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David Jones Limited ( ), colloquially known as DJs, is an Australian retailer. Its primary business is an Australia-wide chain of premium department stores.

David Jones was founded in 1838 by David Jones, a Welsh immigrant, and is claimed to be the oldest continuously operating department store in the world still trading under its original name. It currently has 37 stores located in most Australian states and territories.

A traditional department store, it retails fashion, cosmetics, homewares, electronics as well as other products. David Jones' main department store rival is Myer.

History

David Jones was a Welshmarker merchant who met Hobartmarker businessman Charles Appleton in Londonmarker. Appleton had established a store in Sydney in 1825 and Jones subsequently established a partnership with Appleton, moved to Australia in 1835, and the Sydney store became known as Appleton & Jones. When the partnership was dissolved in 1838, Jones moved his business to premises on the corner of George Street and Barrack Lane, Sydney. Jones survived the depression of the 1840s, and by 1856 had retired from active management of the business. A few years later when the firm failed he returned to manage its affairs and in a few years had fully discharged all obligations to his creditors. By 1887, the George Street store had been rebuilt and a mail order facility introduced. A factory was opened in Marlborough Street, Sydney to reduce reliance on imported goods.

In 1906, David Jones announced it would become a public company. The Elizabeth Street was opened in 1927 under the guidance of chairman Charles Lloyd Jones. A further store was opened in Market Street, Sydney in 1938. In 1954, a State banquet was held for visiting Queen Elizabeth II in the restaurant of the Elizabeth Street store.

An outstanding feature of the Elizabeth St. shop, contributing greatly to its aura of quality and exclusivity, was David Jones Art Gallery founded in 1944. Directors included Will Ashton (1944–47), Marion Hall Best (1947–49), John Amory (1949–50), M P Ferrandiere (1950–53), George Duncan (1953–63), Robert Haines (1963–?).Among the many drawcards was the Dobell exhibition of 1944, the Duke of Bedford's collection in 1962, and the Mendel Collection of Modern Painting also in 1962. Many of the prominent arts societies which held annual exhibitions there included the Australian Art Society, the Society of Artists, Australian Watercolour Institute, Contemporary Art Society and Society of Sculptors and Associates. Prize exhibitions held in the Gallery included those sponsored by W D & H O Wills and Transfield.

By 1959, the store network expanded to eight stores, and by 1980 David Jones had moved into Queensland, ACT, Victoria and South Australia.

In 1980, the Adelaide Steamship Company acquired a substantial interest in David Jones. Through the 1980s and into the 1990s, the two companies involved themselves in a complex company structure whereby they each owned about half of each other and, financed by huge borrowings, they acquired a portfolio of other companies. In 1982, a David Jones store opened in Melbourne for the first time, having acquired and rebranded department store Buckley & Nunn. In 1985, David Jones acquired the Adelaide department store John Martins, (their second department store in Adelaide's prime retail strip, Rundle Mallmarker). Other acquisitions included Petersville Sleigh, Buffum's, Tooth and Co., Penfolds and numerous others. The recession of the early 1990s caused the nervous lenders, (over 200 banks), to demand the return of their assets. This forced the liquidation of the porfolio at "fire-sale" prices, and led the two companies into bankruptcy; the worthless Adelaide Steamship Company was renamed "Residual Assco Ltd" and was delisted. The worthless David Jones Limited was renamed "DJL". A number of the assets with value were very successfully sold off via public floats, in particular, National Foods, Woolworths, and the department store assets of DJL were floated as "David Jones Limited". (More information can be found at Tooth and Co.#Takeover and Tooth and Co.#The three ugly sisters

In 1995, David Jones announced a $800 million public float of the David Jones and John Martin retail operations. The "new" David Jones Limited was subsequently listed on the Australian Stock Exchange with a new ASX code of DJS.

Business longevity

David Jones' flagship building on the corner of Elizabeth Street and Market Street, Sydney
Changes in management saw DJs falter in the late 1990s. A major strategic review in 2003 saw the closing of its two unprofitable stores, the loss-making David Jones Online web-based business and its gourmet food retail stores, Foodchain. It revitalised many of its stores, including its flagship Elizabeth Street and Market Street stores in Sydney (two individual buildings, linked by an underground arcade). Since then its profitability - and profile - has improved, thanks to a combination of a consumer spending boom in 2003-2004, and the securing of exclusive deals with many high-profile Australian and international brands (often marketed as 'Available at no other department store'.)

In recent times, a slowdown in the upscale department store market has hurt both David Jones and its chief competitor, Myer (formerly part of the Coles Myer group, now renamed the Coles Group). The separation and public float of the department store assets in 1995 resulted in structural and cultural changes which saw periods of stagnancy and high staff turnover. Shares initially offered at A$2 fell as low as A$0.90, but have since reached highs of over A$4.50 (prior to the 2008 "Global Financial Crisis").

