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David Ernest Duke (born July 1, 1950) is an American white nationalist, former Grand Wizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, former Republican Louisiana State Representative, and a candidate in presidential primaries in 1992 and in the general election for President in 1988.

Duke describes himself as a racial realist asserting that "all people have a basic human right to preserve their own heritage". He speaks in favor of voluntary racial segregation and white separatism.

Duke has also unsuccessfully run for the Louisiana State Senate, U.S. Senate, U.S. House of Representatives, Governor of Louisiana, and twice for President of the United States.

Youth and early adulthood

David Duke was born in Tulsa, Oklahomamarker to David H. Duke and Alice Maxine Crick. As the son of an engineer for Shell Oil, Duke frequently moved with his family around the world. They lived a short time in the Netherlandsmarker before settling in Louisianamarker. In the late 1960s, Duke met the leader of the white separatist National Alliance, William Pierce, who would remain a life-long influence. Duke joined the Ku Klux Klan in 1967.

Duke studied at Louisiana State Universitymarker in Baton Rougemarker, and in 1970, he formed a white student group called the White Youth Alliance; it was affiliated with the National Socialist White People's Party. The same year, to protest William Kunstler's appearance at Tulane Universitymarker in New Orleansmarker, Duke appeared at a demonstration in Nazi uniform. Picketing and holding parties on the anniversary of Adolf Hitler's birth, he became notorious on campus for wearing a Nazi uniform.

Reforming the KKK

Duke went to Laosmarker for ten weeks in 1971 to teach English to Laotian military officers and to serve on cargo flights for Air America.

Duke graduated from Louisiana State University in 1974 and joined the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. He gained attention for trying to modernize the Klan. A follower of Duke, Thomas Robb, changed the title of Grand Wizard to National Director, and replaced the Klan's white robes with business suits.

Family life

While working in the White Youth Alliance, Duke met Chloê Hardin, who became active in the group. They remained companions throughout college and married in 1974. Hardin is the mother of Duke's two daughters, Erika and Kristin. They divorced in 1984, and Hardin moved to West Palm Beachmarker to be near her parents. There she became involved with Duke's Klan friend, Don Black, whom she later married.

Political campaigns

1979 Louisiana State Senate District 10

In 1979, Duke ran as a Democrat for the 10th district seat in the Louisiana State Senate. He finished second in a three candidate race with 9,897 votes for 26.26%.

Duke allegedly conducted a direct-mail appeal in 1987, using the identity and mailing-list of the Georgia Forsyth County Defense League without permission. League officials described it as a fund-raising scam. (It is detailed in The Rise of David Duke by Tyler Bridges.)

1988 Presidential Campaigns

In 1988, Duke ran initially in the Democratic presidential primaries. His campaign failed to make much of an impact, with the one notable exemption of winning the little known New Hampshire Vice-Presidential primary. Duke having failed to gain much traction as a Democrat then successfully sought the Presidential nomination of the Populist Party. He appeared on the ballot for President in eleven states (was a write-in candidate in some other states), some with Trenton Stokes of Arkansasmarker for Vice President, and on other state ballots with Floyd Parker for Vice President. He received just 47,047 votes, for 0.04 percent of the combined, national popular vote.

1989: Successful run in special election for Louisiana House seat

In December 1988, Duke changed his political affiliation from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party.

In 1988, Republican State Representative Charles Cusimano of Metairiemarker resigned his District 89 seat to become a 24th Judicial District Court judge, and a special election was called early in 1989 to select a successor. Duke entered the race to succeed Cusimano and faced several opponents, including fellow Republicans, John Spier Treen, a brother of former Governor David C. Treen, and Roger F. Villere, Jr., who operates Villere's Florist in Metairie. Duke finished first in the primary with 3,995 votes (33.1 percent). As no one received a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff election was required between Duke and Treen, who polled 2,277 votes (18.9 percent) in the first round of balloting. John Treen's candidacy was endorsed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush, former President Ronald W. Reagan, and other notable Republicans, as well as the Democrat Victor Bussie (president of the Louisiana AFL-CIO) and Edward J. Steimel (president of the Louisiana Association of Business and Industry and former director of the "good government" think tank, the Public Affairs Research Council). Duke, however, hammered Treen on a statement the latter had made indicating a willingness to entertain higher property taxes, anathema in that suburban district. Duke with 8,459 votes (50.7 percent) defeated Treen, who polled 8,232 votes (49.3 percent). He served in the House from 1990 until 1992.

