The Dassault Mirage 2000
is a French multirole,
single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter
manufactured by Dassault Aviation
It was designed as a lightweight fighter based on the Mirage III
in the late 1970s for the
French Air Force
. The Mirage 2000
evolved into a successful multirole aircraft with several variants
developed. The variants include the Mirage 2000N and 2000D
variants, the improved Mirage 2000-5 and several export variants.
Over 600 aircraft were built and it is in service in nine countries
as of 2009.
The French Air Force developed a requirement for the Avion de
(ACF) (French: "Future combat aircraft") in the
early 1970s. Dassault offered its twin-engine Super Mirage for the
ACF requirement. However, the Super Mirage was to be too costly and
was canceled in 1975. Dassault offered the single-engine Mirage
2000 as an alternative and was given approval to proceed by the
French government on 18 December 1975. This was a return to the
first generation Mirages, but with several important innovations
that tried to solve their shortcomings. Project chiefs were B.C.
Valliéres, J.Cabrière, J.C. Veber and B.Revellin-Falcoz.
Development of this small aircraft would also
give the company a competitor to the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, which had
defeated the Dassault Mirage F1
in a contest for a new fighter for the air forces of Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands and Norway.
Small single-engined fighters were clearly the most appreciated by
foreign customers, as experience with the larger, twin-engined
The prototype made its first flight in 10 March 1978Spick 2000, p.
420. with test pilot Jean Coreau at the controls. Despite the new
technologies applied, basing the new aircraft on the Mirage III
allowed the development of a
prototype in only 27 months from the program start to the first
In that summer, at the Farnborough
, this machine displayed not only excellent handling
capabilities, but also a full control at 204 km/h and 26
degree angle of attack
. This was
totally unexpected in a delta-wing fighter, and proved how CCD
controls were capable of overcoming the delta wing shortcomings
related to poor low-speed control, while retaining the advantages,
such as low-drag, low radar cross
, ideal high speed aerodynamics and simplicity, provided
by the absence of horizontal tail surfaces. The Mirage 2000 was one
of the stars of that airshow and became the direct adversary for
the F-16, which shared the CCD control and relaxed stability. The
02 Prototype followed in 18 September 1978 and 03 in 26 September
1979. After 400 hours of flight, they were sent to CEV (Centre
Experimental du Vol
). The 04 Prototype was a demonstrator made
by Dassault for its own purposes, and finally the first dual-seat
Mirage 2000B flew in 11 October 1980.
The first production example flew on 20 November 1982, and the
aircraft went into operational service in November 1982.Spick 2000,
p. 421. They were practically pre-production aircraft, because they
had no SARH missiles (RDM-1 radar) and the first model of SNECMA
'Super Atar' M-53-2.
The Mirage 2000 production line was shut down in 2007 after the
last aircraft was delivered. The last Mirage 2000 was delivered on
23 November 2007 to the Hellenic Air
Using the concept of the delta wing
interceptor seen on the Dassault
, Dassault built a new fighter jet design. This
configuration is not ideal with regard to maneuverability,
low-altitude flight, and distance required for take-off and
landing, but has advantages in high-speed flight characteristics,
simplicity of construction, low radar signature and internal
French Mirage 2000C fully armed.
The Mirage 2000 features a low-set thin delta wing with cambered
section, 58 degrees leading-edge sweep (4 at
the exit wing border) and moderately blended root; area-ruled; two
small canard wings, fixed, placed just behind the air intakes. The
flight commands on the wing are: four elevons (+15/-30°), four
, four airbrakes (2 above
and 2 below each wing).
is in front of its center of
, giving the fighter relaxed stability
maneuverability. It was the first fighter jet to incorporate
negative stability and fly-by-wire controls
in its design. An airbrake
fitted on top and below each wing in an arrangement very similar to
that of the Mirage III. A noticeably taller tailfin allows the
pilot to retain control at higher angles of attack
, assisted by small
mounted along each air intake.
