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Dannemora is a village located primarily in the Town of Dannemoramarker in Clinton County, New Yorkmarker. The population was 4,129 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from Dannemora, Swedenmarker, an iron-making town where early settlers came from [34864].

Most of the Village of Dannemora is in the Town of Dannemora, but the south part of the Dannemora village is located in the Town of Saranacmarker. The community is on the south town line. The postal ZIP code is 12929.

Primary and secondary education is provided by the Saranac Central School System.

History

The Village of Dannemora was incorporated in 1901. Permanent settlement had begun in 1838. The early economy was based on mining and smelting iron, but this industry did not become significant until about 1843. Clinton Prison (currently known as the Clinton Correctional Facilitymarker) was opened in 1845 to employ convicts to work in the iron industry. As a maximum security facility, it currently houses long-term prisoners and is one of the largest prisons in the state.

From 1900 to 1972, Dannemora also contained the Dannemora Hospital for the Criminally Insane (also known by other names). This facility was used afterwards for a variety of prison programs by the Department of Corrections. As a result, Dannemora has become a synonym among many in New York for the place where the criminally insane go.

Geography

Dannemora is located at (44.720878, -73.718904) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²).None of the area is covered with water.

Dannemora is within the Adirondack Park except for the state prison.

New York State Route 374, an east-west highway passes through the village as Cook Street.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,129 people, 469 households, and 326 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,423.2 people per square mile (1,317.5/km²). There were 516 housing units at an average density of 427.8/sq mi (164.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 49.07% White, 37.95% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 10.49% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.65% of the population.

There were 469 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the village the population was spread out with 8.9% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 58.2% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 525.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 682.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $42,500, and the median income for a family was $47,019. Males had a median income of $24,753 versus $24,286 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,872. About 13.5% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

The disproportionately large minority population and more than five to one male majority in Dannemora is a misleading representation of the village's population. Much of the inmate population in the Clinton Correctional Facilitymarker is counted when a census is taken. The majority of these inmates are actually from the New York Citymarker area and usually return to the Downstate Region upon their release from the facility.

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