From his legislative base, Duke thereafter launched unsuccessful campaigns for the U.S. Senate in 1990 and governor in 1991. Villere did not again seek office but thereafter concentrated his political activity within the GOP organization.

Political analyst Stephen Mark Sabludowsky (born 1950) of Metairie notes certain ironies in that 1989 special legislative race:

"Duke won that legislative seat, became a political nightmare for Governor Buddy Roemer and Republican chairman William "Billy" Nungesser. . . . Duke's fortunes soured as he attempted to run for President, later spent time in jail, then peddled his racism and Nazism and 'loony tunes' philosophies in the likes of Russiamarker, Iranmarker, and elsewhere. . . . Meanwhile, the young [thirty-nine] Roger Villere worked his way up the ladder of the Louisiana Republican Party, ultimately earning the position of chairman."

In late 1980s, Duke reportedly had his nose thinned and chin augmented. Following his election to the Louisiana House of Representatives, he shaved his moustache.

1990 campaign for U.S. Senate

In 1990, in the October 6 primary, Duke ran as a Republican against three Democrats including incumbent Senator J. Bennett Johnston, Jr.

The Republican Party endorsed state Senator Ben Bagert of New Orleans, but national GOP officials anticipated that Bagert could not win and was fragmenting Johnston's support; so funding for Bagert's campaign was halted, and he dropped out two days before the election, though his name remained on the ballot. In the last week of the campaign, Republican Senator John Danforth of Missourimarker openly endorsed Johnston.

Duke's views prompted some of his critics (including Republicans) to form the Louisiana Coalition Against Racism and Nazism, which directed media attention to Duke's statements of hostility to blacks and Jews.

Duke received 43.51 percent (607,391 votes) of the vote to Johnston's 53.93 percent (752,902 votes), and, according to exit polls, Duke received more than 60 percent of the white vote.

In a 2006 editorial, Gideon Rachman (The Economist, the Financial Times) recalled interviewing Duke's campaign manager (from his 1990 campaign) who said, "The Jews just aren't a big issue in Louisiana. We keep telling David, stick to attacking the blacks. There's no point in going after the Jews, you just piss them off and nobody here cares about them anyway."

1992 Republican Party presidential candidate

In 1992 Duke ran for the nomination. Democrat Party officials tried to block his participation. He received 119,115 (0.94%) votes in the primaries, but no delegates to the national convention.

In 1992 a film was released that investigated Duke's appeal among some white voters. Backlash: Race and the American Dream explored the demagogic issues of Duke's platform, examining his use of black crime, welfare, affirmative action and white supremacy and tied Duke to a legacy of other white backlash politicians, such as Lester G. Maddox and George C. Wallace, Jr., and the use in the 1988 Presidential campaign of Pres. George H.W. Bush of these same racially themed hot buttons.

1991 campaign for Governor of Louisiana

Despite repudiation by the Republican Party, Duke ran for Louisiana Governor in 1991. In the open primary, Duke was second to former governor Edwin Edwards in votes; thus, he faced Edwards in a runoff. In the initial round, Duke received 32% of the vote. Incumbent Governor Buddy Roemer, who had switched from the Democratic to Republican parties during his term, came in third with 27% of the vote. Duke effectively killed Roemer's bid for re-election. While Duke had a sizable core constituency of devoted supporters, many voted for him as a "protest vote" to register dissatisfaction with Louisiana's establishment politicians. Duke said he was the spokesman for the "White majority." He took a strong anti-establishment stance reminiscent of George Wallace, in the 1968 presidential campaign.

Between the primary and the runoff, called the "general election" under Louisiana election rules (in which all candidates run on one ballot, regardless of party), white supremacist organizations from around the country contributed to his campaign fund. He was also endorsed by James Meredith, black civil rights figure.

Duke's success garnered national media attention. While Duke gained the backing of the quixotic former Alexandriamarker Mayor John K. Snyder, he won few serious endorsements in Louisiana. Celebrities and organizations donated thousands to Edwards' campaign. Referencing Edwards' long-standing problem with accusations of corruption, popular bumper stickers read: "Vote for the Crook. It's Important," and "Vote for the Lizard, not the Wizard." When a reporter asked Edwards what he needed to do to triumph over Duke, Edwards replied with a smile: "Stay alive."

