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The Dál gCais ( ; also Dal Cais or the Dalcassians) were a dynastic group of related septs located in north Munster who rose to political prominence in the early medieval era in Irelandmarker. They are desceded from Cormac Cas, or Cas mac Conall Echlúath, hence the term "Dál", meaning "portion" or "share" of Cas. In later times, for reasons of political expediency, they claimed descent from the ancestor of the Eóganachta Kings of Munster, Oilliol Olum (also known as Ailill Aulom).

In early historic Ireland they were an obscure group, one of many of the subject peoples of the Éoganacht. In the seventh and eighth centuries, when the overkingdom of Uí Fiachrach Aidhne fell into decline, they moved north and annexed Tuad Mumu (Thomond). Previously part of Connacht, it became part of Munster.

Thomond was to remain the heartland of the Dal gCais and its septs; it is most especially associated with the family of O'Brien (Ua Briain, Ó Briain), who reigned as its kings from the 930s to 1543, and from 1543 to the present day as Baron Inchiquin. The current incumbent (18th Baron Inchiquin) is Conor O'Brien, a thirty-second generation descendant of Brian Boru High King of Ireland, 1002-1014. He is also known simply as The O'Brien, and is Chief of the Name, Prince of Thomond (see his profile).

Origins

The origins of the Dál gCais are among the most controversial in Irish history.

List of septs

Below is a comprehensive list of the Dalcassian septs of the Kingdom of Thomond. It should be noted that some of these names are also used by other tribes in Ireland, thus not every single person with one of the names is necessarily a member of this clan, it is rather a matter of specific genealogy coupled with the location origins.
 
  • Ahern
  • Arkin
  • Arthur
  • Bellian
  • Bernard
  • Bilrey
  • Blair
  • Blood
  • Boland
  • Booth
  • Brady
  • O'Brennan
  • Brick
  • O'Brien
  • Brodymarker
  • Bryan
  • Bryant
  • Cahir
  • Canny
  • O'Carmody
  • Carney
 
  • O'Casey
  • O'Cashin
  • Clancy
  • O'Clanchy
  • Clohessy
  • MacClune
  • O'Conklin
  • Connerty
  • Connolly
  • O'Connor
  • Conroy
  • Considine
  • Conway
  • Coombe
  • O'Cormacan
  • Cosgrave
  • Coughlan
  • Creagh
  • Crohan
  • O'Crotty
  • Crowe
 
  • Cuggeran
  • Curry
  • Curtin
  • Daffy
  • Davoren
  • O'Dea
  • Dillane
  • MacDonnell
  • Downey
  • Ducey
  • Duhigg
  • Durick
  • Durkin
  • Eustace
  • Fallaher
  • Fennell
  • Fennelly
  • Finn
  • O'Finnelan
  • Flattery
 
  • Flood
  • Fogarty
  • O'Galvin
  • Gilduff
  • Glinn
  • Glynn
  • O'Grady
  • McGrath
  • Griffin / Griffey
  • O'Gunning
  • Hallinan
  • O'Hannon
  • Hanraghty
  • O'Hanrahan
  • Harkin
  • Harley
  • Harrigan
  • O'Hartigan
  • Harty
  • O'Hea
  • O'Healy
 
  • O'Heap
  • O'Hearn
  • Heever
  • Heffernan
  • Hegarty
  • O'Hehir
  • Heron
  • Hever
  • O'Hickey
  • O'Hogan
  • Hogg
  • Honeen
  • O'Hurly
  • McInerney
  • Kearney
  • O'Keaty
  • O'Kelleher
  • O'Kennedy
  • MacKey
  • Kielty
  • Killeen
 
  • Kinnane
  • Lane
  • Larkin
  • Lernihan
  • Lerhinan
  • O'Liddy
  • O'Loughlin
  • Lynch
  • O'Lonergan
  • MacLysaght
  • Lucas
  • Maglin
  • MacMahon
  • O'Mahoney
  • O'Maloney
  • O'Markahan
  • O'Meara
  • Mescal
  • O'Moloney
  • Moroney
  • Mulcashel
  • Muldowney
 
  • Mulqueen
  • Mulvey
  • Mulvihill
  • O'Naghten
  • MacNamara
  • MacNevin
  • Neylon
  • O'Neill
  • O'Noonan
  • Padden
  • Perkins
  • Plunkett
  • Power
  • Quilty
  • Quinn
  • Quirk
  • Rabbitt
  • O'Reddan
  • O'Reagan
  • O'Reidy
  • Roan
 
  • Scanlan
  • Scarry
  • Scully
  • O'Seasnain
  • Shanahan
  • Sheedy
  • Sheehan
  • O'Slattery
  • Spellan
  • Spillane
  • Stone
  • Teige
  • Thynne
  • Torrens
  • Tubridy
  • O'Twomey
  • Woulfe


Dál gCais genealogy

Sept names in brackets, under the name of their ancestral namesake. Numerals indicates number of generations between ancestor and descendant.

