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Damanhur (Egyptian: Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w ("Village of Horus"); Coptic: ; ) or Hermopolis Mikra (Greek: ) is a city in Lower Egypt, and the capital of the Beheira Governorate. It is located 160 km northwest of Cairomarker, and 70 km E.S.E. of Alexandriamarker, in the middle of the western Nile Deltamarker.

In Ancient Egypt, the city was the capital of Lower Egypt's 7th Nome of A-ment. It stood on the banks of a canal which connected the lake Mareotismarker with the Canopicmarker or most westerly arm of the Nile. (Champollion, L'Egypte, vol. ii. p. 249). The city was dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian god Horus. In Greek and Roman times, it was called Hermopolis Mikra or Hermopolis Parva, which would also give it an association with Hermes, the Egyptien Thoth. As Hermopolis, the city attracted the notice of numerous ancient geographers, including Stephanus of Byzantium s. v., Strabo (xvii. p. 802), Ptolemy (iv. 5. § 46), and the author of the Antonine Itinerary (p. 154). It is a Roman Catholic titular see.

In 1986 the population of Damanhur was 188,939. The richly-cultivated Beheira province gives rise to mainly agricultural industries which include cotton ginning, potato processing, and date picking. It also has a market for cotton and rice.

Ahmed H. Zewail, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1999, was born in Damanhur in 1946.


Being located in the Nile Deltamarker that gives Damanhur a Mediterranean climate. The city gets average precipitation during winter, and rare rain during other seasons. Hail, frost and snow are not unkown specifically during winter.
Light snow during winter

Cultural references

Damanhur is the fictional home of the character Nebamon in the book Rise of the Golden Cobra, by Henry T. Aubin.


External links

  • Arabic script
  • English script
  • live cam from damanhour

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