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The trophy


The DFB-Pokal ( ) or DFB Cup is an elimination football tournament held annually. It is the second most important national title in German football after the Bundesliga championship.

Format

The competition format has varied considerably since the inception of the Tschammer-Pokal in 1935.

Participation

The DFB-Pokal begins with a round of 64 teams. The 36 teams of the Bundesliga and 2nd Bundesliga, along with the top four finishers of the 3rd Liga are automatically qualified for the tournament. Of the remaining slots 21 are given to the cup winners of the regional football associations. The three remaining slots are given to three the regional associations with the most men's teams. They may assign the slot as they see fit but usually give it to the runner up in the association cup. As every team is entitled to participate in local tournaments which qualify for the association cups every team can in principle compete in the DFB-Pokal. Reserve teams like Bayern Munich II are not permitted to enter.

Seeding

The pairings for the DFB Cup are not entirely random as the teams are split into two pots of 32 teams each. One pot contains all the amateur teams including teams from the 3rd Liga and the teams just being promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. The other pot contains the teams from the Bundesliga and the teams of the 2nd Bundesliga, which are not just being promoted. Therefore in the first round of the cup each professional team plays an amateur team. Since 1982 the amateur generally plays at home when facing a professional team.

For the second round the teams are again divided into two pots according to the same principles. This time the pots don't have to be of equal size though, depending on the results of the first round. Amateur teams get paired with professional teams until one pot is empty. The remaining teams are then drawn from the nonempty pot with the team first drawn playing at home.

For the remaining rounds other than the final the teams are drawn from one pot. Since 1985 the final is every year held in the Olympic Stadiummarker in Berlinmarker.

Match Rules

Extra time will be played if the scores are level after 90 minutes with a penalty shootout following if needed.

History

Historically the number of participants in the main tournament has varied between four from 1956 until 1960 and 128 from 1973 through 1982 resulting in tournaments of two to seven rounds. Since the inception of the Bundesliga in 1963 all clubs from the Bundesliga are automatically qualified for the DFB-Pokal as are all clubs from the 2nd Bundesliga since its inception in 1974. Backup teams have for most of the time been allowed to participate in the DFB-Pokal but are excluded since 2008.

The final is since 1985 every year held in the Olympic Stadiummarker in Berlinmarker. Before 1985 the host of the final was determined on short notice. The DFB hereby took into consideration the ease with which supporters of both finalists could reach the site.

Originally the cup games were held over two times 45 minutes with two times 15 minutes extra time in case of a draw. If the score was still level after 120 minutes the game was replayed with the home field right reversed. In the 1939 Tschammer-Pokal the semi-final between SV Waldhof Mannheim and Wacker Wien was a draw three times before the game was decided by lot. The DFB decided to hold a penalty shootout if the replay was another draw after a similar situation arose in the 1970 cup, when the match between Alemannia Aachen and SV Werder Bremen had to be decided by lot after two draws.

In 1971-72 and 1972-73 the matches were held over two legs. The second leg was extended by two times 15 minutes if the aggregate was a draw after both legs. In case the extension brought no decision a penalty shooutout was held.

When in 1977 the final 1. FC Köln vs. Hertha BSC had to be replayed this led to great logistic difficulties. In the aftermath the DFB decided not to let cup finals to be replayed in the future instead holding a penalty shootout after extra time. Eventually this change was extended to all cup games in 1991.

Tschammerpokal

A stamp depicting a German soccer player during the Third Reich
The first German cup was held in 1935. It was then called von Tschammer und Osten Pokal, or short Tschammerpokal, named after Reichssportführer (Sports Chief of the Reich) Hans von Tschammer und Osten. The first final was contested between the two most successful clubs of that era, the 1. FC Nuremberg and Schalke 04, with Nuremberg winning 2 – 0. After the last Tschammerpokal was held in 1943 the cup was not held for almost 20 years, being re-introduced by the DFB in 1952 under its current name DFB-Pokal. In 1965 the original trophy, Goldfasanen-Pokal, was substituted by the trophy which is still awarded today, because the original reminded DFB President Peco Bauwens of the Nazi era.

Records

Having won 14 titles Bayern Munich has been the most successful team in the cup since they won their fourth title in 1969. The most recent champion is Werder Bremen.Fortuna Düsseldorf established a record for consecutive German Cup match victories (18 straight victories between 1978 and 1981, taking the trophy in 1979 and 1980).

