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Darfield is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshiremarker, Englandmarker. It lies east of the town of Barnsleymarker. It had a population of 8,066 at the 2001 UK Census.

History

Many Roman coins have been unearthed in Darfield, and there is evidence to suggest that the village contained Roman habitations in its history.

In Saxon, the name "Feld" describes 'a large area of pasture land' , while the term "Dere" refers to the deer which inhabited the forest. When combined, this gives the name Derefeld which later became Darfield.

There are records of an 8th-century church in Darfield, but when the Domesday Book was written in 1089 there was no mention of it.

Darfield remained an insignificant agricultural village for many centuries to come, until 1862. In that year, two mining companies sank shafts in the Barnsley district to exploit the rich seam of coal running through the area. Darfield Main colliery and Mitchells Main were local mines, the population of the village quickly increased and it became a labour pool for the surrounding coalmines. By 1901, over 4,000 people lived there compared to just 600 inhabitants in 1851

Until June 1963, Darfield had a railway stationmarker on the former Midland Railway's Sheffield Midlandmarker - Cudworthmarker - Leeds Citymarker line. The line itself closed in 1988 due to severe subsidence.

Education

  • Darfield Upperwood Primary Schoolmarker is a 4-11 community primary school, opened on 5 November 1973, that educates around 250 pupils. In July 2006 it was reported in the Barnsley Chronicle that a special investigation by council auditors into the school accounts raised questions about the way it was using public money. This received national media coverage when it appeared in the Yorkshire Post in March 2007.
  • Darfield Valley Primary School, Snape Hill Road, Darfield.
  • Darfield, All Saints, Church of England (Voluntary Controlled) Primary School, School Street, Darfield.
  • The Foulstone School, Nanny Marr Road, Darfield, a secondary school. In 2011 the school will, under reorganisation arrangements, merge with another school.


Notable residents



See also

List of Yorkshire Pits

References

  1. Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 2009-08-26
  2. "Upperwood Primary School", Barnsley.gov.uk, 2003
  3. "Inquiry urged over four-star spending at primary school", James Reed, Yorkshire Post, 26 March 2007
  4. "The Foulstone School - Inspection report", Ofsted, 11 June 2007
  5. "Ian McMillan", Peter Forbes, British Council, 2002
  6. "Ian McMillan - The South Bank Show", ITV, 15 July 2007



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