Edwards received 1,057,031 votes (61.2%). Duke's 671,009 votes represented 38.8% of the total. Duke claimed victory, saying: "I won my constituency. I won 55% of the white vote." Exit polls confirmed that he had. In reality, Duke had done little better in percent terms than the first major Republican gubernatorial candidate in modern Louisiana history, Charlton Lyons, had done in 1964.

1996 campaign for US Senate

When Johnston announced his retirement in 1996, Duke ran again for the U.S. Senate. He polled 141,489 votes (11.5%). Former Republican state representative Woody Jenkins of Baton Rouge and Democrat Mary Landrieu of New Orleans, the former state treasurer, went into the general election contest. Duke was fourth in the nine-person, jungle primary race.

Campaign to succeed Bob Livingston

Because of the sudden resignation of powerful Republican incumbent Bob Livingston in 1999, a special election was held in Louisiana's First Congressional District. Duke sought the seat as a Republican and received 19% of the vote. He finished a close third, thus failing to make the runoff. His candidacy was repudiated by the Republicans. Republican Party Chairman Jim Nicholson remarked: "There is no room in the party of Lincoln for a Klansman like David Duke." Republican state representative David Vitter (now a U.S. Senator) went on to defeat Republican ex-Governor David C. Treen. Also in the race was the New Orleans Republican leader Rob Couhig.

1999 Campaign for US House of Representatives

In 1999 Duke ran for Louisiana's First Congressional District. Duke finished third in the May 1, 1999 election with 28,059 votes (19.15%).

2004 campaign manager to Roy Armstrong's Campaign for US House

In 2004, Duke's bodyguard, roommate, and longtime associate Roy Armstrong made a bid for the United States House of Representatives to serve Louisiana's First Congressional District. In the open primary Armstrong finished second in the six candidate field with 6.69% of the vote but Republican Bobby Jindal received 78.40% winning the seat. Duke was the head advisor of the campaign.

Controversies and affiliations

Knights of the Ku Klux Klan

In 1974, David Duke founded the Louisiana-based Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, a Ku Klux Klan group, shortly after graduating from LSU. He first received broad public attention during this time, as he successfully marketed himself in the mid-1970s as a new brand of Klansman — well-groomed, engaged, and professional. Duke also reformed the organization, promoting nonviolence and legality, and, for the first time in the Klan's history, women were accepted as equal members and Catholics were encouraged to apply for membership.

NAAWP

In 1980, Duke left the Klan and formed the National Association for the Advancement of White People (NAAWP).

On May 20, 2004, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) became outraged when it discovered that David Duke had chosen New Orleansmarker to host his International NAAWP Conference during the NAACP's Big Easy Rally to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision.

Ernst Zündel and the Zundelsite

Duke has expressed his support for prominent German-Canadian Holocaust denier Ernst Zündel. Duke makes a number of statements in support of Zündel and his Holocaust denial campaign. After the aging Zündel was deported from Canada to Germany and imprisoned in Germany on charges of inciting the masses to ethnic hatred, Duke called him a "political prisoner."

Interregional Academy of Personnel Management

In September 2005, Duke received a Kandidat Nauk degree in History from the Ukrainian Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (MAUP). The degree of Kandidat Nauk is routinely translated and officially recognized in the United States of America as the equivalent of PhD (in thousands of cases, today, both as academic credentials in CV, and in job appointments or scientific publications). The former Soviet system and its descendent scientific classification in the ex-USSR countries has an even more advanced degree of Doctor of Science, of which the American tradition possesses no equivalent.

His doctoral thesis was titled "Zionism as a Form of Ethnic Supremacism". Prior to earning his Ph.D., Duke had received an honorary doctorate. The Interregional Academy of Personnel Management is regarded as the main source of antisemitic activity and publishing in Ukrainemarker, and its "anti-Semitic actions" were "strongly condemned" by Foreign Minister of Ukraine Borys Tarasyuk and various Jewish interest and anti-racist organizations. Duke has been allowed to teach an international relations and a history course at MAUP.

