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The Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 (7 & 8 Vict. c. 61), which came to effect in 20 October 1844, was an act of Parliament of the United Kingdommarker which eliminated many outliers or exclaves of counties in England and Wales for civil purposes.

The areas involved had already been reorganised for some purposes: The Reform Act 1832 had abolished the outliers for parliamentary constituencies, the Counties Act 1839 allowed Justices of the Peace to act for exclaves surrounded by their county, and constabularies established under County Police Act 1839 had jurisdiction over detached parts of other counties.

The text of the act read:

The Act went on to state that the parts transferred would be incorporated in an existing "hundred, wapentake, rape, lathe or other like divisions unless the Justices of the County declare it to be a new hundred or division."

The Act itself did not list the areas transferred; these had already been detailed in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 & 3 Will. IV, c. 64).

Areas transferred

The Act affected twenty-seven counties. The largest changes were to County Durham, which lost large areas to Northumberlandmarker, as well as a single parish to Yorkshiremarker. By no means all detached areas were changed: seven counties still had exclaves. Many of these outlying parts changed their administration with in the 1890s following the passing of the Local Government Act 1894. Large detached blocks of Warwickshiremarker and Worcestershire interspersed with Gloucestershiremarker remained until 1931, while Flintshiremarker retained two exclaves until 1974 — a large one (the Maelor Saesneg area) east of Wrexhammarker in Denbighshire and a single parish exclave (Marford & Hoseley) north of Wrexham.

Bedfordshire

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Berkshire

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Buckinghamshire

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Cornwallmarker

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Denbighshire

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Derbyshiremarker

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Devonmarker

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Dorsetmarker

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County Durham

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Gloucestershiremarker

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Hampshire

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Herefordshiremarker

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Hertfordshiremarker

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Huntingdonshiremarker

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Monmouthshiremarker

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Montgomeryshiremarker

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Northamptonshiremarker

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Northumberlandmarker

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Oxfordshire

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Shropshiremarker



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Somersetmarker

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Staffordshire

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Sussex

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Warwickshiremarker

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Wiltshiremarker

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Worcestershire

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Yorkshiremarker, North Riding

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Sources

  • Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844, 7 & 8 Vict. c. 61, London


  • Moule, Thomas (1836) Moule's English Counties in the 19th Century, London : Simpkin & Marshall, republished (1990) as The County Maps of Old England by Thomas Moule, London : Studio Editions Ltd, ISBN 1-85170-403-5


  • Youngs, Frederic A. (1979) Guide to the local administrative units of England, Vol. 1: Southern England, Royal Historical Society, Guides and handbooks no. 10., London : University College, ISBN 0-901050-67-9


  • Youngs, Frederic A. (1991) Guide to the local administrative units of England, Vol. 2: Northern England, Royal Historical Society, Guides and handbooks no. 17., London : University College, ISBN 0-86193-127-0



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