It has a runway arresting hook
fairing for a brake parachute
fitted under the tail. The landing roll was reduced by robust
brakes. The backward-retracting,
steerable nose gear features dual wheels, while the main gear
features single wheels and retracts inward into the wings. A
parachute brake is on the tail, just above the engine
A fixed removable refueling probe can be attached in front of the
, offset slightly to the
right of center.
Multi-spar metal wing; elevons have carbon-fiber
skins with AG5 light alloy
cores; carbon-fiber/light alloy
honeycomb panel covers avionics
of the tailfin and all of the rudder are skinned with boron
/carbon; the rudder
has a light alloy honeycomb core.
Flight control system
The aircraft has a redundant fly-by-wire automatic flight control
system, providing a high degree of agility
and easier handling, together with stability and precise control in
all situations. The fighter's airframe is naturally unstable, and
so it is coupled with FBW commands to obtain the best agility;
however, in override mode it is still possible to exceed a
270 deg/sec roll rate and allows the aircraft to reach
(within the 12 g structural
limit), instead of 9 g when engaged. The system is reliable
with no known losses due to its failure.
aircraft uses a retractable tricycle type
landing gear by Messier-Bugatti, with twin
nosewheels and a single wheel on each main gear. Hydraulic
retraction, nosewheels rearward, main
units inward. Oleo-pneumatic shock
. Electrohydraulic nosewheel steering (+/-45 degrees).
Manual disconnect permits the nosewheel unit to caster
through 360 degrees for ground towing.
The fighter is available as a single-seat or two-seat multi-role
fighter. The pilot flies the aircraft by means of a centre stick
and left hand throttles
, with both incorporating hands-on-throttle-and-stick
(HOTAS) controls. The pilot sits on a SEMB Mark 10 zero-zero
(a license-built version
of the British Martin-Baker
Unlike in the F-16, the pilot sits in a conventional position,
without the steep backward slope of the F-16 seat. The cockpit is
quite small, and there is no bubble canopy. Despite this, the
cockpit visibility is quite good, but less than the F-16,
especially in the 'six o'clock' (rearwards-looking) position.
The instrument panel
Mirage 2000 C) is dominated by a Sextant VE-130 Heads Up Display
which presents data
relating to flight control, navigation, target engagement and
weapon firing, and the VMC-180 radar screen located centrally below
it. To the lower left is a stores management panel, above which are
the navigation instruments and altimeter
The right half of the instrument panel accommodates the engine
Located on the left side of the cockpit, just ahead of the throttle
, are controls for the communications
equipment, including the Have Quick
Avionics for the Mirage-2000B/C include the Sagem ULISS 52 inertial navigation system
TRT radio altimeter, Dassault Electronique Type 2084 central
digital computer, Digibus digital data bus and Sextant Avionique
Type 90 air data computer. The communication equipment package
includes the LMT NRAI-7A IFF transponder, IO-300-A marker beacon
receiver, TRT ERA 7000 V/UHF com transceiver, TRT ERA 7200 UHF or
EAS secure voice communications.
Thomson-CSF RDM multi-mode radar or Dassault
Electronique/Thomson-CSF RDI pulse-Doppler
radar for the Mirage 2000C/D, each
with an operating range of 54 nm (100 km / 62 miles).
This unit was an evolution of Cyrano
radars, with more
modern processing units and look-down/shoot-down capabilities. The
effective range is around 60–70 km with modest capabilities
against low-level targets. It is linked with Super R.530F missiles,
and equipped the first 37 aircraft delivered to the French Air Force
(Armée de l'Air) and most
exported Mirages. It has multirole capabilities that enable its use
in air-to-surface tasks, including anti-ship roles. The very early
RDM were still not linked with the Super R.530F missiles, but it
was solved quickly. Some recent export versions of the aircraft
carry the Thales RDY
developed for the Mirage 2000-5.
