Daniel Saul Goldin (born
July 23, 1940) served as the 9th and longest-tenured Administrator
of NASA from April 1, 1992, to November 17,
He was appointed by President
George H. W. Bush
and served under three presidential administrations.
City, Goldin earned a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical
engineering from the City College of New York in 1962. He began his career at NASA's Lewis Research
Center in Cleveland, Ohio that year, and worked on electric propulsion
systems for human interplanetary travel.
left NASA a few years later to work at the TRW Space and Technology
Group in Redondo Beach, California.
During a 25-year career at TRW, Goldin
eventually became Vice President and General Manager and led
projects that conceptualized and produced advanced communication
spacecraft, space technologies, and scientific instruments.
When Goldin returned to NASA as administrator, he pioneered the
"faster, better, cheaper" approach that proposed NASA could cut
costs while still delivering a wide variety of aerospace programs.
The approach ultimately proved controversial with the loss of vital
missions to Mars due to project management failures. During his
administration, Goldin supervised projects such as the Mars Pathfinder
, Hubble Space Telescope
missions, and the International Space Station
initially promoted a low-cost manned lunar project, but following
the 1996 announcement that evidence had been found of biological
activity in Martian meteorite ALH-84001, the focus was shifted to unmanned Mars
A criticism of Goldin's administration is that he failed to provide
a far-sighted focus for NASA other than inherited projects.
However, in mid-1999 he and senior Agency leadership quietly
created the Decadal Planning
and its successors, which paved the way for NASA's
contribution to the Vision
for Space Exploration
In 1992, Goldin brought back the traditional NASA blue "meatball" logo
. It had been replaced in
1975 by the NASA red "worm" logo. By 1997, Goldin had started a
largely successful campaign within NASA to eradicate the
Near Appointment as President of Boston University
Goldin was selected to be the ninth president of Boston
University, but his
contract was terminated a day
before he took office at a cost of $1.8 million.
- "My eyeball kept getting distorted more and more, so I became
more and more nearsighted. At that time, if you had a detached
retina due to the buildup of pressure on the eye you could go
blind. In the Bronx, you played stickball and baseball and
basketball in the school yard. I wasn't allowed to do that and I
became different than my friends. I was self conscious. I wanted to
be like them but I was forced by health reasons to be
- "The only thing I wanted to work on in my life was space. I
would do it any way I could."