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DDR Oberliga
Founded
1949
Disbanded
1991
Nation
East Germany
Relegation To
DDR Liga Staffel A
DDR Liga Staffel B
Number of Seasons
41
Replaced by
Bundesliga
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Last Champions 1990-91
F.C. Hansa Rostock


The DDR-Oberliga (English:East German Premier League or GDR-Premier League) was, prior to German reunification in 1990, the elite level of football competition in the DDRmarker (Deutsche Demokratische Republik or German Democratic Republic, commonly East Germany), being roughly equivalent to the Oberliga (1945-1963) or Bundesliga (1963-1990) in West Germany.

Overview

Following World War II, separate sports competitions emerged in the occupied eastern and western halves of Germany, replacing the Gauligas of the Nazi era.

In East Germany, a top-flight football competition, the highest league in the East German football league system, was established in 1949 as the DS-Oberliga (Deutscher Sportausschuss Oberliga or German Sports Association Upper League). Beginning in 1958, it carried the name DDR-Oberliga and was part of the league structure within the DFV (Deutscher Fussball Verband der DDR or German Football Association of the GDR).

In its inaugural season in 1949-50 the DDR-Oberliga was made up of 14 teams with 2 relegation spots. Over the course of the next four seasons the number of teams in the division varied and included anywhere from 17 to 19 sides with 3 or 4 relegation spots. Beginning with the 1954-55 season up until merger of the East and West German football associations in 1991-92 the league was made up of 14 teams with 2 relegation spots.

Initially the DDR-Oberliga was operated on an autumn-spring schedule as was traditional in Germany. From 1956 to 1960 a Soviet-style spring-autumn (calendar year) schedule was in place. This required a transition round in 1955 and, although no champion was formally declared that season, Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt finished atop the division. 1961-62 saw the return of an autumn-spring season and an extended schedule (39 matches vs. 26 matches) was played with each club meeting the others a total of three times – once at home, once away, and once at a neutral venue.

After German reunification the last regular DDR-Oberliga season was played in 1990-91 under the designation NOFV-Oberliga (Nordostdeutsche Fußballverband Oberliga or Northeast German Football Federation Premier League). The following year the East German league structure was merged into the West German system under the DFB (Deutscher Fussball Bund or German Football Association) and the top two NOFV-Oberliga clubs – F.C. Hansa Rostock and Dynamo Dresden – joined the first division Bundesliga.

For the duration of the league's existence, the league below it was the DDR-Liga.

Disbanding of the Oberliga

In 1991, the DDR-Oberliga ceased to exist, its clubs being integrated in the German football league system. The fourteen Oberliga clubs went to the following leagues, spread over three tiers:

To the Fussball-Bundesliga (Tier I):



To the 2nd Bundesliga Nord (Tier II):



To the 2nd Bundesliga Süd (Tier II):



To the NOFV-Oberliga Nord (Tier III):



To the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte (Tier III):



To the NOFV-Oberliga Süd (Tier III):



The Oberliga reformed as the Regionalliga Nordost

In 1994, a new third tier division was established in the area that formerly made up East Germany. The Regionalliga Nordost was made up of most of the big names of the DDR-era alongside clubs from West Berlin. The only clubs from the final season of the old DDR-Oberliga not to appear here were F.C. Hansa Rostock, which was competing at the Bundesliga level, and Hallescher FC which had fallen on hard times.

The league was disbanded again in 2000 and its member clubs were spread between the two remaining Regionalligas (III) and the NOFV-Oberligas (IV), effectively ending the history of the all-East German leagues.

DDR-Oberliga champions

BFC Dynamo Berlin marker was the league record holder with 10 DDR-Oberliga titles to its credit.

>
Season Club
1947-48 SG Planitz
1948-49 ZSG Union Halle
1949-50 ZSG Horch Zwickau
1950-51 BSG Chemie Leipzig
1951-52 BSG Turbine Halle
1952-53 SG Dynamo Dresden
1953-54 BSG Turbine Erfurt
1954-55 BSG Turbine Erfurt
1956 SC Wismut Karl Marx Stadt
1957 SC Wismut Karl Marx Stadt
1958 ASK Vorwärts Berlin
1959 SC Wismut Karl Marx Stadt
1960 ASK Vorwärts Berlin
1961 no championship
1961-62 ASK Vorwärts Berlin
Season Club
1962-63 SC Motor Jena
1963-64 BSG Chemie Leipzig
1964-65 ASK Vorwärts Berlin
1965-66 FC Vorwärts Berlin
1966-67 FC Karl-Marx-Stadt
1967-68 FC Carl Zeiss Jena
1968-69 FC Vorwärts Berlin
1969-70 FC Carl Zeiss Jena
1970-71 SG Dynamo Dresden
1971-72 1. FC Magdeburg
1972-73 SG Dynamo Dresden
1973-74 1. FC Magdeburg
1974-75 1. FC Magdeburg
1975-76 SG Dynamo Dresden
1976-77 SG Dynamo Dresden
Season Club
1977-78 SG Dynamo Dresden
1978-79 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1979-80 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1980-81 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1981-82 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1982-83 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1983-84 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1984-85 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1985-86 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1986-87 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1987-88 Berliner FC Dynamomarker
1988-89 SG Dynamo Dresden
1989-90 1. FC Dynamo Dresden
1990-91 F.C. Hansa Rostock
Source:

Placings in the DDR-Oberliga 1975-1991

Club 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
F.C. Hansa Rostock 13 14 14 10 8 8 9 10 13 9 4 6 1
Dynamo Dresden 3 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 7 2 2 6 2 3 1 1 2
Berliner FC Dynamomarker 4 2 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 11
1. FC Magdeburg 1 3 2 2 4 4 3 6 6 5 5 4 5 7 6 3 10
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 2 5 3 5 3 3 2 5 3 10 7 3 6 6 8 5 6
Lokomotive Leipzig 8 4 5 4 5 6 6 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 5 8 7
FC Karl-Marx-Stadt 10 11 9 7 8 9 9 9 9 6 9 8 8 8 3 2 5
FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 9 7 6 9 7 12 7 7 5 7 6 10 7 12 12 11 3
FC Chemie Halle 11 8 7 6 6 7 8 11 11 14 5 9 9 4
Stahl Brandenburg 11 5 9 4 11 10 8
FC Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt 12 9
FC Sachsen Leipzig 12
FC Energie Cottbus 14 13 13 10 7 13
Vorwärts Frankfurt/Oder 5 12 12 13 5 5 4 2 4 8 9 10 13 14
Wismut Aue 12 6 10 11 11 10 12 10 10 8 4 11 4 10 7 13
Fortschritt Bischofswerda 14 14
Sachsenring Zwickau 7 9 8 10 12 8 11 12 14 14 13
1. FC Union Berlin 11 8 10 13 12 13 7 11 11 14
Stahl Riesa 6 10 13 9 11 13 11 12 12 12 14
Chemie Leipzig 13 14 12 13
Motor Suhl 14
Chemie Buna-Schopkau 14
Wismut Gera 14
ASG Vorwärts Stralsund 14
Source:
  • Names shown are the ones the clubs carried over most of this seasons, which are not necessarily the ones they carried in the last two seasons or their current ones.
  • The Chemie Leipzig and Chemie Böhlen merged in 1990, to form FC Sachsen Leipzig.


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