Czech National Revival
was a cultural movement,
which took part in the Czech lands
during the 18th and 19th century. The purpose of this movement was
to revive Czech language
, culture and
national identity. The most prominent figures of the revival
movement were Josef Dobrovský
and Josef Jungmann
the Battle of White
Mountain in 1620, Czech lands suffered
from Germanisation politics of the
language was more or less eradicated from state administration,
literature, schools, Charles
and among the upper classes. Books written in Czech
were burned and any publication in Czech was considered to be
by the Jesuits
The Czech language was reduced to a means of communication between
peasants, who were often illiterate. Therefore, the Revival looked
for inspiration among ordinary Czechs in the countryside.
Czech grammar book in 1809. In 1817, Václav Hanka
claimed to have discovered
Manuscripts of Dvůr Králové and of Zelená Hora
, which were
decades later proven as Hanka's forgeries.
five-volume Czech-German dictionary in 1834–1839. It was a major
lexicographical work, which had a great formative influence on the
Czech language. Jungmann used vocabulary of the Bible of Kralice
(1579–1613) period and of
the language used by his contemporaries. He borrowed words not
present in Czech from other Slavic languages or created neologisms.
He also inspired development of Czech scientific terminology, thus,
making it possible for original Czech research to develop.
With the renaissance of language, Czech culture flourished. Czech
institutions were established to celebrate the Czech history and
culture. The National Theatre opened in 1883 and the National
Museum in 1890.
result, the Czech language has been
restored as an official language in the Czech lands and is now used
by the vast majority of Czechs, and serves as
an official language in the Czech Republic.