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CountyWatch is a direct action group in the United Kingdommarker that was set up in 2004 to remove what they consider to be wrongly-placed county boundary signs that do not mark the historic or ancient county boundaries of England and Wales. Since 2005, Count Nikolai Tolstoy has been Patron of CountyWatch. CountyWatch and its supporters claim to have removed, re-sited or erected 80 county boundary signs in Dorsetmarker, County Durham, Greater Manchestermarker, Hampshire, Lancashiremarker, Lincolnshiremarker, North Yorkshire, Somersetmarker and Warwickshiremarker.

A prominent member of the group is Anthony Bennett, a British politician. In May 2002 Bennett was prosecuted for removing 29 road metric road signs which he claimed were illegal, and that he was preventing the law from being broken. He buried the signs in four locations under bushes. Initially found guilty of theft and criminal damage, his theft conviction was overturned in October 2002, on appeal. The judge stated that, "there was no evidence of dishonesty or that he intended to permanently deprive the owners of their signs." His conviction for criminal damage was upheld, however the Judge discharged the sentence, which had been 50 hours of community service.


CountyWatch sees the abolition of democratically-elected county councils in the UK as part of a long-term project to weaken the constituent nations of Europe, notably the UK, and to concentrate power at two levels: Brusselsmarker (the European Commissionmarker) and the "regions" within countries. CountyWatch believe in taking direct action within the law to counter aspects of this project.

There have been similar illegal acts before. The former county of Humberside was extremely unpopular with its residents. The book The Fight for Yorkshire by Michael Bradford detailed a series of cases where signs were altered to read "East Riding of Yorkshire" in North Humberside. None of these acts were ever prosecuted and in 1996 Humberside was abolished.

Direct action


In August 2007, CountyWatch took its campaign to Bedfordshire, where in November 2006, Bedfordshire County Council erected four signs on the main roads on the north, west and south sides out of Lutonmarker proclaiming 'Welcome to Bedfordshire'. Lutonmarker is the largest town within the historic and ceremonial county of Bedfordshire. Some letter writers still address mail to "Luton Beds". And some organisations based in Luton, such as the University of Bedfordshire, include 'Bedfordshire' as part of their address. In 1996 the Royal Mail stopped using Postal Counties as a method of sorting mail, instead they began to use the post code. However, they have a "flexible addressing policy" whereby historic counties can be used. Luton became a unitary authority on 1 April 1997. Bedfordshire County Council no longer runs any services in the area covered by Luton Borough Council.

The County Council only erected the signs in November 2006 when they became engaged in a struggle to save Bedfordshire County Council from extinction, against rival bids from the Borough of Bedfordmarker to become a unitary Borough Council and from Mid Bedfordshiremarker and South Bedfordshire Councils to become another unitary authority, to be called Central Bedfordshire.

The signs were unpopular with some Luton residents, some of whom called the signs, "snooty". Bedfordshire County Council responded by saying, "Luton has been a unitary authority since 1997 and is therefore not part of Bedfordshire. In July 2007, the government announced that Bedfordshire County Council would be abolished in 2010.

On 9 August 2007, CountyWatch removed four Welcome to Bedfordshire signs from Luton, claming they were misleading to the public. One sign was removed from the B653 to Wheathampsteadmarker and re-erected on the A505 near Stopsleymarker in front of a Welcome to Luton sign. The other three signs were removed from the A6, the A505 and the B579. CountyWatch claimed these were being stored at a secure location, and added that the signs would be returned to the County Council, if they were re-sited on what CountyWatch deem to be the true Bedfordshire boundaries. The County Council responded by stating that, "This is absolutely crazy. We are proud of our county and we like to ensure that visitors are given a warm welcome. The signs on the edge of Luton mark the boundaries of their responsibilities and the beginnings of ours."


In April 2006 the group set up "Royal County of Berkshire" signs on the ancient border between Berkshire and Oxfordshire. The signs were quickly removed. The Mayor of Abingdonmarker, once the county town of Berkshire, now administered by Oxfordshire County Council, said "I still get letters addressed to me with Abingdon, Berkshire, and many older people still have allegiances." The Mayor of Wantagemarker, however noted, "I think Count Tolstoy and his supporters are living in the past. They need to face reality. I know there are many older people in Wantage who still think of themselves as Berkshire people, but the reality is that time has moved on and we can't go backwards." The Mayor of Faringdon said that "Faringdon should stay in Oxfordshire" noting that "when we were in Berkshire, County hall in Reading was so far away. It's much better for us to get into Oxford.".

Dorset and Hampshire border

On 10 November 2005, Tony Bennett removed a Dorsetmarker sign from Chewton Bunny at Highcliffemarker and moved it to its historic location at the original County Gates border between Bournemouthmarker and Poolemarker, claiming that while Bournemouth and neighbouring Christchurchmarker had been administered by Dorset County Council for the past 30 years they remained historically Hampshire towns.


In May 2006 CountyWatch announced that it has been contacted by Durham residents who were unhappy that Durham County Council had recently relocated signs from the historic boundary between Durhammarker and Yorkshire and relocated them to the Darlington boundary, they would be travelling around Durham looking to see whether signs were on what they consider to be the correct, true border. And that they would remove County Durham signs from the border with the unitary authority of Darlingtonmarker to the historic, and current ceremonial, border with North Yorkshire on the River Teesmarker on 25 May 2006, and re-erect them on suitable posts along the River Tees.