Abraham Ribicoff, who read Duke's dissertation defended at the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, which the Anti-Defamation League describes as a "University of Hate , where Duke received his doctorate for his paper , stated that:

"No matter how many examinations David Duke has passed, the volume of his research, number of academic citations of his dissertation, or the cleverness of his literary style, his work libels the Jewish people.
It concludes that Zionism is an ideology of ethnic supremacy and that Israel is a Jewish-supremacist state.
It’s all a lie.
In truth, Israel is the only true democracy in the Mideast." and went on to say that "Jews had to be concerned that in spite of the fact that David Duke fulfilled the technical academic requirements for the Doctorate, awarding such a degree and title was dangerous because a legitimate doctoral degree adds authority to his statements and writings.
The fact that David Duke now has the formal title of Dr. David Duke is maddening.
It seriously hampers the intellectual struggle against anti-Semitism.
Someone has to do something about MAUP, it is a national disgrace for Ukraine."


New Orleans Protocol

Shortly after his release from prison for Tax fraud in 2004, Duke organized a weekend gathering of "European Nationalists", in the vein of White nationalism, in Kenner, Louisianamarker. In an attempt to overcome the splintering and division that had followed the death of William Pierce in 2002, he presented a unity proposal for peace within the movement and a better image amongst outsiders. His proposal was accepted and is now known as the "New Orleans Protocol". It pledges adherents to a pan-European outlook, recognizing national and ethnic allegiance, but stressing the value of all European peoples. It has three provisions:
  1. "Zero tolerance for violence."
  2. "Honorable and ethical behavior in relations with other signatory groups. This includes not denouncing others who have signed this protocol. In other words, no enemies on the right."
  3. "Maintaining a high tone in our arguments and public presentations."
Those who signed the pact on May 29, 2004 include Duke, Paul Fromm, Don Black, Willis Carto, Kevin Alfred Strom, and John Tyndall (signing as an individual, not on behalf of his British National Party).

Publications

Finders-Keepers

Duke wrote a self-help book for women to raise money under the pseudonym Dorothy Vanderbilt and James Konrad, titled Finders-Keepers - Finding and Keeping the Man You Want which contains sexual, diet, fashion, cosmetic and relationship advice, published by Arlington Place Books in 1976. Professor Lawrence N. Powell, who read a rare copy of the book given to him by Patsy Sims, wrote that it includes advice on vaginal exercises, fellatio, and anal sex. The book is out of print and difficult to find; however, according to Tyler Bridges, The Times-Picayune obtained a copy and traced its proceeds to Duke who compiled the information from women's self-help magazines.

My Awakening

Duke published his autobiography My Awakening: A Path to Racial Understanding in 1998. The book details Duke's social philosophies, especially his reasoning behind racial separation. In the book, Duke says:

We (Whites) desire to live in our own neighborhoods, go to our own schools, work in our own cities and towns, and ultimately live as one extended family in our own nation.
We shall end the racial genocide of integration.
We shall work for the eventual establishment of a separate homeland for African Americans, so each race will be free to pursue its own destiny without racial conflicts and ill will.


The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) book review refers to it as containing racist, antisemitic, sexist and homophobic views.

To raise the money to re-publish a new, updated edition of My Awakening, Duke instigated a 21-day fundraising drive on November 26, 2007 where he had to raise "$25,344 by a December 17 deadline for the printers." Duke states this drive is necessary because the work "has become the most important book in the entire world in the effort to awaken our people for our heritage and freedom."

Jewish Supremacism

In 2002, Duke traveled to Eastern Europe to promote his book, Jewish Supremacism: My Awakening on the Jewish Question in Russia in 2003. The book purports to "examine and document elements of ethnic supremacism that have existed in the Jewish community from historical to modern times." The book is dedicated to Israel Shahak, a critical author of what Shahak saw as supremacist religious teachings in Jewish culture. Former Boris Yeltsin administration official and prominent far-right politician Boris Mironov wrote an introduction for the Russian edition, called "The Jewish Question Through the Eyes of an American."

The ADL office in Moscow urged the Moscow prosecutor to open an investigation of Mironov. The ADL office initiated a letter from a prominent Duma member to Russia’s Prosecutor General Vladimir Ustinov, urging a criminal case be opened against the author and the Russian publisher of Duke’s book. The letter by Alexander Fedulov described the book as antisemitic and as violating Russian anti-hate crime laws. In December 2001[?], Prosecutor's office closed the investigation of Boris Mironov and Jewish Supremacism. In a public letter, Yury Biryukov, First Deputy of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, stated that a socially-psychological examination, which was conducted as a part of the investigation, concluded that the book and the actions of Boris Mironov did not break Russian hate-crime laws.

