, one book; Zacharias, one book; Malachias, one book.
Likewise, the list of histories: Job, one book; Tobias, one book; Esdras, two books; Esther, one book; Judith, one book; of Maccabees, two books.
Likewise, the list of the Scriptures of the [[New Testament|New and Eternal Testament]], which the holy and Catholic Church receives: of the [[Gospel]]s, one [[Gospel of Matthew|book]] according to [[Matthew]], one [[Gospel of Mark|book]] according to [[Mark the Evangelist|Mark]], one [[Gospel of Luke|book]] according to [[Luke]], one [[Gospel of John|book]] according to [[John the Evangelist|John]]. The [[Pauline epistles|Epistles of the Apostle Paul]], fourteen in number: one to the [[Epistle to the Romans|Romans]], one to the [[First Epistle to the Corinthians|Corinthians]] ''[[[Second Epistle to the Corinthians|2 Corinthians]] is not mentioned]'', one to the [[Epistle to the Ephesians|Ephesians]], two to the Thessalonians ''[[[First Epistle to the Thessalonians]] and [[Second Epistle to the Thessalonians]]]'', one to the [[Epistle to the Galatians|Galatians]], one to the [[Epistle to the Philippians|Philippians]], one to the [[Epistle to the Colossians|Colossians]], two to Timothy ''[[[First Epistle to Timothy]] and [[Second Epistle to Timothy]]]'', one to [[Epistle to Titus|Titus]], one to [[Epistle to Philemon|Philemon]], one to the [[Epistle to the Hebrews|Hebrews]].
Likewise, one [[Book of Revelation|book of the Apocalypse]] of [[John of Patmos|John]]. And the [[Acts of the Apostles]], one book.
Likewise, the canonical [[Epistle]]s, seven in number: of the [[Saint Peter|Apostle Peter]], two Epistles ''[[[First Epistle of Peter]] and [[Second Epistle of Peter]]]''; of the [[James the Just|Apostle James]], one [[Epistle of James|Epistle]]; of the [[John the Apostle|Apostle John]], one [[First Epistle of John|Epistle]]; of the other [[John the Presbyter|John]], a [[Presbyter]], two Epistles ''[[[Second Epistle of John]] and [[Third Epistle of John]]]; of the Apostle Jude the Zealot, one Epistle.
Thus concludes the canon of the New Testament.

Likewise it is decreed: After the announcement of all of these prophetic and evangelic or as well as apostolic writings which we have listed above as Scriptures, on which, by the grace of God, the Catholic Church is founded, we have considered that it ought to be announced that although all the Catholic Churches spread abroad through the world comprise but one bridal chamber of Christ, nevertheless, the holy Roman Church has been placed at the forefront not by the conciliar decisions of other Churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: "You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you shall have bound on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you shall have loosed on earth shall be loosed in heaven."


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