The Mirage 2000 is equipped with the Thales Serval Radar warning receiver
antennas on the wingtips
and on the rear of
the top of the tailfin. It is also equipped with the Dassault Sabre
RF jammer in a pod below the bottom of the tailfin, with the
antenna in a fairing on the front of the tailfin. The Dassault
Éclair dispenser system under the tail was eventually replaced by a
pair of Matra Spirale dispensers, each fitted on the extensions
behind the rear of each wingroot, giving a total capacity of 224
The Mirage 2000 is equipped with a SNECMA
-5 (first 37 airplanes), or SNECMA M53-P2 low-bypass ratio
engine, depending on the aircraft
version, which provides of thrust
dry and in
. The air intakes are fitted
with an adjustable half-cone-shaped centerbody, which provides an
inclined shock of air pressure
highly efficient air intake. Total internal fuel capacity is in the
Mirage 2000C and E, and in the Mirage 2000B, N, D and S. There are
also provisions for a jettisonable centerline fuselage fuel tank
and for a drop tank
under each wing.
Armament and payload
The Mirage 2000 is equipped with built-in twin DEFA 554
(now GIAT 30-550 F4) 30 mm
with 125 rounds each.
The cannons have selectable fire rates of 1,200 or 1,800 rounds per minute
. Each round weighs and has a
muzzle velocity of around .
The Mirage 2000 can carry up to (or 7 tonnes for -9 version) of
stores on nine pylon
, with two pylons
on each wing and five under the fuselage
External stores can include Matra Super
medium-range semi-active radar-guided air-to-air missile
on the inboard
wing pylons and underbelly, and Matra Magic
short-range infrared-seeking AAM on
wing pylons. Other short-range
missiles such as the AIM-9J/L/P are compatible and are often used
on Mirages which have been exported, because Magic itself was meant
as 'Sidewinder compatible'. The Mirage 2000C and later versions can
carry the lighter, more advanced MBDA MICA
instead of the Super 530D.
Mirage 2000s were used during the Gulf War
as well as in UN and NATO air
operations during the Bosnian War and
the Kosovo War. During Operation Deliberate Force in
1995, one aircraft was lost over Bosnia to a 9K38 Igla shoulder-launched missile fired by air defence units
of the Army of Republika
Srpska, prompting efforts to obtain improved defensive
Armée de l'Air Mirage 2000Ds later
served with the International Security
Assistance Force during the conflict in
Afghanistan in 2001-2002, operating in close conjunction with
international forces and performing precision attacks with laser-guided bombs. In summer 2007, after
the Rafale fighters had been removed from the
theater of operations, 3 French Mirage 2000s were deployed to
Afghanistan in support of NATO troops.
The Mirage 2000 is being replaced in French service by the Dassault Rafale
, which became operational
with the French Air Force on 27 June 2006.
October 1996, during the escalation over Imia/Kardak a Greek Mirage 2000 fired an R550 Magic and shot down a Turkish F-16D over the
The Turkish government claims was on a
training mission north of the Greek island of Samos, close to the
Turkish mainland. The Turkish pilot died, while the co-pilot
ejected and was rescued by Greek forces.
India has assigned
the nuclear strike role to their
In 1999 when the Kargil conflict
broke out, the Mirage 2000
performed well during the whole conflict in the Himalayan peaks,
even though the Mirages supplied to India had limited air interdiction
capability and had to be
heavily modified to drop dumb and laser-guided bombs
. The two Mirage
squadrons flew a total of 515 sorties, and in 240 strike missions
dropped 55,000 kg of ordnance. Easy maintenance
and a very
high sortie rate made the Mirage 2000 one of the most efficient
fighter of the Indian Air Force
in the conflict.
Emirates Mirage 2000s flew in the Gulf War, but saw little
Republic of China Air Force has used its Mirage 2000-5EIs in
weapons testing and exercises. On 1998-05-08, a two-seat DI fired
one MICA missile and successfully hit a target drone 67 km
away. It was the first launch of the said missile outside France.