Duke says his views had been "vindicated" with the publication of The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy by professors John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt and said he was "surprised how excellent [the paper] is." Duke dedicated several radio webcasts to the book and the authors comparing it to his work 'Jewish Supremacism' , although Walt has stated that, "I have always found Mr. Duke's views reprehensible, and I am sorry he sees this article as consistent with his view of the world".

While Duke says that his books "have become two of the two most influential and important books in the world." the ADL refer to the book as antisemitic , Duke denies the book is motivated by antisemitism.

At one time, the book was sold in the main lobby of the building of Russian State Duma (lower house of parliament). The first printing of 5,000 copies sold out in several weeks.

In 2004, the book was published in the United States. Originally published in English and Russian, the book has subsequently been translated internationally into Swedish, Ukrainian, Persian, Hungarian and most recently, Spanish.

In 2007, an updated edition was published which Duke purports to be a "fine quality hardback edition with full color dust jacket and it has a new index and a number of timely additions"

Internet commentary

Stormfront

In 1995, Don Black and Chloê Hardin, Duke's ex-wife, began a small bulletin board system (BBS) called Stormfront. Today, Stormfront has become a premier online forum for white nationalism, Neo-Nazism, hate speech, racism, and antisemitism. Duke has an account on Stormfront which he uses to post articles from his own website, www.davidduke.com, as well as polling forum members for opinions and questions, in particular during his internet broadcasts. Duke has worked with Don Black on numerous projects including Operation Red Dog in 1980.

On February 5, 2002, Duke said, on his Internet radio show, that Ariel Sharon was "the world's worst terrorist" and that Mossad was involved in the September 11 attacks. The broadcast said that Zionists were behind the attacks in order to reduce sympathy for Muslim nations in the West, and that the number of Israelis killed in the attack was lower than it would be under normal circumstances, citing early assessments by The Jerusalem Post and "the legendary involvement of Israeli nationals in businesses at the World Trade Centermarker". According to Duke, this indicated that Israeli security services had prior knowledge of the attack.

On August 5, 2005, Duke published an article stating support for Cindy Sheehan, saying that:
"The Iraq war and her son’s death did not defend America from hatred or terrorism" and that "In fact, the war is massively increasing hatred and terrorism. For every one terrorist killed in Iraq, we are creating thousands more who hate and want to hurt America and Americans. This is the surest way to lose the war on terror, not win it."


On February 4, 2009, Duke repeatedly called MSNBC pundit Keith Olbermann "untermensch" on his radio show in response to being labeled "Worst Person in the World" on Countdown with Keith Olbermann.

Public appearances

Public address in Syria

On November 24, 2005, Duke visited Damascusmarker, Syriamarker, addressing a rally which was broadcast on Syrian television, and later giving an interview. During the rally, he referred to Israelmarker as a "war-mongering country" and stated that Zionists "occupy most of the American media and now control much of the American government…It is not just the West Bank of Palestine, it is not just the Golan Heights that are occupied by the Zionists, but Washington D.C. and New York and London and many other capitals of the world.” He concluded by stating: "Your fight for freedom is the same as our fight for freedom.” After speaking at the rally, Duke gave an interview where he said that Israel "makes the Nazi state look very, very moderate." Syrian parliament member Muhammad Habash later stated that Duke's visit gave Syrians a "new and very positive view of the average American."

Comments in the media

Since 2005, Duke has appeared three times on Current Issues, a Lafayette, Louisianamarker–based television show hosted and produced by Palestinian-American Hesham Tillawi, which has recently been picked up by Bridges TV. Show host Tillawi gave Duke the opportunity to discourse at length about his beliefs about Jewish supremacism. On a show in October 2005, Duke claimed that Jewish extremists are responsible for undermining the morality of America and are attempting to "wash the world in blood."

