The first comites
) of Toulouse
administrators of the city and its environs under the Merovingians
. No succession of such royal
appointees is known, though a few names survive to the present.
With the Carolingians
, the appointments
(of both counts and duces
, dukes) become more regular and
better-known, though the office soon fell out of the orbit of the
royal court and became hereditary.
hereditary Counts of Toulouse ruled the city of
Toulouse and its
surrounding county from the late 9th century until 1270.
and other family members were also at various times counts of
Albi, and Nîmes, and
margraves of Gothia and Provence.
Also, Raymond IV founded the
, and his descendants were counts
As a successor state for the Visigothic Kingdom
(along with Aquitania
) inherited the Visigothic Law
and Roman Law which had combined to allow women more rights then
their contemporaries would enjoy until the 20th century.
Particularly with the Liber
as codified 642/643 and expanded on in the Code of
Recceswinth in 653, women could inherit land and title and manage
it independently from their husbands or male relations, dispose of
their property in legal wills if they had no heirs, and women could
represent themselves and bear witness in court by age 14 and
arrange for their own marriages by age 20. As a consequence,
practiced succession law for the nobility.
- :It had long been thought that he was succeeded directly by
William III. However, recent research suggests adding at
least one and probably three previously overlooked counts.
That two were named Raymond has resulted in conflicting
numbering systems, but most historians continue to use the
traditional numbering for later Raymonds.
House of Toulouse, junior branch
At that point Toulouse passed to the Crown of France, by the terms
of the Treaty of Meaux
In 1681, Toulouse was resurrected as a royal appanage
He was an illegitimate son of Louis and his longest serving
marquise de Montespan
MacCarthy Reagh of Spring House
Justin MacCarthy Reagh (1744-1811),
Spring House, Bansha, County
Tipperary, of the
princely House of Carbery of the Irish
Eóganachta dynasty, was made Count
of Toulouse by Louis XVI.
He was succeeded in the title by his son, Robert Joseph MacCarthy
(1770-1827), Aide de Camp to the Prince De Condi. His son in turn,
Justin-Marie-Laurent-Robert (1811-1861) succeeded as the 3rd Count
MacCarthy of Toulouse. The 4th and finalCount MacCarthy was
Nicholas Francis Joseph (1833-1906), first cousin of the 3rd Count.
The male line then became extinct on the death without issue of
- Genty, Roger. Les Comtes de Toulouse: Histoire et
Traditions. Editions de Poliphile, 1987.
- Brémond, Alphonse, Nobiliaire toulousain. Bonnal et Gibrac. 1863.