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County Tyrone ( , Ulster Scots: Coontie Owenslann) is one of the traditional counties of Ireland. It is located within the province of Ulster and is part of Northern Irelandmarker.

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 square miles) Tyrone is the seventh largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and eighth largest in terms of population. It is the second largest of Ulster’s 9 counties in size and fourth largest in terms of population.

Name

The name Tyrone is derived . This Eógan was son of king Niall of the Nine Hostages, and brother of Conall Gulban, who gave his name to the kingdom of Tír Chonaill.

History

Historically Tyrone stretched as far north as Lough Foylemarker, and comprised part of modern day County Londonderry east of the River Foylemarker. The majority of County Londonderry was carved out of Tyrone between 1610-1620 when that land went to the Guilds of London to set up profit making schemes based on natural resources located there. Tyrone was the traditional stronghold of the various O'Neill clans and families, the strongest of the Gaelic Irish families in Ulster, surviving into the seventeenth century. The ancient principality of Tir-Owen, the inheritance of the O'Neills, included the whole of the present counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the two baronies of Inishowenmarker and Raphoemarker in County Donegalmarker.

Geography

With an area of 3,155 square kilometres (1,218 square miles), Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland. The flat peatlands of East Tyrone borders the shoreline of the largest lake in Ireland, Lough Neaghmarker, rising gradually across to the more mountainous terrain in the west of the county, the area surrounding the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point being Sawel Mountainmarker at a height of 678 m (2,224 ft). The length of the county, from the mouth of the River Blackwater at Lough Neagh to the western point near Carrickaduff hill is 55 miles. The breadth, from the southern corner, southeast of Fivemiletownmarker, to the northeastern corner near Meenard Mountain is 37.5 miles; giving an area of 1,260 square miles (in 1900). Annaghone lays claim to be the geographical centre of Northern Ireland.

Demography

It is one of four counties in Northern Ireland which presently has a majority of the population from a Catholic community background, according to the 2001 census. In 1900 County Tyrone had a population of 197,719, while in 2001 it was 166,516.

Settlements

Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)

Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)

Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)

Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)

Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)

Sport



People

Notable residents of County Tyrone have included:

See also



References

  1. The Tyrone GAA team have won the Ulster Senior Championship on eight occasions before the turn of the century
  • The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48, Joost Augusteijn, editor, District Inspector, Co. Tyrone, 1920s, ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4.


External links




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