  Conall Echlúath
  |
  |
  Cas
  |
  |_____________________
  |                  |
  |                  |
  Caisséne           Blat
 (Uí Chaisséne)     (Uí Blait)
  |                  |
  |                  |_____________________
  Cáirthenn          |                   |
  |                  |                   |
  6                  Brénainn Bán        Cáirthenn Finn
  |                  |                   |
  Nárgalach         (Muinter Bruig)      |____________
 (Síl Nárgalaíg)    (Ua Maol Dhómhnaigh) |          |
  |                                      |          |
  |_________________                     Óengus     Eochu Ballderg
  |               |                  (Uí Óengusso)  |
  |               |                      |          |__________________
  Corerán         Marcín                 Rónan      |          |
 (Uí Chellaig)   (Uí Sída)               |          |          |
 (Uí Cholmáin)   (Uí Rodáin)             |          Conall     Conall Cáem
                 (Uí Chiunáin)  _________|          |          |
                 (Uí Láega)     |        |          |          |
                                |        |          Fíán       Áed
                              Dímma  Máel Cáith     |          |
                                         |    (Uí Fallamain)   |
                                         |                     Aithirne
                                     Róngaile                  |
                                   (Uí Róngaile)               |
                                         |                     Cathal ?
                                   Dubh dá Leithe              |
                                  (Uí Chormacáin)              |
                                   (Uí Loingsig)          Tairdelbaig
                                   (Uí Uainidi)         (Uí Thairdelbaig)
                                                               |
  _____________________________________________________________|
  |         |                          |                 |
  |         |                          |                 |
  Flannán   Eochu                      Ailgel       Mathgamain
  Sanctus  (Uí Echach)              (Uí Aingile)         |
            |                          |                 |
  __________|__________________        Eochu             Anulaun
  |             |          |           |                       |
  |             |          |           |______________         |
  Conall    Animchad   Aurthuile       |             |       Corc
 (áes Cluana)   |          |           |             |          |
  |             6          3           Fócarta       Scandlán   |
  4             |          |          Uí Magair)  (Uí Scandlán) Lachtna
  |     (Meic Cétfada)  (Uí Chuinn) (Uí Árotháin)     |         |
  Énna   (Meic Cormaic)                           (Uí Aichir)   |
(Uí Énna)                                         (Uí Thaidc)  Lorcán
                                                                 |
  _______________________________________________________________|
  |                                                  |
  |                                                  |
  Cennétig, Rí Thuath Mumain, d. 951. Coscrach
  |                                                  |
  |                           _______________________|_______________________
  |                           |                      |                      |
  |                           |                      |                      |
  |                           Maine               Aingid                  Aitheir
  |                           |                      |                      |
  |                           |                      |                      |
  |                 Cathal, abbot Killaloe,  Coscrach, abbot Killaloe,     Ogan
  |                     died 1013               died 1040               (Ua hOgain)
  |
  |____________________________________________________________
  |                          |                                |
  |                          |                                |
  Brian, Rí Éire, d. 1014. Marcán, abbot of Terryglass,     Donncuan
(Ua Briain)               Inis Cealtra & Killaloe; d. 1010    |
  |__________________                   ______________________|_____________
  |              |                      |         |           |         |
  |              |                      |         |           |         |
  Tadc, d. 1023  Donnchad, d. 1064. Céilchair    Londgargán  Cennétig  Connaig
  |                               abb.Terryglass  |           |         |
  |                                   d.1008      |           |         |
  Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, High King,          Annud         Find      Dúnadach
  died 1086                                   issue     issue  issue


See also



References

  • "Dál gCais - Church and Dynasty", Donncha Ó Corráin,


Further reading

  • Byrne, Francis John, Irish Kings and High-Kings. Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001.
  • MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families: Their Names, Arms and Origins. Irish Academic Press. 4th edition, 1998.
  • O'Brien, Barry, Munster at War. Cork: Mercier Press. 1971.
  • Rynne, Etienne (ed.), North Munster Studies: Essays in Commemoration of Monsignor Michael Moloney. Limerick. 1967.
  • Todd, James Henthorn (ed. and tr.), Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh: The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill Longmans. 1867.


External links




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