Cramlington is a town and civil parish in
the county of Northumberland, North East
England, situated north of the city of Newcastle upon
The town's name suggests a probable
founding by the Danes
origin, the word "ton"
meaning town. The population was estimated as 39,000 in 2004
The first record of the Manor of Cramlington is from a mention in
1135 when the land was granted to Nicholas de Grenville. A register
of early chaplains begins with John the Clerk of Cramlington
(c.1163-1180). The register continues to the present day.
From the 12th Century
onwards, its history has
been mostly rural incorporating several farms and the parish
of St. Nicholas (built at a
cost of £3,000 during 1865-1868 in the Gothic style
). During the early 19th Century
with several mine shafts in the immediate vicinity (the
first was sunk in 1824) began to change that. It remained small,
however, until 1964 when it was proclaimed a New Town
and developers such as
William Leech and J.T. Bell
developed large housing estates
. Those estates have since
been named Beaconhill, Collingwood, Eastfield, Mayfield, Nelson
Village, Shankhouse, Southfield, and Whitelea and the town has
effectively become a dormitory town
the much larger city to its south.
During World War I
, the North East of
England was protected by the No.
36 Home Defence Squadron
squadron was formed at Cramlington on 1
by Capt. R. O. Abercromby,
with Cramlington subsequently becoming an important base for
military planes and airships
. A reference
to Cramlington airfield is made in W.
book The Black Peril
from the extremely popular Biggles
There are several large industrial zones in Cramlington, most to
the town's north-west, housing major pharmaceutical companies
including Merck Sharp and
. Other growing chemical companies including Aesica
Pharmaceuticals are also present. The
menswear firm has its headquarters in
The Manor Walks shopping centre was constructed in the centre of
the town in the 1970s, and was subsequently expanded in the
mid-1990s and in 2003/4. The centre now includes retailers such as
Argos, Asda, Boots, Next and
Provisional permissions were recently given to an open cast mining
operation to the north-west
of the town, however the fine detail of how much coal
is to be extracted has yet to be agreed. As of
July 2006, it now appears mining will not go ahead.
Country Park lies just to the north of Cramlington, with the
Blyth flowing through the country park.
is served by Cramlington railway station, with services to the MetroCentre, Morpeth and Newcastle upon Tyne provided by Northern
Cramlington has an extensive bus service which is
provided by Arriva Northumbria
including a number of express services to Newcastle upon
Cramlington also has good road transport
links, being situated between the A1, A19 and A189 roads.
In common with many New Towns,
Cramlington is also notable for its many roundabouts.
September 2008, all schools in Northumberland operated under a three tier system, however,
following a decision to convert the county to a two tier system,
Cramlington was chosen as one of the first towns to complete
Prior to the closure of the area's many middle schools, some
primary schools relocated to the former middle school sites. This
will allow disused sites and land to be sold to housing developers
and other parties.
There had been concern from local residents over traffic and
parking arrangements at the new sites.
Cramlington Learning Village
In September 2008 Cramlington Community High School was renamed
Cramlington Learning Village in line with the transfer from three
to two tiers. The village has three sections: a Junior Learning
Village (for Years 7 and 8), a Senior Learning Village (for Years 9
to 11) and an Advanced Learning Village (for Years 12 and
Cramlington has a number of churches of various
Church of England
- Doxford Place Methodist Church
- Welcome Methodist Church (formerly Station Terrace Methodist
- St. Nicholas Parish Church
- St. Andrew's (a plant from St. Nicholas in the Beaconhill area
of the town)
- St. Peter's (a plant from St. Nicholas in the Northburn area of
Cramlington's main leisure centre, Concordia, is situated in the
town centre adjacent to the shopping mall and was opened by
in 1977. It consists of a leisure pool, originally designed
as an indoor tropical paradise, indoor football pitches, tennis,
badminton and squash courts, as well as a climbing wall. It also
features a gymnasium, sauna, bowling green, and bar. 2008 sees a
number of improvements to the centre to bring it in line with the
current Disability Discrimination laws in England.
As part of the new town design, the town has a large cycle path
network. A cycle route also connects the town to the nearest beach,
. As of late March 2007, Blyth Valley council
have announced that the cycle network is to be extended to allow
access to the neighbouring town of Bedlington.
village square is home to no fewer than four public houses, including the Grade II listed Blagdon Arms.
- Footballers Alan Shearer, Steven Taylor and Peter Ramage started their careers playing for
Cramlington Juniors F.C..
- Joe Brown,
football player in the 1940s and 50s, Burnley F.C. manager
- James Brown,
Hartlepool United striker was
born in Cramlington
- Jimmy Isaac, footballer in the 1930s
and 40s for Huddersfield Town,
born in Cramlington.
- Graeme Owens, winger with Middlesbrough FC was born in
- Andy Sinton, former Sheffield Wednesday and Spurs footballer was born in Cramlington
- Roger Uttley,
former England national Rugby Union player was a sports teacher at
- Gary Robson, professional
darts player born and lives in Cramlington.
- Peter Haddock, professional
football player lived in Cramlington. Most notable for playing for
Leeds United, he also played for Newcastle United and Burnley
- Revised Opencast Plans - Northumberland County
- BBC NEWS | England | Tyne | Sculpture and pit plans
- Site visits to schools as residents raise issues -
News Post Leader