Finals

Tschammer-Pokal

Year Winner Runner Up Result Date Venue Attendance
1935 FC Nuremberg Schalke 04 2–0 08/12/35 Düsseldorf 55,000
1936 VfB Leipzig Schalke 04 2–1 03/01/37 Berlin 70,000
1937 Schalke 04 Fortuna Düsseldorf 2–1 09/01/38 Köln 72,000
1938 Rapid Wien FSV Frankfurt 3–1 08/01/39 Berlin 38,000
1939 FC Nuremberg Waldhof Mannheim 2–0 08/04/40 Berlin 60,000
1940 Dresdner SC FC Nuremberg 2–1 ET 01/12/40 Berlin 60,000
1941 Dresdner SC Schalke 04 2–1 02/10/41 Berlin 65,000
1942 1860 Munich Schalke 04 2–0 15/11/42 Berlin 80,000
1943 First Viennamarker Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg 3–2 ET 31/10/43 Stuttgart 45,000


DFB-Pokal

Year Winner Runner Up Result Date Venue Attendance
1953 Rot-Weiss Essen Alemannia Aachen 2–1 01/05/53 Düsseldorf 40,000
1954 VfB Stuttgart FC Köln 1–0 ET 17/04/54 Ludwigshafen 60,000
1955 Karlsruher SC Schalke 04 3–2 21/05/55 Braunschweig 25,000
1956 Karlsruher SC Hamburg 3–1 05/08/56 Karlsruhe 25,000
1957 Bayern Munich Fortuna Düsseldorf 1–0 29/12/57 Augsburg 42,000
1958 VfB Stuttgart Fortuna Düsseldorf 4–3 ET 16/10/58 Kassel 28,000
1959 Schwarz-Weiss Essen Borussia Neunkirchen 5–2 27/12/59 Kassel 20,000
1960 Borussia Mönchengladbach Karlsruher SC 3–2 05/10/60 Düsseldorf 50,000
1961 Werder Bremen Kaiserslautern 2–0 13/09/61 Gelsenkirchen 18,000
1962 FC Nuremberg Fortuna Düsseldorf 2–1 ET 29/08/62 Hannover 41,000
1963 Hamburg Borussia Dortmund 3–0 14/08/63 Hannover 68,000
1964 1860 Munich Eintracht Frankfurt 2–0 13/06/64 Stuttgart 45,000
1965 Borussia Dortmund Alemannia Aachen 2–0 22/05/65 Hannover 55,000
1966 Bayern Munich Meidericher SV 4–2 04/06/66 Frankfurt 62,000
1967 Bayern Munich Hamburg 4–0 10/06/67 Stuttgart 67,000
1968 FC Köln Bochum 4–1 09/06/68 Ludwigshafen 60,000
1969 Bayern Munich Schalke 04 2–1 14/06/69 Frankfurt 60,000
1970 Kickers Offenbach FC Köln 2–1 29/08/70 Hannover 50,000
1971 Bayern Munich FC Köln 2–1 ET 19/06/71 Stuttgart 71,000
1972 Schalke 04 Kaiserslautern 5–0 01/07/72 Hannover 61,000
1973 Borussia Mönchengladbach FC Köln 2–1 ET 23/06/73 Düsseldorf 69,000
1974 Eintracht Frankfurt Hamburg 3–1 ET 17/08/74 Düsseldorf 52,000
1975 Eintracht Frankfurt MSV Duisburg 1–0 21/06/75 Hannover 43,000
1976 Hamburg Kaiserslautern 2–0 26/06/76 Frankfurt 61,000
1977 FC Köln Hertha Berlin 1–1 ET