The second MICA live-firing
took place off the east coast of Taiwan on 2000-03-29.
On 2004-07-21, two Mirage 2000-5s from the 2nd
landed on the wartime reserve runway located at the
section of Highway No. 1
part of the annual Han Kuang
No. 20 Exercise
Mirage 2000-5DI 2051, piloted by Maj. Wei-Kuang Chang
and Lt. Col. Juei-Chi Duan
, and 2054, piloted by Lt. Col.
and Capt. Jien-Liang Chen
, took off from their home
base Hsinchu Air Base at 0540 hrs. 2051 landed on the highway at
0620 hrs, followed by 2054 at 0622 hrs. The two jets then taxied to
the other end of the reserve runway to be refueled and re-armed
with two Magic air-to-air missiles then shortly took off
French Mirage 2000C
The first Mirage 2000 to go into service was the single-seat Mirage
. There were four
single-seat prototypes, including the initial Mirage 2000
prototype. The first production Mirage 2000C flew in November
. Deliveries began in 1983. The
first operational squadron was formed in 1984
, the 50th anniversary of the French Air Force
. A total of 124
Mirage-2000Cs were obtained by the AdA.
The first 37 Mirage 2000Cs delivered were fitted with the
Thomson-CSF RDM (Radar Doppler Multifunction) and were powered by
the SNECMA M53-5 turbofan engine. The 38th Mirage 2000C had an
upgraded SNECMA M53-5 P2 turbofan engine. The Radar Doppler Impulse
(RDI) built by Thales for the Mirage 2000C entered service in
. It has a much improved range
of about 150 km, and is linked to Matra Super 530D missiles,
which are much improved compared to the older Super 530F.
Look-down/shoot-down capabilities are much improved as well, but
this radar is not usually used for air-to-surface roles.
Upgrades includes the addition of the Non-Cooperative Target
Recognition (NTCR) mode to the RDI Radar to allow identification of
airborne targets not responding on IFF
integration for the Matra MICA
heat-seeking missile, and the ability to carry air-to-ground stores
such as Matra 68 mm rocket pods (18 each), Mk 80 series or
French 250, 400, and 1000 kg iron
, and cluster bombs
the Belouga or non-French models. Some variants, especially those
equipped with the RDM radar (mainly used in export models) have the
capability to use the Exocet anti-ship missile. Also, Indian Mirage
2000s have been integrated to carry the Russian R-73AE Archer
missile and the indigenous Indian built Astra missile.
Mirage 2000B nose close up.
The Mirage 2000B is a two-seat operational conversion trainer
variant which first flew on 11
October 1980. The Armée de
acquired 30 Mirage 2000Bs, and all three AdA fighter
wings each obtained several of them for conversion training.
Mirage 2000N and 2000D
The Mirage 2000N is the nuclear
variant which was intended to carry the Aerospatiale Air-Sol Moyenne
(ASMP) nuclear stand-off missile. Initial flight tests
of two prototypes began on February 3, 1983, and the Mirage 2000N
entered operational service in 1988. A total of 75 were
The Mirage 2000D is a dedicated conventional attack variant
developed from the Mirage 2000N. Initial flight of the Mirage 2000D
prototype, a modified Mirage 2000N prototype, was on February 19,
1991. The first flight of a production aircraft occurred March 31,
1993, and service introduction followed in April 1995. A total of
86 were built.
By the late 1980s, the Mirage 2000 was beginning to age compared
with the latest models of U.S. F-16 fighters, so Thomson-CSF began
work on a privately funded update of the Mirage 2000C which was to
be named the Mirage 2000-5. A two-seat Mirage 2000B prototype was
extensively modified as the first Mirage 2000-5 prototype, and it
first flew on October 24, 1990. A Mirage 2000C prototype was also
reworked to a similar standard, making its initial flight on April
27, 1991. The production aircraft entered operational service in
1997. A two-seat version was developed as well, whose rear seat has
a HUD but not an associated head-level display and lacks a built-in
cannon, although cannon pods can be carried.