After John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt's paper on the Israel Lobby appeared in March 2006, Duke praised the paper in a number of articles on his website, on his March 18 Live Web Radio Broadcast, and on MSNBC's March 21 Scarborough Country program. According to The New York Sun, Duke said in an email, "It is quite satisfying to see a body in the premier American University essentially come out and validate every major point I have been making since even before the war even started." Duke added that "the task before us is to wrest control of America's foreign policy and critical junctures of media from the Jewish extremist Neocon that seek to lead us into what they expectantly call World War IV."

Conferences



Duke organized a gathering of European Nationalists who signed the New Orleans Protocol on May 29, 2004. The signatories agreed to avoid infighting among far-right racialist.

On June 3, 2005, Duke co-chaired a conference named "Zionism As the Biggest Threat to Modern Civilization" in Ukraine, sponsored by the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management. The conference was attended by several notable Ukrainian public figures and politicians, and writer Israel Shamir.

Duke claims that Swedish police thwarted an attempted assassination against him, in August 2005, while Duke was speaking in Sweden.

On the weekend of June 8-10, 2006, Duke attended as a speaker at the international "White World's Future" conference in Moscow, which was coordinated and hosted by Pavel Tulaev.

On December 11-13, 2006, Duke attended the International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust in Tehranmarker, Iranmarker, opened by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, stating "The Holocaust is the device used as the pillar of Zionist imperialism, Zionist aggression, Zionist terror and Zionist murder."

David Duke attended the conference, along with Gazi Hussein (Syria); Dr Rahmandost (conference chair, Society for Supporting People of Palestine); Jan Bernhoff, a Swedish computer science teacher who maintains that 300,000 Jews died during the Holocaust; Fredrick Töben, director of the Adelaide Institute, Australia.

Criticism and legal difficulties

Money matters

In the early 1980s, Duke was allegedly heavily involved in gambling and stock market investments, according to reports by the Times-Picayune.

Plastic surgery claims

In 1990 syndicated columnist Jack Anderson argued Duke has done "everything to make himself look better to the voters, including plastic surgery".

Duke explained in My Awakening that he had had reconstructive surgery on his nose, which had been broken many times.

Critical publications

In Troubled Memory: Anne Levy, the Holocaust and David Duke's Louisiana by Professor Lawrence N. Powell, who teaches at Tulane Universitymarker history department and was a founding member of Lousianamarker Coalition Against Racism and Nazism, "connects the prewar and wartime experiences of Jewish survivors to the lives they built in the United States" and depicts"story of Anne Skorecki Levy, a Holocaust survivor who transformed the horrors of her childhood into a passionate mission to defeat the political menace of reputed neo-Nazi and Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke." The book won three awards.

Tax fraud conviction

David Duke pleaded guilty to the felony charge of filing a false tax return under and mail fraud under in December 2002.

Four months later, Duke was sentenced to 15 months in prison, and he served the time in Big Spring, Texasmarker. He was also fined US$10,000, ordered to cooperate with the Internal Revenue Service, and to pay money still owed for his 1998 taxes. Following his release in May 2004, he stated that his decision to take the plea bargain was motivated by the bias that he perceived in the United States federal court system and not his guilt. He said he felt the charges were contrived to derail his political career and discredit him to his followers, and that he took the safe route by pleading guilty and receiving a mitigated sentence, rather than pleading not guilty and potentially receiving the full sentence.

Duke pled guilty to what prosecutors described as a six-year scheme to dupe thousands of his followers by asking for donations. Through postal mail, Duke later appealed to his supporters that he was about to lose his house and his life savings. Prosecutors claimed that Duke raised hundreds of thousands of dollars in this campaign. Prosecutors also claimed he sold his home at a hefty profit, had multiple investment accounts, and spent much of his money gambling at casinos.

The entire file of court documents related to this case can be found at The Smoking Gun website, including details on the December 12, 2002 guilty plea to federal charges that he filed a false tax return and committed mail fraud.

Don Black claims that Duke was targeted in this way by the government to discredit him.

Arrest in the Czech Republic

On April 24, 2009, it was reported that Duke, who had arrived in the Czech Republicmarker at the invitation of Czech Neo-Nazis to deliver three lectures in Praguemarker and Brnomarker to promote his book My Awakening, was arrested on suspicion of "denying or approving of the Nazi genocide and other Nazi crimes" and "promotion of movements seeking suppression of human rights," which are punishable by up to three years in prison in the Czech Republic. At the time of his arrest, Duke was reportedly guarded by members of a far-right group known as "Národní Odpor" which means national resistance. The Czech police reportedly released Duke in the early hours of April 25, 2009, and ordered him to leave the country by midnight. Police accused him of promotion of movements suppressing human rights. He has been released on the condition that he leaves the country by midnight on April 25, 2009.

