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Daniel Carlsson Solander or Daniel Charles Solander (19 February 1733 ‚Äď 16 May 1782) was a Swedishmarker botanist.
Daniel Solander


Solander was born in Piteåmarker, Norrland, Sweden and was the son of a Lutheran principal. He enrolled at Uppsala Universitymarker in July 1750 and studied languages and the humanities. The professor of botany was the celebrated Carolus Linnaeus who was soon impressed by young Solander's ability and accordingly persuaded his father to let him study natural history. He traveled to Englandmarker in 1760 to promote Linnaeus' new system of classification. He was an assistant librarian at the British Museummarker from 1763 onwards, and elected as Fellow of the Royal Society in the following year. Afterwards he held the position of Keeper of Printed Books at the British Museummarker.

In 1768 Solander and his fellow scientist Dr. Herman Spöring were employed by Joseph Banks, to join him on James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific Oceanmarker on board the Endeavour.They were the botanists who inspired the name Botanist Bay (which later became Botany Baymarker), Cook's expedition's first landing place in Australia.Solander helped make and describe an important collection of Australian plants while the Endeavour was beached at the site of present-day Cooktownmarker for nearly 7 weeks, after being damaged on the Great Barrier Reefmarker. These collections later formed the basis of Banks' Florilegium.

On their return in 1771 he became Banks' secretary and librarian and lived in his house at Soho Square. In 1772 he accompanied Banks on his voyage to Icelandmarker, the Faroesmarker and the Orkney Islandsmarker. Between 1773 and 1782 he was Keeper of the Natural History Department of the British Museum. In 1773 he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Solander invented the book-form box known as the Solander box which is still used in libraries and archives as the most suitable way of storing prints, drawings, herbarium materials and some manuscripts.

He died at Banks' home in Soho Square of a stroke, aged 49, at 9.30pm on 13 May 1782. An autopsy was performed the next day, and revealed a brain haemorrhage.

Solander Gardens in the east end of London is named after him, as are the Solander Islands off New Zealandmarker's South Island. One of the many plants named in his honour is Nothofagus solandri. He was associated with Banks in Illustrations of the Botany of Captain Cook's Voyage Round the World, and his The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes, Collected by the late John Ellis, was published posthumously in 1786.

References

  1. [1]
  • Duyker, Edward. 1998. Nature's Argonaut: Daniel Solander 1733-1782: Naturalist and Voyager with Cook and Banks. Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84753-6
  • Royal Society Archive entry on Solander
  • Duyker, Edward & Tingbrand, Per (ed. & trans) 1995, Daniel Solander: Collected Correspondence 1753‚ÄĒ1782, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1995, pp. 466, ISBN 0 522 84636 X Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1995, pp. 466, ISBN 82 00 22454 6


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