It has weathered and grown strong from the massive shift in Australian retailing away from department stores towards specialist retailers and suburban shopping malls. Myer — Australia's largest department store — has also demonstrated its ability to change with the times, especially since its sale from former parent company (Coles Myer) to a partnerhsip between private equity group TPG Newbridge, and the Myer family. Since the sale, Myer has experienced a dramatic turnaround and is now more profitable than at any point in its history.

David Jones has been hit hard by the Global Financial Crisis, reporting a sales decline of 6.4% to $1,061.2m in the first half of 2009 . Myer reported a decline of 3.7% to $1,762m for the same period

Branding

Elizabeth Street entrance in Sydney
David Jones' branding - a black-on-white houndstooth pattern - is one of the most recognised corporate identities in Australia. A government sponsored panel judged it in 2006 as one of Australia's top ten favourite trade marks. The origin of this motif owes itself to the insistence of its founder on not using the store's name on its packaging. His aim was that the store would be so well known that everyone should recognise it simply by this now-famous motif.

Model Megan Gale has been a prominent public face for David Jones since 2001, appearing in its annual fashion parades until retiring in 2008. Model Miranda Kerr was subsequently named to take over from Gale as David Jones' "face" for catwalk and catalogue appearances.. Celebrities used by David Jones in recent times include Liz Hurley and Kim Cattrall.

Six stores have food halls which are viewed as a key part of the David Jones brand, emphasising quality and style, yet have come under recent criticism. The failed Foodchain experiment - effectively a smaller chain of standalone food halls - was sold to the parent company of Freedom Furniture in 2003 after it proved unprofitable.

Stores

David Jones Melbourne
David Jones has department stores in all Australian capital cities except Hobart and Darwin, two stores in Newcastlemarker, and stores in Tuggerahmarker (opened 1995), Wollongongmarker and Robina (Gold Coast). Within NSW, David Jones established its first store in Newcastle by acquiring Scott's department store on Hunter Street in 1958. It expanded interstate by acquiring Buckley & Nunn (Melbourne) in 1982, John Martins (Adelaide) in 1985 and Aherns (Perth) in 1999. David Jones also owned the former 'Georges' store in Collins Street, Melbourne between 1981 and 1995.

All stores are located in major retail precincts and shopping malls. In 2007, David Jones recast its criteria for store locations, reflecting CEO Mark McInnes' intention to concentrate on "low risk, high value locations"

As a result, stores in Sydney at Centro Bankstownmarker (closed July 2007) and Westfield Eastgardensmarker (October 2007) were replaced by Myer. However, David Jones replaced the Myer store in Westfield Burwoodmarker in May 2007 and opened a new store at Westfield Chermsidemarker in August 2007 and a new store at QueensPlaza, Brisbane in February 2008.

In January 2008, David Jones announced that the Claremont store (Western Australia) would be closed in 2009 to allow for a complete rebuilding to reopen in 2011 that will increase its size by 60%.

David Jones has formally announced other new stores:

Store Locations

Australian Capital Territory

New South Wales

Queensland

South Australia

Victoria

Western Australia

Flagship Store

David Jones flagship store:

Credit and store cards

David Jones derives about 30 per cent of its annual earnings from its store cards. In February 2008, it announced it would be launching a David Jones American Express card before Christmas 2008 and would transfer its $400 million store card receivables (representing 400,000 cardholders) to American Express. It is also considering additional financial services such as insurance and home loans under its brand.

Gallery

Image:DJsWoden.jpg|David Jones at Woden Town Centremarker in CanberramarkerImage:David-Jones_Queens-Plaza-2.jpg|David Jones - second floor at QueensPlaza in Brisbanemarker (Queen Street Mall end)Image:David-Jones-Queens-Plaza.jpg|David Jones - second floor at QueensPlaza in Brisbanemarker (Adelaide Street end)


References

  1. Company History, Answers.com. Retrieved on 4 July 2009.
  2. Encyclopedia of Australian Art Alan McCulloch, Hutchinson of London, 1968
  3. "Annual Report to Shareholders, 1990", The Adelaide Steamship Company.
  4. http://www.davidjones.com.au/images/corp/pdf/2009/ASX_Release_1H09_Results_18_March_09_final.pdf
  5. http://www.myer.com.au/pdf/media-release_Q3-FINAL.pdf
  6. http://www.newcastle.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/17507/heritagewalkfurtherinfo.pdf
  7. Retail blues, Business Sunday, ninemsn.com.au
  8. David Jones announces that its Claremont store will be completely rebuilt, Press Release, 30 Jan 2008, accessed 2008-11-28.
  9. David Jones results for third quarter of the 2007 financial year, Press Release, 9 May 2007.
  10. New & Refurbished Stores, davidjones.com.au


External links




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