The BBC and Tyne Tees Television filmed CountyWatch removing the boundary signs at Royal Oakmarker. Twelve signs with, "County Durham: Land of the Prince Bishops" were removed. Three of them were re-erected along the historic border between Yorkshire and Durhammarker – the River Tees, also the current ceremonial border. The Council were informed by CountyWatch of the location of the other signs they removed. Durham County Council issued a statement saying that CountyWatch's actions were "nothing more than sheer vandalism, no less mindless or anti-social than smashing bus stops or phone boxes".

On 31 May 2006 an article in The Northern Echo newspaper praised the group's actions, calling the council's statement "a trifle wide of the mark" and ended the article - "Carry on CountyWatch".

Greater Manchester

On 28 May 2006, Tony Bennett was arrested on the Tameside/Oldhammarker borough boundary and taken to Ashton-under-Lynemarker police station for questioning, on suspicion of causing criminal damage to a road sign in Saddleworthmarker by changing the top part of it to read 'West Riding of Yorkshire' instead of 'Oldham Metropolitan Borough'. Saddleworth is now administered as part of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldhammarker, in Greater Manchestermarker, but was previously administered as part of the West Riding of Yorkshire before 1974 local government reforms. Derek Norman, Chairman of CountyWatch, reacted to the arrest by saying: "It is a total disgrace". Bennett was later released without charge.

On 24 July 2007, 14 months after being arrested and after being re-bailed nine times, Greater Manchester Police wrote to Mr Bennett stating that the Police, after taking advice from the Crown Prosecution Service, were taking no action due to 'insufficient evidence'.


In November 2005 CountyWatch removed over thirty 'Welcome to Lancashire' signs from Blackburn, Blackpool, Skelmersdale and Southport, placing all of them on the historic Lancashire/Yorkshire border at Blackomarker near Nelsonmarker, where they telephoned the Council's Solicitor. Lancashire County Council reacted by stating that "the cost of replacing the signs would be met from taxpayers' money." and also that it would be speaking to the police about the group. The Welcome to Lancashire signs were erected on the boundaries with Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool unitary authorities by the county council in 2004 to show where its services begin. CountyWatch responded stating that, "The sign says 'Welcome to Lancashire', it doesn't say 'Welcome to the administrative unit of Lancashire County Council - that would be all right." The signs which were dumped by the side of the A682 in Blacko, near to the historic border with Yorkshire, were recovered by Lancashire County Council who stated that they would re-erect them.

CountyWatch also claimed to have removed the larger brown-coloured motorway signs on the M6, M66 and M61 which read "Welcome to Lancashire the Red Rose County". They also claimed that they had a legal right to remove signs under the section 131 of the Highways Act 1980 because "they misinform the public". The CountyWatch Secretary, Tony Bennett, was asked to attend Blackburnmarker Police station. He did so on 22 November but was not charged.

The groups actions were filmed by the BBC North West region. When it was reported on BBC North West Tonight, the newsroom received a large number of telephone calls and e-mails, 90% of which favoured CountyWatch's actions.

On 7 December 2005, on the BBC Radio 4 You & Yours programme Tony Bennett was asked "What is your defence?" regarding his recent boundary activity in Lancashiremarker and North Yorkshire. Lancashire Labour Councillors were reported as 'seeing red' over Mr Bennett and CountyWatch activity but some supported his action.


On 27 July 2005 the group were featured on the BBC TV Look North regional news programme, filmed in the act of removing a "Welcome to the County of Lincolnshire" sign near Briggmarker. Lincolnshire County Council Area Highways Manager Eric Jorgensen described the group as "self-appointed and unelected" and stated that taxpayers would be forced to pay for the signs to be resited.

On 22 September 2005 CountyWatch removed ten road signs stating: "Welcome to the County of Lincolnshire" between Briggmarker and Imminghammarker which the group claimed there was no point in putting up a welcome sign 15 miles into the historic county. CountyWatch claimed, "Lincolnshire starts where Yorkshire finishes – not 20 miles into Lincolnshire. We want them erected on the proper boundary." Lincolnshire County Council however attacked the group for taking council property and said "it will cost the taxpayer to put the signs back up". The signs were deposited at a council depot after being removed.


In August 2004, CountyWatch first action was the removal of five signs saying 'Welcome to the County of Somerset', on the northern border of the non-metropolitan county of Somersetmarker with either Bath and North East Somerset or North Somerset. The signs were taken down by CountyWatch members and relocated on the historic borders of Somersetmarker with neighbouring historic counties Gloucestershiremarker and Wiltshiremarker.


On two separate occasions, in 2006 and 2007, CountyWatch activists have removed signs saying 'Welcome to Warwickshiremarker - Shakespeare's County', which are found on most of the exit roads from Coventrymarker, a city within the historic county boundaries of Warwickshiremarker no longer administered by Warwickshire County Councilmarker.

Nine new local authorities

On 25 July 2007 the Local Government Minister, John Healey from the Department for Communities and Local Government announced that nine all-purpose local authorities would be created in 2009 in England.

CountyWatch see this as the next phase of attempts to replace the administration of England and Wales by county and district councils with a series of so-called 'unitary' authorities, which combine the administrative functions of both district councils and county councils. Region-wide functions will be carried out by Regional Development Agencies and new government quangos, following the announcement earlier in the month of the abolition of unlected Regional Assemblies from 2010.

See also


  1. Tony Bennett, "The Counties" Association of British Counties newsletter, Spring 2006
  2. The Fight for Yorkshire, Michael Bradford, Hutton Press, Beverley, 1988

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