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Cuyahoga County ( , or ) is a county located in the state of Ohiomarker, United Statesmarker. It is the most populous county in Ohio; as of the 2000 census, the population was 1,393,978. Its county seat is Clevelandmarker . Cuyahoga County is part of Greater Cleveland, a metropolitan area, and Northeast Ohio, a thirteen-county region, joined together in economic development initiatives. The county is named after the Native American word (possibly Algonquian) Cuyahoga, which means "crooked river". The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga Rivermarker, which bisects the county. Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Townshipmarker.

History

Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807. It was later reduced by the creation of Huronmarker, Lakemarker, and Lorainmarker Counties.
Cuyahoga County in 1874


Willoughby Township

In 1835, Willoughbymarker was incorporated as a village. Willoughby Township was separated from Cuyahoga County in 1840, when it was made part of Lake Countymarker. In later years, Eastlakemarker, Wickliffemarker, and Willowickmarker would be formed from parts of the township. What was left of the township became known as Willoughby Hillsmarker in 1954.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,246 square miles (3,226 km²).458 square miles (1,187 km²) of it is land and 787 square miles (2,038 km²) of it (63.19%) is water. Part of Cuyahoga Valley National Parkmarker is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Major highways



Adjacent counties



Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,393,978 people, 571,457 households, and 354,874 families residing in the county. The population density was 3,040 people per square mile (1,174/km²). There were 616,903 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.35% White, 27.45% African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.81% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 3.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.3% were of German, 9.1% Irish, 8.7% Italian and 7.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.0% spoke English and 3.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,168, and the median income for a family was $49,559. Males had a median income of $39,603 versus $28,395 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,272. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Cuyahoga County is led by the three-member Board of County Commissioners. The current members are Jimmy Dimora, Tim Hagan, and Peter Lawson Jones.

Politics

Presidential election results, 1960–2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 68.50% 441,836 30.44% 196,369
2004 66.57% 448,503 32.89% 221,600
2000 62.62% 359,913 33.42% 192,099
1996 60.75% 341,357 29.15% 163,770
1992 52.72% 337,548 29.24% 187,186
1988 58.79% 353,401 40.33% 242,439
1984 55.65% 362,626 43.60% 284,094
1980 50.02% 307,448 41.47% 254,883
1976 56.03% 349,186 41.01% 255,594
1972 48.15% 317,670 49.94% 329,493
1968 53.95% 363,540 35.44% 238,791
1964 71.50% 492,911 28.50% 196,436
1960 59.83% 429,030 40.17% 288,056


Allegations of voter fraud in 2004

It has been alleged that Cuyahoga County was the scene of widespread voter fraud during the 2004 presidential election. Investigations found that there were many voting irregularities, and that many voters were unfairly purged from voter lists or otherwise disenfranchised. Statewide, as many as 42,000 voters were unfairly disenfranchised. However, allegations that this was due to interference by Republican operatives have been disproven. A report by the Greater Cleveland Voter Registration Coalition found that nearly all problems were unintentional and were due to systemic flaws in voter registration systems.

Communities

350 px

Cities





Villages





Townships



National park

The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Parkmarker, which extends southward into Summit Countymarker.

References

  1. "ANALYSES OF VOTER DISQUALIFICATION,CUYAHOGA COUNTY, OHIO, NOVEMBER 2004," Greater Cleveland Voter Registration Coalition (CVRC). [1]. Retrieved October 17, 2008


External links




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