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The judeţe (translated in English as "counties") are administrative units of Romaniamarker.

As of 2008, Romaniamarker is divided into 41 counties and one municipality.

History

The 71 counties of Romania between 1927 and 1938


The earliest organization into "judeţe" was in the 15th century and each judeţ was ruled by a "jude", a person who had administrative and judicial functions. The modern administrative division into "judeţe" was done during the 19th century using the French departments system as an example: for each judeţ there exists a "prefect", who is the representative of the central government to the county and the head of the local administration. Until 1948 each "judeţ" was divided into a number of "plăşi" (singular "plasă"), with each administered by a "pretor" (from the Latin "praetor"), named by the "prefect". There were 71 judeţe between 1927 and 1938.

In 1938, King Carol II modified the Constitution, and after that the law of administration of the Romanian territory. It resulted 10 "ţinuturi" (approx. translation: "lands"), ruled by "Rezidenţi Regali" (approx. translation "Royal Residents"), appointed directly by the King. Due to World War II, the Second Vienna Award, the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact and the loss of territory that Romaniamarker suffered, this style of administration did not last long, the "judeţe" being reintroduced, until the rise of communism, in 1948.

The Communist party changed it to the Russian model (in raions), but it reverted to the current system (in 1968). In 1981 the former counties of Ilfov and Ialomiţa were re-organised into the present-day counties of Giurgiu, Călăraşi, Ialomiţa and Ilfov. Until 1995 Ilfov was not a proper county, but instead a dependency of Bucharest ("Sectorul Agricol Ilfov").NUTS in 1990's.

Current list

County

County seat

Development region

Code



Postal code



Area code



NUTS
code


Population

(2006)

Area

(km2)


Map

Alba

Alba Iuliamarker

Centermarker AB 51 58 RO121 378,614 6,242
Arad

Aradmarker

Westmarker AR 31 57 RO421 458,487 7,754
Argeş

Piteştimarker

South-Munteniamarker AG 11 48 RO311 644,590 6,862
Bacău

Bacăumarker

North-Eastmarker BC 60 34 RO211 721,411 6,621
Bihor

Oradeamarker

North-Westmarker BH 41 66 RO111 594,982 7,544
Bistriţa-Năsăud

Bistriţamarker

North-Westmarker BN 42 63 RO112 317,685 5,355
Botoşani

Botoşanimarker

North-Eastmarker BT 71 31 RO212 456,765 4,986
Braşov

Braşovmarker

Centermarker BV 50 68 RO122 595,758 5,363
Brăila

Brăilamarker

South-Eastmarker BR 81 39 RO221 367,661 4,766
Bucureştimarker

(Municipality of Bucharest) Bucharest-Ilfovmarker B 01–06 1x RO321 1,931,236 228
Buzău

Buzăumarker

South-Eastmarker BZ 12 38 RO222 490,981 6,103
Caraş-Severin

Reşiţamarker

Westmarker CS 32 55 RO422 330,517 8,514
Călăraşi

Călăraşimarker

South-Munteniamarker CL 91 42 RO312 316,294 5,088
Cluj

Cluj-Napocamarker

North-Westmarker CJ 40 64 RO113 689,523 6,674
Constanţa

Constanţamarker

South-Eastmarker CT 90 41 RO223 716,576 7,071
Covasna

Sfântu Gheorghemarker

Centermarker CV 52 67 RO123 223,750 3,710
Dâmboviţa

Târgoviştemarker

South-Munteniamarker DB 13 45 RO313 535,087 4,054
Dolj

Craiovamarker

South-West Olteniamarker DJ 20 51 RO411 715,989 7,414
Galaţi

Galaţimarker

South-Eastmarker GL 80 36 RO224 617,979 4,466
Giurgiu

Giurgiumarker

South-Munteniamarker GR 08 46 RO314 284,501 3,526
Gorj

Târgu Jiumarker

South-West Olteniamarker GJ 21 53 RO412 383,557 5,602
Harghitamarker

Miercurea Ciucmarker

Centermarker HR 53 66 RO124 326,347 6,639
Hunedoara

Devamarker

Westmarker HD 33 54 RO423 477,259 7,063
Ialomiţa

Sloboziamarker

South-Munteniamarker IL 92 43 RO315 291,178 4,453
Iaşi

Iaşimarker

North-Eastmarker IS 70 32 RO213 824,083 5,476
Ilfov

Bufteamarker

Bucharest-Ilfovmarker IF 07 1x RO322 288,296 1,583
Maramureşmarker

Baia Maremarker

North-Westmarker MM 43 62 RO114 515,313 6,304
Mehedinţi

Drobeta-Turnu Severinmarker

South-West Olteniamarker MH 22 52 RO413 301,515 4,933
Mureş

Târgu Mureşmarker

Centermarker MS 54 65 RO125 583,210 6,714
Neamţ

Piatra Neamţmarker

North-Eastmarker NT 61 33 RO214 567,908 5,896
Olt

Slatinamarker

South-West Olteniamarker OT 23 49 RO414 479,323 5,498
Prahova

Ploieştimarker

South-Munteniamarker PH 10 44 RO316 823,509 4,716
Satu Mare

Satu Maremarker

North-Westmarker SM 44 61 RO115 367,677 4,418
Sălaj

Zalăumarker

North-Westmarker SJ 45 60 RO116 244,952 3,864
Sibiu

Sibiumarker

Centermarker SB 55 69 RO126 423,119 5,432
Suceava

Suceavamarker

North-Eastmarker SV 72 30 RO215 705,730 8,553
Teleormanmarker

Alexandriamarker

South-Munteniamarker TR 14 47 RO317 417,183 5,790
Timiş

Timişoaramarker

Westmarker TM 30 56 RO424 660,966 8,697
Tulcea

Tulceamarker

South-Eastmarker TL 82 40 RO225 251,614 8,499
Vaslui

Vasluimarker

North-Eastmarker VS 73 35 RO216 456,686 5,318
Vâlcea

Râmnicu Vâlceamarker

South-West Olteniamarker VL 24 50 RO415 413,511 5,765
Vrancea

Focşanimarker

South-Eastmarker VN 62 37 RO226 393,023 4,857


Notes

References

  1. These are the usual abbreviations in use and coincide with the license plate ones; they also correspond to the ISO 3166-2:RO codes.
  2. The postal code format is of the type "xxyzw", where xx indicate the county, while y, z, and w indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address.
  3. http://www.coduripostale.com/cgi-bin/coduri_postale.cgi
  4. Phone numbers are of the type "+40-abb-ccc-cccc, where 40 is the country code, bb is the area code, and a is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks.
  5. http://www.anrcti.ro/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=1501
  6. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:061:0001:0005:EN:PDF
  7. http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/pdf/ro/cap2.pdf Anuarul statistic al României 2007 - Populaţia


See also




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