Improvements included the Thales
pod as well as the
Thales multimode RDY
, which allows detection of up to 24 targets and the ability to
simultaneously track eight threats while guiding four MICA missiles
to different targets.Updates to defensive systems included the ICMS
2 countermeasures suite and the Samir DDM missile warning system.
ICMS 2 incorporates a receiver and associated signal processing
system in the nose for detecting hostile missile command data
links, and can be interfaced to a new programmable mission-planning
and post-mission analysis ground system. Avionics were also
updated, using a new Night
-compatible glass cockpit
layout borrowed from the Rafale
dual-linked wide-angle Head-up
, and HOTAS
controls. The Mirage
2000-5 can also carry the oversized drop
developed for the Mirage 2000N, greatly extending its
In 1993, the AdA decided to upgrade 37 of their existing Mirage
2000s to the 2000-5 specification as a stopgap before the arrival
of the Rafale in AdA service. The upgraded aircraft were
redesignated Mirage 2000-5F, and became operational in 2000. They
retained the old countermeasures system with the Serval
/Spirale units and
did not receive the ICMS 2 system.The AdA is now considering
upgrades for the type, including the MIDS
datalink, MICA IR support, and the Thales Topsight helmet-mounted display
Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2
Dassault further improved the Mirage 2000-5, creating the Mirage
2000-5 Mark 2 which is currently the most advanced variant of the
Mirage 2000. Enhancements to offensive systems included a datalink
for the targeting of MICA ER missiles, the addition of the Damocles
targeting pod, and a
all-weather synthetic aperture
with moving target
capability, which also grants the aircraft improved
air-to-ground capability. The avionics were further updated with
higher resolution color displays, an optional Topsight
helmet-mounted display, and the addition of the Modular Data
Processing Unit (MDPU) designed for the Rafale. A new Thales Totem
3000 inertial navigation
with ring laser
and GPS capability was added, providing much greater
accuracy, higher reliability, and shorter alignment time than the
older ULISS 52 navigation system which it replaced. Other upgrades
included the addition of an on-board oxygen generation system
(OBOGS) for the pilot and an ICMS 3 digital countermeasures
Further planned upgrades will include Thales
visual identification pod, a GPS receiver, MIDS datalink,
new long-range sensors, and the Topsight
helmet-mounted display. Other technology developed for the
Rafale will also be integrated into the Mirage 2000, including
infrared and optical sensors for IFF and targeting.
"Mirage 2000E" was a blanket designation for a series of export
variants of the Mirage 2000. These aircraft were fitted the M53-P2
engine and an enhanced "RDM+" radar, and all can carry the day-only
laser targeting pod.
Mirage 2000M (Egypt)
Egypt was the
first foreign buyer, ordering 16 single-seat Mirage 2000M and four
Mirage 2000BM trainers in late 1981, with deliveries beginning in
The Egyptians also purchased ATLIS
pods and a wide range of appropriate munitions, including
laser-guided ASMs, and
Mirage 2000H (India)
India has acquired
a total of 49 examples, including 42 single-seaters and 7
Indian Air Force Mirage 2000H.
The Indian Air
named the Mirage 2000 Vajra
also purchased appropriate stores along with the fighters,
including ATLIS II pods and laser-guided weapons.
Since India wanted the fighter quickly, the first part of an
initial batch of 26 single-seaters and 4 two-seaters was shipped to
the Indian Air Force
beginning in 1985 with the older M53-5 engines. These aircraft were
given the designations of Mirage 2000H5 and Mirage 2000TH5. The
second part of this initial batch consisted of 10 more
single-seaters with the M53-P2 engine, with these aircraft
designated Mirage 2000H. All the first batch was reengined with the
M53-P2, with the single-seaters re-designated "Mirage 2000H" and
the two-seaters re-designated Mirage 2000TH. A second batch of six
Mirage 2000H single-seaters and three Mirage 2000TH two-seaters was
shipped in 1987-1988.