Duke's first lecture had been scheduled at Charles University in Prague but it was canceled after university officials learned that neo-Nazis were planning to attend. Some Czech politicians including Interior Minister Ivan Langer and Human Rights and Minorities Minister Michael Kocáb, had previously expressed opposition to Duke being allowed into the country.

In September 2009 the District Prosecutor's Office for Prague dropped all charges, explaining that there was no evidence that David Duke had committed any crime.

Recent life

As of 2009, David Duke was registered as living in Salzburg, Austriamarker. From there, he runs an Internet business taking and selling photographs of rare birds and other wildlife. Duke has stated:
"I'm not in Austria for any political activities.
I just come to Austria to relax – the mountains are beautiful.
The Austrian Alps are just beautiful.
There's beauty all over the world."
Local authorities have stated that as long as he does not break any laws, Duke is allowed to stay in Austria if he wishes.

In May 2009, Duke issued a statement denying that he resides in Austria and saying that he is a resident of Mandeville, Louisiana, and is registered as a taxpayer in his city, state, and on the national level.

Election history

Electoral history of David Duke

Further reading



References

  1. Issues '92 Profile: David Duke; The Orange County Register. Santa Ana, Calif.: Mar 2, 1992. pg. a.04
  2. Rose, Douglas. The Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race University of North Carolina Press. 1992
  3. The Hatemongers Get a New Tailor. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. Winter 1996/1997.
  4. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=328064
  5. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=393638
  6. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=294226
  7. D.C. Finegold-Sachs (2005). D.C.'s Political Report. " 1988 Presidential Candidates". Retrieved on 2009-04-04.
  8. "GOP Condemns Duke" Newsday. Long Island, N.Y.: Feb 25, 1989. pg. 09
  9. Douglas D. Rose, The Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992), p. iii (ISBN 0807843814, ISBN 978-0807843819). See also Michael Zatarain, David Duke: Evolution of a Klansman (Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1990), ISBN 0882898175, ISBN 978-0882898179.
  10. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=328065
  11. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3516
  12. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3516
  13. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=55213
  14. "David Duke Going for U.S. Senate seat" Sheila Grissett East Jefferson bureau. The Times-Picayune New Orleans, La.: Feb 23, 1996. pg. B.1
  15. Civil rights figure explains 'renegade' views to BCC students
  16. David Duke Heads North to Raise Money for House Race" By Michael Janofsky, The New York Times, January 3, 1999
  17. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=88588
  18. http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=4156
  19. ADL: Ukraine University of Hate
  20. David Duke Achieves Doctorate in Ukraine
  21. The Official Website of Representative David Duke, PhD » David Duke Achieves Doctorate in Ukraine
  22. The Official Website of Representative David Duke, PhD » Day 1 of the 21 Day Fundraising Drive for the New, Updated Edition of My Awakening
  23. David Duke in Russia. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved on November 16, 2006.]
  24. "Закрыто дело Миронова", Русский вестник, 2001-12-19. Retrieved on November 16, 2006. (Russian)]
  25. Mearsheimer and Free Speech Issues MP3 (10/11/06) by David Duke
  26. Duke Responds to Walt and Mearsheimer! MP3 (10/10/06) by David Duke
  27. More Fallout from Walt and Mearsheimer MP3 (5/19/06) by David Duke
  28. The Official Website of Representative David Duke, PhD » Philip Weiss Reviews Walt and Mearsheimer’s New Book!
  29. Lake, Eli. David Duke Claims to Be Vindicated By a Harvard Dean, The New York Sun, March 20, 2006. Accessed March 28, 2006.
  30. ADL: David Duke's European American Conference: Racists Gather in New Orleans
  31. [Duke, David. [http://www.davidduke.com/index.php?p=129 Jewish Supremacism: Author's Preface]. Jewish Supremacism.]
