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The Crowned Lemur (Eulemur coronatus) is a lemur that is 31-36 cm (12-15 inches) long and weighs 2 kg. Its tail is about 42-51 cm long. The Crowned Lemur is endemic to the dry deciduous forests of the northern tip of Madagascarmarker. It eats a diet of mostly flowers, fruits, and leaves. The population is estimated to 1000-10,000 individuals as of 2004, most of which live on the Ankarana Plateaumarker. It has a distinctive brown-orange crown on its forehead. Females have a gray body with an orange crown, and males are a darker reddish brown crowned with black and orange. Crowned Lemurs have a life span of approximately 20 years and reach sexual maturity after 20 months. It gives birth to one offspring after a gestation period of 125 days. However, it is just as likely for a Crowned Lemur to give birth to twins as it is to give birth to just one infant.

The Crowned Lemur is in the order of Primates as it possesses characteristics such as opposing thumbs, binocular vision and is highly intilligent. E. coronatus shares with others of the family Lemuridae long and slender limbs, a slightly longer nose, a smaller brain and a 'grooming comb' formed by the incisors and canine teeth. It is most closely related to other members of the Eulemur genus.

E. coronatus possesses a long tail which is used to hang on to branches and also for balance when jumping from branch to branch. This is homologous to a cat as the bone structure is very similar even though the Lemurs tail and the cats tails aren't used for exactly the same functions, we can see that these two species most likely shared a common ancestor and through evolution they have diverged to become different species. The large, round eyes of the Crowned Lemur are useful for the habitat that they live in. This feature is analogous to the large round eyes of the sugar glider. This shows that even though these two species aren't related, their habitats and selection pressures during evolution were similar and thus, evolved along the same lines.

This member of the Eulemur genus is primarily diurnal.


  1. DLC: Animals: Crowned Lemur

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