, the Indian government
approved purchase of ten more Mirage 2000Hs, with these machines
featuring improved avionics, particularly an upgraded RDM-7 radar.
The Mirage 2000-5 was a contender for a planned Indian Air Force
126 fighter aircraft procurement in which it was competing with the
, F-16 Fighting Falcon
and JAS 39 Gripen
. However, Dassault announced it
had replaced the Mirage 2000 with the Rafale
as the contender for the deal since
the Mirage 2000 production line was to be closed.
India has announced a $1.9 billion program to arm 51 of its Mirage
2000 aircraft with the MBDA ASRAAM
dogfighting missile beginning in 2007.
Installation will require new radar, electronic warfare
equipment, and updates
to the cockpit and data bus. Pilot helmets will require addition of
a helmet-mounted sight. These will be the first Mirage aircraft to
carry the British missile and Dassault
, and MBDA
participate in the effort.
Mirage 2000P (Peru)
Peru placed an
order for 10 single-seat Mirage 2000Ps and 2 Mirage 2000DP
The Peruvians ordered a set of munitions similar
to that ordered by Egypt, along with ATLIS II targeting pods.
Mirage 2000-5EI (ROC-Taiwan)
In 1992, the Republic of
China Air Force
ordered 48 single-seat Mirage 2000-5EI
interceptors and 12 Mirage 2000-5DI trainers, with introduction of
the first squadron in 1997 and the last fighters delivered in 1999.
The Taiwanese ordered a set of ASTAC electronic intelligence
for their Mirages. This version of Mirage 2000-5 had the mid-air
refuel ability as well as its ground attack ability deleted.
France announced in 1992 that it would offer Mirage 2000-5 fighters
to Taiwan. The number of aircraft considered had been rumoured to
be 120, but the deal was finalized as 60 aircraft (48 single-seat
2000-5EIs and 12 two-seat 2000-5DIs) on November 17
of the same year. This marks the
first ROCAF purchase of French fighters since the arrival of 24
monoplanes in 1937. The program was given the codename "Fei
The ROCAF also obtained 960 MICA
medium-range and 480 Magic II
air-to-air missiles from Matra
. The former
provides the Mirage with the BVR
needed for its role as front-line interceptor. A number of
centerline twin gun pods with DEFA 554
cannons were also acquired and fitted on the two-seaters, as they
do not have an internal gun armament. Other support equipment, such
as auxiliary fuel tanks, helmets, and G-suits, have also been
The first batch of ROCAF Mirage 2000-5s, consisting of five
aircraft, arrived at Hualien Harbor
east coast of Taiwan by sea on 1997-05-06. After being unloaded,
they were towed to Hualien AB, where they were unpacked and
checked, and then flown to Hsinchu AB.
Subsequent deliveries also followed the
same procedure. The last ROCAF Mirage 2000-5 was delivered in an
official ceremony on 1998-11-26.
All Mirage 2000-5s are operated by the 499th
at Hsinchu. The first unit to convert to the type, the
, was commissioned on 1997-12-01.
Subsequently the 42nd TFS
on 1998-11-26. The 499th TFW achieved initial operating capability
(IOC) status on 2001-05-10, and the 48th
was commissioned on the same day.
On 2004-11-01, the 41st and 42nd TFSs were upgraded to the
"Tactical Fighter Group" status, while the 48th TFS became the 48th
Training Group, in the largest restructure undertaken by the ROCAF
since 1999. At the same time, the original 11th
went into history.
