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Daman district is one of the two districts of the union territory of Daman and Diumarker on the western coast of Indiamarker, surrounded by Valsad Districtmarker of Gujaratmarker state on the north, east and south and the Arabian Sea to the west. The district has an area of 72 kmĀ², and a population of 113,949 (2001 census), which increased 83% between 1991 and 2001. Daman lies at the mouth of the Daman Ganga River. Major industries have units here. The closest railway station is Vapimarker (7 km). It is also famous for its beach, Portuguese colonial architecture, churches, and for the scenic beauty in the twin cities of Nani-Daman and Moti-Daman, which lie opposite each other across the Daman Ganga. The chief occupation has been fishing. The city of Suratmarker lies to the north, and Mumbaimarker lies approximately 160 km (100 mi) south of Daman on the Arabian Sea coast in Maharashtramarker state.


Daman was occupied by the Portuguesemarker in 1531, and was formally ceded to Portugal in 1539 by the Sultan of Gujarat. It remained a Portuguese colonial possession until it was annexed by Indian forces on 19 December 1961. From 1961-87, it was a part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu. In 1987, it became a part of the newly formed union territory of Daman and Diu.


Daman district has only one tehsil. The territory of the whole district is part of Daman and Diu Lok Sabha constituency.


A bridge over the Daman Ganga between Moti Daman and Nani Daman collapsed during a monsoon on 28 August 2003. 24 people were killed, 17 of them school children, when their vehicles plunged into the river. The government constructed a new bridge at a cost of 80 million rupees, but it, too, partially collapsed during torrential rains in August 2004. At present the bridge is open to two-wheeler and three-wheeler vehicles only..


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