  32. The Official Website of Representative David Duke, PhD » We Sincerely Need the Support of Every Reader and Supporter of Davidduke.com
  33. update published 2007
  34. "RedState, White Supremacy, and Responsibility", Daily Kos, December 5, 2005
  35. Bill O'Reilly, "Circling the Wagons in Georgia", Fox News Channel, May 8, 2003
  36. http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/domains/decisions/html/2001/dtv2001-0023.html "WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center: Case No. DTV2001-0023"], World Intellectual Property Organization, January 13, 2002
  37. Captmike works undercover with the US Government to stop the invasion of the Island Nation of Dominica. manana.com
  38. Operation Red Dog: Canadian neo-nazis were central to the planned invasion of Dominica in 1981 canadiancontent.ca
  39. Ariel Sharon: The terrorist behind the 9-11 Attack! by David Duke
  40. Why Cindy Sheehan is Right!by David Duke
  41. http://www.stormfront.org/audio/stormfront_radio-dr_david_duke_and_don_black-02-04-09.mp3
  42. "American White Supremacist David Duke: Israel Makes the Nazi State Look Very Moderate", interview with David Duke on Syrian television, the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), November 25, 2005. Clip of the interview and of Duke's speech to a Syrian rally can be viewed here.
  43. David Duke in Syria: Zionists Occupy Washington, NY and London by Ezra HaLevi, IsraelNationalNews.com, November 29, 2005.
  44. Screenshot whoknew.us
  45. Interview with David Duke broadcast on “Bridges TV” network
  46. 'Scarborough Country' for March 21, show transcript, MSNBC, March 21 2006.
  47. http://www.adl.org/NR/exeres/B74CD7C8-4878-4EF8-A8BA-AFA79C54AE9D,18AA02A5-13A1-44F3-B4D4-6176E1ECC36C,frameless.htm
  48. Assassination Attempt Against David Duke Fails by David Duke
  49. Historic Moscow Conference davidduke.com
  50. "Iranian leader says Israel will be ‘wiped out’: Ahmadinejad renews heated rhetoric at meeting of Holocaust deniers", Associated Press, December 12, 2006.
  51. "Swedish teacher at Holocaust denial conference", The Local, December 14, 2006.
  52. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1298&dat=19900917&id=RwsQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=NosDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5909,2699316 Jack Anderson of The Free Lance–Star - Sep 17, 1990
  53. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1347&dat=19911115&id=StMSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=FvwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=1232,1725352
  54. My Awakening, a Pathway to Racial Understanding by David Duke, 1998.
  55. http://www.tulane.edu/~powell/
  56. http://uncpress.unc.edu/browse/book_detail?title_id=695
  57. Troubled Memory: Anne Levy, the Holocaust and David Duke's Louisiana Info from Book Cover by Publisher
  58. . David Duke comments on article
  59. David Duke pleads to mail fraud, tax charges USA Today
  60. David Duke Gets 15-Month Sentence for Fraud FoxNews.com
  61. Ex-Klan Leader David Duke Indicted CBSNews.com
  62. Duke pleads guilty to fraud, false tax claims CNN.com
  63. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/davidduke1.html
  64. Tax Fraud Court Papers thesmokinggun.com
  65. {{cite web |first =Don|last= Black|authorlink=Don Black (white nationalist) | title = My Opinion on the David Duke Case | url = http://www.davidduke.com/general/duke-releases-irs-audit-letter_13840.html
  66. Czech police arrest former Ku Klux Klan leader Duke, ČTK, April 24, 2009.
  67. Ex-Louisiana KKK chief arrested in Prague: Police, Agence France-Presse (reprinted by Canada.com), April 24, 2009.
  68. Former Ku Klux Klan leader released, must leave Czech Republic, ČTK, April 25, 2009.
  69. Policie v Praze zatkla bývalého vůdce Ku-klux-klanu Dukea, idnes.cz, April 24, 2009.
  70. Rising extremism and the Roma problem, By Lenka Scheuflerová, Prague Daily Monitor, April 23, 2009.
  71. Bývalý šéf Ku-Klux-Klanu Duke je na svobodě, musí ale opustit Česko idnes.cz, April 25, 2009.
  72. Former KKK leader ordered to leave Czech Republic, Associated Press (reprinted by the Kansas City Star), April 24, 2009.
  73. Prague university bans lecture by David Duke, Associated Press (reprinted by USA Today), April 21, 2009.
  74. Státní zástupkyně zastavila stíhání Duka kvůli knize


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