The Full Wiki

Daventry: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Daventry ( , historically ) is a market town in Northamptonshiremarker, Englandmarker, with a population of 22,367 (2001 census). The town is also the administrative centre of the larger Daventry districtmarker, which has a population of 71,838. The town is 124 km (77 miles) north-northwest of Londonmarker, 22.4 km (13.9 miles) west of Northamptonmarker and 16.4 km (10.2 miles) southeast of Rugbymarker. Daventry is near the M1 motorway with access to two junctions to the northeast and southeast of the town. The town is also served by the A45 and the A361. The nearest railway station is at Long Buckbymarker where access is gained to the London Midland services to Birmingham New Streetmarker and Northamptonmarker, on the Northampton loop of the West Coast Main Linemarker. Inter-city services (Virgin Trains) can be accessed from Rugby railway stationmarker. The nearest major international airport is at Birmingham Internationalmarker with a more local facility serving some European destinations at Coventry Airportmarker.

Description

The town comprises a historic market centre surrounded by much modern housing and light industrial development. On the edge of the town centre is the popular Daventry Country Parkmarker and reservoir.
A street market is held every Tuesday and Friday in High Street, although its original site was on the aptly-named Market Square. On the first Saturday of each month a farmers' market is held in High Street.

The town once had a railway stationmarker on the former LNWR branch-line from Weedon to Leamington Spa, but it was closed in September 1958. The local weekly newspaper, the Daventry Express, is nicknamed 'The Gusher', after the steam engine that used to serve the town.

Owing to its good transport links, Daventry is now a warehousing and distribution centre. North of the town Daventry International Railfreight Terminalmarker (DIRFT) is a major terminal for freight interchange between road and rail.

Nearby places to Daventry include: Rugbymarker, Southammarker, Banburymarker, Northamptonmarker and Coventrymarker. The town is twinned with Westerburgmarker, Germanymarker.

An alternative pronunciation for Daventry used by locals is 'Daintree,' but this has become less common.

History

Early history

On the 653-foot (199 m)-high Borough Hillmarker that overlooks the town, remains have been found of an Iron Age hill fort – one of the largest found in Britain. Remains have also been found on the hill of a Roman villamarker.

Daventry began as a small Anglo-Saxon village in around 920 and by the 12th century had become home to a priory. In 1255 Daventry was granted a charter to become a market town. In 1576 Queen Elizabeth I granted Daventry borough status.

The town was mentioned by William Shakespeare in Henry VI, Part I, which refers to "the red-nosed innkeeper of Daintree".

The earliest form of the name of Daventry, the Celtic dwy-afon-tre, "the town of two avons,"(i.e. "the town of two rivers"), describes its geographical situation between the nearby sources of the river Leammarker, which flows west, and the river Nenemarker which flows east. The "Daintree" Shakespeare wrote about, the name persisting to this day, spelt Danetre, grew from a tradition that Danish settlers planted an oak tree on the summit of Borough Hill to mark the centre of England. This part of the town's history is reflected in the town's seal of a Viking/Saxon axeman and an oak tree. The town appears as Dauentre on the Christopher Saxton map of 1637.

During the English Civil War, the army of King Charles I stayed at Daventry in 1645 after storming the Parliamentary garrison at Leicestermarker and on its way to relieve the siege of Oxfordmarker. The Royalist army, made up of 5,000 foot and as many horse, camped on Borough Hill (then spelt Burrow Hill) while Charles went hunting in the nearby forests.

According to local legend, it was during his stay at the Wheatsheaf Inn in Daventry that Charles was twice visited by the ghost of his former adviser and friend, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, who advised him to keep heading north and warned him that he would not win through force of arms.

However, Parliament's newly formed New Model Army, led by Sir Thomas Fairfax, was marching north from besieging Oxford after being instructed to engage the King's main army. Fairfax's leading detachments of horse clashed with Royalist outposts near Daventry on the 12th of June, alerting the King to the presence of the Parliamentary army. The Royalists made for their reinforcements at Newark-on-Trentmarker but after reaching Market Harboroughmarker turned to fight, which resulted in the decisive Battle of Nasebymarker. The village of Naseby is approximately northeast of Daventry.

Stagnation and decline 1840–1960

The main roads from Londonmarker to Holyheadmarker passed through Daventry and the town for centuries flourished as a coaching town. There were many coaching inns in the town of which only the Dun Cow, Saracens Head, and the Coach and Horses remain as inns.
The Dun Cow, an old coaching inn
But when the London and Birmingham Railway was opened in 1838 the coaching trade slumped and the town entered a long period of stagnation and decline which lasted for over a century. The Industrial Revolution largely passed Daventry by owing to its poor transport links. The canals passed around Daventry, although the Grand Junction Canalmarker (now Grand Union) passed a few miles north. A branch from the Grand Union Canal to Daventry was proposed but was never built.

