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Dalnegorsk ( , lit. far in the mountains) is a town in Primorsky Kraimarker, Russiamarker. It was formerly known from its founding in 1899 as Tetyukhe ( ) (Chinese: 野猪河, yĕzhūhé; literally meaning "river of wild boars"), until it was renamed in the 1970s as part of a campaign to change any Chinese-derived placenames in the Primorsky Krai.

History

The settlement of Tetyukhe was founded in 1899, with the founding of a lead and zinc mine by Swiss immigrant Julius Brynner. Brynner's son Boris maintained the right to mine on the site until 1931, one of the longest-running private enterprises in the Soviet Unionmarker. Boris Brynner's son Yul Brynner later became a famous actor in the United Statesmarker.

In 1930 the Tetyukhe was designated an urban-type settlement. The settlement was renamed in 1972, along with the Tetyukhe River which was rechristened Rudnaja, from the Russian word Ruda meaning ore. Town status was granted to Dalnegorsk in 1989.

Economy

Most population of the town are employed by two industrial enterprises: JSC Bor and JSC Dalpolimetal.

Established in 1965, Bor is the world's largest specialized chemical enterprise. Due to the unique deposits of commercial minerals found in the district and the high technologies Bor successfully operates in the world market and is included in the list of Russiamarker's 40 most prospective enterprises. 75% of its production is exported to the United Kingdommarker, Italymarker, Francemarker, Japanmarker, Australia, South Koreamarker, Chinamarker, and other countries in Europe and Asia.

Dalpolimetal (established in 1897) produces 58% of Russia's lead; Rudnaya Pristanmarker has a large smelting plant. Two thirds of its production is exported to Japan, China, and Korea.

Despite the highly-developed industrialization of Dalnegorsk, over 90% of the territory under its jurisdiction is covered with Korean Pine and mixed broadleaf forests which attract nature tourism enthusiasts. However, Dalnegorsk residents suffer from serious lead poisoning from an old smelter and the unsafe transport of lead concentrate from the local lead mining site. This led the Blacksmith Institute to declare Dalnegorsk and neighboring Rudnaya Pristanmarker as one of the 10 worst polluted places on earth. However, according to Anatoly Lebedev, leader of the ecological NGO BROK, this inclusion is questionable.

Infrastructure

Dalnegorsk is connected by road to Vladivostokmarker (517 km). The nearest railway station (Chuguyevkamarker) is located 198 km from Dalnegorsk. The nearest sea port in 35 km from the town at Rudnaya Pristanmarker.

Politics

On October 19, 2006, three days before the elections, Dmitry Fotyanov, the mayoral candidate from the United Russia party who came second in the initial round of elections, was gunned down with Kalashnikov assault rifle fire. The weapons were located by the police in a minivan that was blown up near the offices of the local newspaper soon after the murder. The run-off election was called off as both remaining candidates agreed to stand down. The United Russia party called Fotyanov's death a "political murder".

Alleged UFO incident

Mount Izvestkovaya, also known as Height 611, is located in Dalnegorsk. It is the place of the Height 611 UFO Incident of 1986.

References

External links




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