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Crawford County Courthouse
Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missourimarker and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1990. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 22,804; a 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 23,970. Its county seat is Steelvillemarker. The county was organized in 1829 and is named after Georgiamarker U.S. Senator William H. Crawford.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 744 square miles (1,926 km²), of which, 743 square miles (1,923 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km²) of it (0.17%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area


Public Schools

Private Schools


As of the census of 2000, there were 22,804 people, 8,858 households, and 6,351 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 10,850 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.26% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Approximately 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,858 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,554, and the median income for a family was $45,059. Males had a median income of $28,005 versus $18,736 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,203. About 12.70% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns



Politics at the local level in Crawford County is predominantly controlled by the Republican Party. In fact, all but four of Crawford County’s elected officials are Republicans.

Office Incumbent Party
Assessor Kerry Summers Republican
Commissioner – District 1 Richard Martin Democratic
Commissioner – District 2 John Hewkin Republican
Circuit Clerk Rhonda Jurgens Republican
Clerk Connie Smith Republican
Collector Linda Branson Democratic
Coroner Paul Hutson Republican
Presiding Commissioner Ed Worley Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Sid Pearson Democratic
Public Administrator Franky Todd Republican
Recorder Sandra Cook Republican
Sheriff Randy Martin Republican
Surveyor Mark Mueller Republican
Treasurer Jessica Easler Republican


Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 46.18% 4,627 51.94% 5,204 1.88% 188
2004 57.70% 5,422 40.92% 3,845 1.38% 130
2000 52.53% 4,352 43.74% 3,624 3.73% 309
1996 44.72% 3,425 52.87% 4,049 2.42% 185

In the Missouri House of Representativesmarker, most of Crawford County is included within the 150th Legislative District and is currently represented by State Representative Jason T. Smith (R-Salemmarker). In 2008, Smith defeated Democratic challenger James D. Ellis 69.97-30.03 percent; the Crawford County precincts backed Smith with 63.98% while Ellis received 36.02% in the county. Some of the county is also included within the 111th Legislative District and is currently represented by State Representative Charles Schlottach (R-Owensvillemarker). In 2008, Schlottach defeated Democratic challenger Tod C. DeVeydt 56.48-43.52 percent; the Crawford County precincts in his district, however, backed DeVeydt with 51.02 percent of the vote to Schlottach's 48.98 in the county.

Crawford County is also a part of Missouri’s 16th Senatorial District and is currently represented by State Senator Frank A. Barnitz (D-Lake Springmarker). In 2006, Barnitz defeated Republican challenger Susie Snyders with 52.44% of the vote to her 47.56%; Crawford County gave Barnitz 61.01% of the vote and Snyders 38.99%. The 16th District includes Crawford, Dentmarker, Gasconademarker, Mariesmarker, Montgomerymarker, Osagemarker, Phelpsmarker, and Pulaskimarker counties.

In Missouri's gubernatorial election of 2008, Democratic Governor Governor Jay Nixon solidly defeated Republican U.S. Representative Kenny Hulshof with 58.40 percent of the total statewide vote. Nixon performed extremely well and won many of the rural counties in the state, including Crawford County. Nixon received 51.94% of the vote in Crawford County to Hulshof's 46.18%.


In the U.S. House of Representatives, Crawford County is a part of Missouri's 9th Congressional District and is currently represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-Columbia).

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 59.56% 6,007 38.78% 3,911 1.66% 167
2004 60.61% 5,686 38.72% 3,632 0.67% 63
2000 57.26% 4,754 40.35% 3,350 2.39% 198
1996 39.05% 2,990 43.75% 3,349 17.20% 1,317

At the presidential level, Crawford County is fairly independent-leaning but like many rural counties does have a conservative/Republican lean to it. While Bill Clinton did manage to narrowly carry the county both times in 1992 and 1996, George W. Bush strongly carried Crawford County in 2000 and 2004 and like many of the rural counties in Missouri, Crawford County solidly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.

Like most rural areas, voters in Crawford County generally strongly support socially and culturally conservative principles and therefore tend to vote Republican. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Crawford County with 79.48 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Crawford County with 56.13 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Crawford County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Crawford County with 76.78 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primary, voters in Crawford County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.


Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansasmarker) slightly won Crawford County by just one vote with 32.71 percent of the vote. U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizonamarker) finished in second place in Crawford County with 32.66 percent. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusettsmarker) came in third place, receiving 27.76 percent of the vote while libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texasmarker) finished fourth with 5.15 percent in Bollinger County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis which McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.


Then-U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New Yorkmarker) won a decisive victory in Crawford County with 66.36 percent of the vote. Then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinoismarker) received 30.07 percent of the vote from Crawford County Democrats. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolinamarker) still received 2.61 percent of the vote in Crawford County.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louismarker began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,523, than any candidate from either party in Crawford County during the 2008 presidential primary.


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