An aerial view of the Farmington
Country Club in Charlottesville, Virginia
A country club
is a private club
and it may have a closed membership. Most offer a
variety of recreational sports
are located in city outskirts or rural areas.. Activities may
include, for example, any of golf
. An athletic
is a similar but is usually located within an
setting, which may exclude certain
activities such as golf or traditional polo. On the other hand,
rock climbing practice or a martial art may be available. A country
club will usually provide hospitality to members and guests such as
a restaurant and bar, and may also provide suitable accommodations
for host-catered events, such as weddings.
A golf club is a private club organized to play golf
. A golf club usually has its own golf course
. The most exclusive golf clubs have
extensive facilities, such as a restaurant, bar, and swimming pool
for its members. Membership is usually by annual subscription
. Sometimes the club expects its
member to buy stock and has monthly food and beverage purchase
The golf course at the Congressional
Country Club in the US state of Maryland
A tennis club is a private club organized to play tennis
. Tennis instruction is normally included,
along with tournaments, and the club has its own tennis courts
. Tennis clubs often have tennis
pros who teach the members. Some tennis clubs have on-site tennis
retail and repair facilities, where members can purchase balls,
rackets, and clothes, and have rackets restrung.
The Riviera Country Club, Golf Course
in Pacific Palisades, California
Country clubs can be exclusive organizations. In small towns,
membership in the country club is often not as exclusive or
expensive as in larger cities where there is competition for a
limited number of memberships. In addition to the fees, some clubs
have additional requirements to join. For example, membership can
be limited to those who reside in a particular housing community.
Historically, many country clubs refused to admit members of
minority racial groups, such as African Americans
, Asian Americans
, and non-white Hispanic Americans
, as well as members
with specific faiths, such as Jewish
individuals. In many
jurisdictions, such discriminatory requirements are now prohibited,
but in others, such policies are still legal or are subject to
specific circumstances. In some cases, lawsuits have forced clubs
to drop discriminatory policies.
example, in 1990 professional golfer Tom Watson resigned from the Kansas City
Country Club in Mission Hills, Kansas, in protest
after local businessman and civic leader Henry Bloch was denied membership.
Watson believed the club denied Bloch because he was Jewish.
Although Watson is not Jewish, his then-wife and children are.
After Watson's nationally-publicized protest, Bloch was offered a
membership, which he accepted. Watson rejoined the club in 1995.
Since that time The Kansas City Country Club has accepted several
minority and Jewish members. The Augusta National Golf Club, where the Masters Tournament is played, is one of the best-known clubs that does
not admit women.
In September 2008 Katon Dawson
left Forest Lake Club after a
twelve year membership because it still has a whites-only
restriction. In addition, country club membership tends to be
self-selective and people often choose to join clubs where they can
associate with people from similar socio-economic and cultural
Kingdom, most exclusive country clubs are simply golf
clubs, and play a smaller role in their communities than American
country clubs; gentlemen's clubs in
Britain—many of which admit women while remaining socially
exclusive—fill many roles of the United States' country
The issue of male-only clubs does, however, sometimes
arouse controversy. In the United States, the term "Gentlemen's club" is generally a
euphemism for a strip club.
Country clubs exist in multiple forms, including athletic based
clubs and golf clubs. Notable examples are the Breakfast Point Country Club in
Sydney, Castle Hill
Country Club, The Gold Coast Polo &
Country Club and the Sanctuary Cove's Country