1–0 RM
28/05/77

30/05/77
Hannover 54,000

35,000
1978 FC Köln Fortuna Düsseldorf 2–0 15/04/78 Gelsenkirchen 70,000
1979 Fortuna Düsseldorf Hertha Berlin 1–0 ET 23/06/79 Hannover 56,000
1980 Fortuna Düsseldorf FC Köln 2–1 04/06/80 Gelsenkirchen 56,000
1981 Eintracht Frankfurt Kaiserslautern 3–1 02/05/81 Stuttgart 71,000
1982 Bayern Munich FC Nuremberg 4–2 01/05/82 Frankfurt 61,000
1983 FC Köln Fortuna Köln 1–0 11/06/83 Köln 61,000
1984 Bayern Munich Borussia Mönchengladbach 1–1 (7–6 PSO) 31/05/84 Frankfurt 61,000
1985 Bayer Uerdingen Bayern Munich 2–1 26/05/85 Berlin 70,000
1986 Bayern Munich VfB Stuttgart 5–2 03/05/86 Berlin 76,000
1987 Hamburg Stuttgarter Kickers 3–1 20/06/87 Berlin 76,000
1988 Eintracht Frankfurt Bochum 1–0 28/05/88 Berlin 76,000
1989 Borussia Dortmund Werder Bremen 4–1 24/06/89 Berlin 76,000
1990 Kaiserslautern Werder Bremen 3–2 19/05/90 Berlin 76,000
1991 Werder Bremen FC Köln 1–1 (4–3 PSO) 22/06/91 Berlin 73,000
1992 Hannover 96 B. Mönchengladbach 0–0 (4–3 PSO) 23/05/92 Berlin 76,000
1993 Bayer Leverkusen Hertha Berlin 1–0 12/06/93 Berlin 76,000
1994 Werder Bremen Rot-Weiss Essen 3–1 14/05/94 Berlin 76,000
1995 Borussia Mönchengladbach VfL Wolfsburg 3–0 24/06/95 Berlin 75,700
1996 Kaiserslautern Karlsruher SC 1–0 25/05/96 Berlin 75,800
1997 VfB Stuttgart Energie Cottbus 2–0 14/06/97 Berlin 76,400
1998 Bayern Munich MSV Duisburg 2–1 16/05/98 Berlin 75,800
1999 Werder Bremen Bayern Munich 1–1 (5–4 PSO) 12/06/99 Berlin 75,841
2000 Bayern Munich Werder Bremen 3–0 06/05/00 Berlin 76,000
2001 Schalke 04 Union Berlin 2–0 26/05/01 Berlin 73,011
2002 Schalke 04 Bayer Leverkusen 4–2 11/05/02 Berlin 70,000
2003 Bayern Munich Kaiserslautern 3–1 31/05/03 Berlin 70,490
2004 Werder Bremen Alemannia Aachen 3–2 29/05/04 Berlin 71,682
2005 Bayern Munich Schalke 04 2–1 28/05/05 Berlin 74,349
2006 Bayern Munich Eintracht Frankfurt 1–0 29/04/06 Berlin 74,349
2007 FC Nuremberg VfB Stuttgart 3–2 ET 26/05/07 Berlin 74,220
2008 Bayern Munich Borussia Dortmund 2–1 ET 19/04/08 Berlin 74,244
2009 Werder Bremen Bayer Leverkusen 1–0 30/05/09 Berlin 72,244


Performance by club

Club Wins Runners-up Winning Years
Bayern Munich 14 2 1957, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008
Werder Bremen 6 3 1961, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009
Schalke 04 4 7 1937, 1972, 2001, 2002
FC Nuremberg 4 2 1935, 1939, 1963, 2007
FC Köln 4 6 1968, 1977, 1978, 1983
Eintracht Frankfurt 4 2 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988
Hamburg 3 3 1963, 1976, 1987
Borussia Mönchengladbach 3 2 1960, 1973, 1995
VfB Stuttgart 3 2 1954, 1958, 1997
Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 5 1979, 1980
Kaiserslautern 2 5 1990, 1996
Karlsruher SC 2 2 1955, 1956
Borussia Dortmund 2 2 1965, 1989
Dresdner SC 2 - 1940, 1941
1860 Munich 2 - 1942, 1964
Bayer Leverkusen 1 2 1993
Rot-Weiss Essen 1 1 1953
Bayer Uerdingen 1 - 1985
Hannover 96 1 - 1992
VfB Leipzig 1 - 1936
Kickers Offenbach 1 - 1970
Rapid Wien 1 - 1938
Schwarz-Weiss Essen 1 - 1959
First Vienna FCmarker 1 - 1943
Alemannia Aachen - 3 -
MSV Duisburg - 3 -
VfL Bochum - 2 -
Hertha Berlin - 2 -
Borussia Neunkirchen - 1 -
Energie Cottbus - 1 -
Fortuna Köln - 1 -
FSV Frankfurt - 1 -
Hertha Berlin (Amateur team) - 1 -
Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg - 1 -
Stuttgarter Kickers - 1 -
Union Berlin - 1 -
Waldhof Mannheim - 1 -
VfL Wolfsburg - 1 -


East German Cup (1949–91)

East Germanymarker also had its own national cup: the FDGB Cup, the cup of the Freie Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund, the association of the East German trade unions. It was introduced in 1949 and awarded annually until 1991 after German reunification in 1990 led to the merger of the football leagues of the two Germanys.

Women's German Cup

Since 1981 women's football clubs have competed for the Women's DFB Cup. An East German women's cup has also been held from 1987 to 1991.

References



External links




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