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Dörtyol is a port and oil terminus at the head of the Gulf of İskenderunmarker on the Mediterraneanmarker coast 26 km north of the city of Iskenderunmarker in the province of Hatay in southeastern Turkeymarker. The city was known as Chork-Marzban under the Cilician Armenians, before the Turkish conquest.

Geography

The name Dörtyol means "crossroads" in Turkish, and indeed the town sits on a crossing of highways, especially the main road from Anatoliamarker south into Hatay and on to Syriamarker. The road is channelled along the narrow coastal strip with the Nur Mountainsmarker (the ancient Amanos (Gavur Dağlari - derogatory term used to designate Armenians) behind. Dörtyol is at the edge of the Cilician Plain and being on the coast Dörtyol is humid and the countryside is fairly green and fertile. Therefore as well as oil-handling, the economic activities of the district include forestry, cotton, and the cultivation of citrus fruits, especially a local variety of tangerine.

History

This crossroads has seen the passage of numerous armies and some of the biggest military campaigns in history, including the battle between Alexander the Great and Darius in 333 BC. More recently Dörtyol is remembered in Turkey as the scene of the first fighting in the Turkish War of IndependenceThe fighting with the occupying forces was ignited in[Karakese][227340] which is located on the skirt of the Nur mountains village. In 1918 Dörtyol was occupied by French troops supported by local Armenians. Turks in the area retreated to the hills and began their resistance under the leadership of Kara Hasan Pasha. Dörtyol was thus not part of the Republic of Hataymarker but was a Turkish district added to Hatay when the province was brought into the Turkish republic in 1939.

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