Mirage 2000-5EDA (Qatar)
Qatar ordered nine single-seat Mirage 2000-5EDAs and
three Mirage 2000-5DDA trainers, with initial deliveries starting
Mirage 2000EAD/RAD (UAE)
the UAE purchased 22
single-seat Mirage 2000EADs, 8 unique single-seat Mirage 2000RAD
reconnaissance variants, and 6 Mirage 2000DAD trainers, for a total
order of 36 machines. The order specified an Italian-made defensive avionics suite that delayed delivery
of the first of these aircraft until 1989.
The Mirage 2000RAD reconnaissance
variant does not have any built-in cameras or sensors, and the
aircraft can still be operated in air combat or strike roles. The
reconnaissance systems are implemented in pods, including the
Thales "SLAR 2000" radar pod, Dassault "COR2" multi-camera pod with
visible and infrared imaging capability, and the Dassault "AA-3-38
HAROLD" telescopic long-range optical camera pod. The UAE is the
only nation operating such a specialized reconnaissance variant of
the Mirage 2000 at this time.
Mirage 2000EG (Greece)
in March 1985, Greece ordered 36
single-seat Mirage 2000EGs and 4 Mirage 2000BG two-seat trainers,
as a part of the "Talos" modernization project.
Greek Mirage 2000EG climbing.
an ICMS 1 defensive countermeasures suite, which is an updated
version of the standard Mirage 2000C countermeasures suite and is
characterized by two small antennas near the top of the tailfin.
These Mirage 2000s were later modified in the field to carry the
Aerospatiale AM39 Exocet
In 2000, Greece ordered a batch of 15 new Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2
fighters, and had 10 existing Mirage 200EGs upgraded to Mirage
2000-5 Mk. 2 standards. The Greek Mirage 2000-5 Mk. 2s feature the
SATURN secure radio.
Mirage 2000BR (Brazil)
Dassault participated in a competition to replace the Brazilian Air
Force's aging Mirage IIIEBR/DBR
Mirage 2000BR, another variant of the Mirage 2000-9. However, due
to Brazilian fiscal problems, the competition dragged on for years
until it was suspended in February 2005. Later in July 2005
, however, Brazil agreed to purchase 10
Mirage 2000C and 2 Mirage 2000B trainer aircraft which had been
retired from French service under the designation "F-2000".
two Mirage 2000C and Mirage 2000B were delivered to the FAB base at Anápolis on 4 September 2006, and the last two were
delivered on 26 August 2008.
Mirage 2000-9 is the export variant of Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2. The UAE
was the launch customer, ordering 32 new-build aircraft, comprising
20 Mirage 2000-9 single-seaters and 12 Mirage 2000-9D two-seaters.
Initial deliveries of the UAE Mirages began in the spring 2003.
30 of Abu
Dhabi's older Mirage 2000s will also be upgraded to
Mirage 2000-9 standard.
The UAE's Mirage 2000-9s are equipped for the strike mission, with
the Shehab laser targeting pod (a variant of the Damocles) and the
Nahar navigation pod, complementing the air-to-ground modes of the
RDY-2 radar. They are also equipped with a classified countermeasures
system designated "IMEWS",
which is comparable to the ICMS 3. The UAE is also obtaining the
"Black Shaheen" cruise missile
is basically a variant of the MBDA
cruise missile similar to Storm
Operators of the Mirage 2000
List of users and variants
|Updated to 2000-5F specs
||Two-seat conventional strike
||Two-seat nuclear strike
||Two-seater with 2000C kit
||To be upgraded to 2000-5
||Unique reconnaissance variant
||Similar to 2000-5
||Similar to 2000-5D
||Similar to 2000C
|2000-5 Mk 2
||Similar to 2000C
||Single-seat multirole fighter
Specifications (Mirage 2000C)
Mirage 2000C variants were featured in the 2005 French film
Les Chevaliers du
(Lit.The Knights of the Sky
, English release
title: Sky Fighters, starring Benoît
as Capt. Antoine "Walk'n" Marchelli and Clovis Cornillac
as Capt. Sébastien
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