Danville is a city in and
the county seat of Boyle
County, Kentucky, United States.
The population was 15,477 at the 2000 census
.Danville is the
principal city of the Danville Micropolitan
Statistical Area, which includes all of Boyle and Lincoln counties.
In 2001, Danville received a Great American Main Street Award from
Trust for Historic Preservation
Danville is called the "City of Firsts".
- It housed the first Courthouse in Kentucky
- It had the first U.S. Post Office west of the Allegheny Mountains
hosts the first state-supported school for the
- In it, Ephraim McDowell became
the first physician in the world to successfully remove an ovarian
- It is
home to the oldest college administration building and campus west
of the Allegheny Mountains at Centre College.
was part of the Great Settlement Area around Harrod's Fort (now
Harrodsburg), which was first settled in 1774.
Boyle County Courthouse in
Daniel, Kentucky's first District Attorney, bought from settler
John Crow on the Wilderness Road
had it surveyed for a town in 1783-1784. The city was probably
named for Daniel. The Virginia Legislature officially established
Danville on December 4, 1787.
Between 1784 and 1792, ten conventions were held in Danville to
petition for better governance and ultimately to secure
independence from Virginia. In 1786 the Danville Political Club
organized. It met each Saturday night at Grayson’s Tavern to
discuss the political, economic, and social concerns. After a state
constitution was adopted and separation was confirmed in 1792, the
town ceased to be of statewide importance and its leading citizens
moved to elsewhere.
University was founded in Danville in 1783.
Kentucky in 1789.
Center College was founded in 1819.
Theological Seminary was founded in 1853; in 1901 it became part of
the Louisville Presbyterian Theological
The Caldwell Institute for Young Ladies was
founded in 1860. It became Caldwell Female College in 1876,
Caldwell College in 1904, Kentucky College for Women in 1913, and
merged into Centre
College in 1926.
In November 1806, Meriwether Lewis
co-leader of the Lewis and
, visited Danville while traveling the
Wilderness Road to Washington DC to report on the expedition. In
December 1806, William
visited his nephews in school in Danville before
following Lewis to Washington.
County was formed from southern Mercer
County and northern Lincoln County.
Danville became its county seat.
In 1850, Danville and Boyle County backed construction of the
Lexington and Danville Railroad . Money ran out when the railroad reached
Nicholasville, Kentucky and John A.
had built towers for a
suspension bridge over the Kentucky
(Roebling lived in Danville during the construction).
Despite the lack of a railroad to Danville, the county still owed
$150,000; it completed payment on time in 1884.
In 1860, a fire devastated the city, destroying 64 buildings and
causing over $300,000 in damages. Boyle County's courthouse was
among the destroyed buildings; its replacement was completed in
1862. After the Battle of Perryville in the American Civil
War on October 8, 1862, the courthouse was appropriated by
Union forces for use as a hospital.
On October 11, a Union
force drove Confederate forces from the county fairgrounds through
In 1775, Archibald McNeill planted Kentucky's first recorded
crop at Clark's Run Creek near Danville.
Boyle County became one of ten Kentucky counties which together
produced over 90% of the US yield in 1889. It was the state's
largest cash crop until 1915 when it lost its market to imported
On October 5 2000, Dick Cheney
Senator Joe Lieberman
, candidates for
Vice President of
the United States
, debated at Centre College during the
Danville is located at .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of , of which,
of it is land.
- A bus service connects points inside Danville. Another connects
Danville to Lexington.
- Norfolk Southern
Railway operates a freight rail yard in Danville. Its
Louisville-Chattanooga line meets its Cincinnati-Chattanooga line
As of the census
of 2000, there were 15,477
people, 6,223 households, and 4,013 families residing in the city.
The population density
There were 6,734 housing units at an average density of . The
racial makeup of the city was 83.67% White
, 13.02% African American
, 0.04% Pacific Islander
, 0.82% from
, and 1.38%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.48% of the
Of the 6,223 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18
living with them, 47.4% were married
living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all
households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.82.
22.4% of the population was under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to
24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65
years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100
females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and
over, there were 81.2 males.
The median income for a household was US
32,938, and the median income for a family was $40,528. Males
had a median income of $35,327 versus $24,542 for females. The
per capita income
About 9.4% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the
, including 17.6% of those
under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Danville is served by two school districts:
serves the city of Danville.
Boyle County School District
serves areas of
Danville and the remainder of Boyle County.
School for the Deaf
Colleges and Universities
Places of Interest
- Centre College, a top liberal arts college and host to the 2000
Vice Presidential debates.
- Central Kentucky
- Community Arts Center, an historic Beaux Arts building and a hub for
local artist activity
- Confederate Monument, a statue dedicated to Kentucky's Civil War
- Constitution Square, where the first Kentucky constitution was written
- Crow-Barbee House, the oldest stone structure west of
the Allegheny Mountains
- Jones Visual Arts Center, a gallery and primary studio for internationally
known glass artist Stephen Rolfe
National Cemetery, where dead from the Battle of
Perryville are buried
- Ephraim McDowell House Museum, where the groundbreaking ovariotomy took
- Great American Dollhouse Museum, a social history
museum in miniature
Center for the Arts, host of numerous performing and visual
arts events throughout the year
Battlefield, where a significant Civil War battle took
- Pioneer Playhouse, the oldest outdoor theater in
- West T.
Films Shot in Danville
- William Clayton
Anderson (U.S. Congressman)
- Joshua Fry
Bell (Politician) Namesake of Bell County, Kentucky
- James G. Birney (Presidential Candidate,
Abolitionist) He drew enough votes in New York to cost Henry Clay the Presidency in 1844
- John Boyle (U.S.
Congressman) Namesake of Boyle County, Kentucky
- John C. Breckinridge (U.S. Vice President,
Presidential Candidate, Confederate general and Secretary of
- John Brown (Delegate to
Continental Congress, U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator)
- Rev. Samuel D. Burchard (Clergyman) His "Rum,
Romanism and rebellion" speech may have cost James G. Blaine the 1884 presidential
- Michael Burns
- Rick Dees (Radio Personality)
Maintains a farm near Danville, complete with radio studio from
which he would sometimes broadcast his Los Angeles morning
- Todd Duncan (Opera Singer and
- John Marshall Harlan (U.S.
Supreme Court Justice) "The Great Dissenter"
- Larnelle Harris (Gospel
- Harvey Helm (U.S. Congressman)
- John Kincaid (Politician)
- Robert P. Letcher (Politician) 15th governor of
- Ephraim McDowell (Surgeon)
Performed the world's first ovariotomy.
- Samuel McDowell (War hero and
politician) Instrumental in forming Kentucky
- Eddie Montgomery (Musician) One
half of the country music duo Montgomery Gentry
- John Norvell (Newspaper editor and
- Theodore O'Hara (Poet)
- William Owsley (Politician,
- Stephen Rolfe Powell (Glass
- Hugh L. Scott (Army general)
- Albert G. Talbott (Politician)
- Jacob Tamme (Professional
Major employers in Danville include
Danville has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International
- Fackler, Calvin M., Early Days in Danville, Standard
Printing Co., Louisville, 1941.