Dammar gum is obtained from the Dipterocarpaceae family of trees in
India and East Asia, principally
those of the genera Shorea, Balanocarpus, or
Most is produced by tapping
trees, however some is collected in fossilized
form from the ground. The gum
varies in colour from clear to pale yellow,
while the fossilized form is grey-brown.
It is used in foods, as either a clouding or a glazing agent
, in the making of incense
other processes. Dammar was first introduced as a picture varnish
in 1826 and is commonly referred to as Damar varnish.
The name is a Malay word meaning "resin
" or "torch
made from resin
There are two further types of Damar, besides the gum:
- "Mata kucing" ("cat's eye") is a crystalline
resin usually in the form of round balls.
- "Batu" ("stone") is the name given to the
stone or pebble-shaped opaque damar
collected from the ground.
- Appearance: white powder
- Melting point: approx. 120
- Density (kg per
- Water solubility: xylene
- Refractive index: approx.
- CAS number: 9000-16-2
- EINECS: 232-528-4
- Harmonised Tariff: 1301-90
- Stable. Probably combustible. Incompatible with strong
Low toxicity, however inhalation of dust may cause allergies