The railways did not connect Daventry until quite late in the 19th century. Although the town was only a few miles from the main London to Birmingham line it took until 1888 before a branch line was built from Weedonmarker to Daventry railway stationmarker. In 1895 the line was extended to Leamington Spamarker, although being only a branch line this failed to spur much growth. Daventry's economy remained largely rural, with shoemaking as the main industry.

The Parish Church

Holy Cross Church
Holy Cross is the parish church of Daventry and is the only 18th-century town church in Northamptonshiremarker. It was built between 1752 and 1758 by David Hiorne and is constructed of the local ironstone. The western elevation is broad with large pilasters at the angles and the angles of the centre bay. The entrance porch was added in 1951. The tower rises from the centre bay and is square ending with an obelisk spire rising above. Inside, the church has three wooden galleries, to the north, south and west elevations. The pulpit is decorated with marquetry and fretwork and has a staircase with a twisted balusters. Above the altar at the eastern elevation is a three-bayed stained glass window.

The Moot Hall

The Moot Hall, Daventry
The Moot Hall stands on the north side of the market square next to the Plume of Feathers inn. It was built in 1769 from ironstone and has had various uses over the years, including town council building, a women’s prison, the mayor's parlour, town museum and tourist information office and in recent years as an Indianmarker restaurant. The building, which is currently unused, is of two and a half storeys, and has three bays of windows. The main entrance and its porch is on the western elevation where the building is connected to a house built in 1806. The original staircase from the Moot Hall is now installed at Welton Manor House.

Broadcasting station

In 1925 the newly created BBC constructed a broadcasting station on Borough Hillmarker just outside the town. Daventry was chosen because it was the point of maximum contact with the land mass of England and Walesmarker. From 1932 the BBC Empire Service (now the BBC World Service) was broadcast from there. The radio announcement of "Daventry calling" made Daventry well-known across the world. It was the BBC's use of the literal pronunciation in this call-sign that resulted in the widespread displacement of the historical pronunciation "Daintree" ( ), though the latter is still used in some circumstances locally, as in the name of Danetre Hospital.

On 26 February 1935 the radio station at Daventry was used for the first-ever practical demonstration of radar, by its inventor Robert Watson-Watt, who used a radio receiver installed in a trailer to receive signals bounced off a metal-clad bomber flying up and down the radio beam.

The station closed in 1992 and only one of the radio masts now remains. A busy directional radio beacon (VOR), identifier "DTY", for aircraft is situated approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the town. The town also gives its name to the busy Daventry air traffic control sector.

See also Borough Hill Roman villamarker.

Modern times

Daventry's High Street


The modern growth of Daventry occurred from the 1960s onwards as part of a planned expansion of the town.

Daventry remained a small rural town until the 1950s; in 1950 it had a population of around 4,000. Real growth started in 1955 when the tapered roller bearing manufacturer Timken located a large factory in the town (the factory closed in 2000).

In the early 1960s, Daventry was designated as an 'overspill' to house people and industry relocated from Birminghammarker; a planned expansion was carried out as part of an agreement with Birmingham City Council. The plan did not, however, live up to expectations. The target population was 36,000 by 1981, but actual growth was much slower than this; nevertheless, by 1981 the population had soared to 16,178 and by 2001 it was 22,367. More recently, a new wave of development has been proposed which could take the town's population to about 40,000 by 2021.

In 1974, the old borough of Daventry was abolished and merged into the new Daventry districtmarker, which also included a large rural area and had a population of 71,838 in 2001. In 2003, Daventry gained its own Town Council when it became a civil parish.

In 2006, the outdoor pool – which had been built and funded by Daventry residents in the 1950s following the drowning of three children in the local reservoir – was closed due to the district council's persistent underfunding and its plans for redevelopment. In 2007, Daventry began plans to modernise the town with a futuristic personal rapid transit system that would link outer estates to the town centre, and a canal arm with marina next to the former site of the outdoor pool.

Education

Daventry has two secondary schools: Daventry William Parker and Danetre. Primary education facilities include St James Infant School, Falconer's Hill Junior School, Abbey Junior School and Ashby Fields Primary School.Daventry now has a lot of estates, which include: Drayton, Middlemore Farm, Lang Farm, Ashby Fields, Royal Oak, Timken and New Timken. As the district has spread out, other notable secondary schools have become joined to Daventry, including Guilsborough Schoolmarker and Technology College, and Moulton School and Science Collegemarker.

See also



References

Notes
  1. Ordnance Survey Explorer Map, Rugby & Daventry 222, ISBN 978 0 319 23734 2
  2. Vision of Britain
  3. House of Names
  4. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50915
  5. The Buildings of England, Northamptonshire, by Nikolaus Pevsner, 2nd Edition revised by Bridget Cherry, p. 173. ISBN 0 14 071022 1
  6. BBC news article
  7. West Northamptonshire Development Corporation Vision for Daventry
  8. Daventry Town Council
Bibliography
  • Greenall, R.L. (1999). Daventry Past. Chichester, West Sussex: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 1-86077-108-4.


External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message