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The Governorate of Courland, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland ( ; ), and Government of Courland ( ), was one of the Baltic provinces or governorate of the Russian Empiremarker, now part of the Republic of Latviamarker.

The governorate was created in 1795 out of the territory of the Duchy of Courland and Semigalliamarker that was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the province of Courland with its capital at Jelgavamarker (called Mitau at the time), following the third partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The governorate was bounded in north by the Baltic Seamarker, the Gulf of Rigamarker and the Governorate of Livonia; west by the Baltic Sea; south by the Vilna Governorate and Prussia and east by the Vitebsk Governorate and Minsk Governorate. The population in 1846 was estimated at 553,300.

It ceased to exist during the World War I after the German Empiremarker took control of the region in 1915. Russia surrendered the territory by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on March 3, 1918.

References and notes

  1. The English Cyclopaedia By Charles Knigh
  2. The Baltic States from 1914 to 1923 By LtCol Andrew Parrott


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