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David M. Rohl (born 12 September 1950) is a Britishmarker Egyptologist and former director of the Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences (ISIS) who from the 1980s has put forth several theories revising the chronology of Ancient Egypt and Israelmarker.

He was born in Manchestermarker and currently lives in the Marina Altamarker, Spainmarker.


Rohl traces his fascination with ancient Egypt to a visit of that country at the age of nine, which featured a journey on the Nile on King Farouk's paddle-steamer.

He first worked as a rock musician, forming a band in 1968, (Sign of Life, later Ankh), which were signed by Vertigo, but split up after Vertigo rejected the finished product. In 1969/70 Rohl completed an Institute of Incorporated Photographers degree at the University of Manchestermarker, before forming a new group, Mandalaband, which released two albums, Mandalaband (1975 - "an ambitious concept inspired by the Chinese occupation of Tibet") and The Eye of Wendor (1978). About 1974, Rohl started work as a sound engineer, ultimately becoming chief engineer at Strawberry Studios, the Stockport home of the group 10cc. Royalties from four solo artist and composing recording contracts enabled him to retire from music and focus on Egyptology, in particular to develop the New Chronology which he had been working on for five years during his music career.

In 1985 Rohl became the first Director of the Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences (ISIS), and editor of its Journal of the Ancient Chronology Forum since 1986. In 1988 he was accepted by University College, Londonmarker and awarded the prestigious W.F. Masom History Research Scholarship by the University of London as well as being awarded his degree in Ancient History and Egyptology in 1990. He then began his research on a doctoral thesis entitled "A re-examination of the Chronology of the Third Intermediate Period in Egypt" but failed to complete the PhD due to long-term book writing and TV commitments. He is a past President of the Sussex Egyptology Society (SES) and edits the Eastern Desert Survey Report. He excavated at Kadesh in Syriamarker for the London Institute of Archaeology during the 1990s, and is currently Co-Field Director of the Eastern Desert Survey in Egypt.

The publication of his book, A Test of Time led to his role in a three-part television documentary, "Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest", which appeared late summer 1995 on Channel 4 in the UK, and spring 1996 on The Learning Channel/Discovery in the USA.

New Chronology

The New Chronology is a revised Chronology of the ancient Near East created by Rohl. It involves a major revision of the conventional chronology of ancient Egypt, in particular by redating Egyptian kings of the 19th through 25th Dynasties. Rohl asserts that the New Chronology allows scholars to identify many of the main characters in the Old Testament with people whose names appear in archaeological finds. The New Chronology has not gained wide acceptance among Egyptologists.

Garden of Eden

Eden and adjacent areas after Rohl
In addition to his theories on Egypt, Rohl has put forth other theories related to the Old Testament. In his published work, Legend: The Genesis of Civilisation, he posits a location for the legendary Garden of Eden in Iranian Azarbaijan, south-east of Tabrizmarker upon which the Genesis tradition was based. In the same work, he develops a local flood theory for the Genesis Flood, positing that the biblical reference to the covering of "all the high mountains" is merely a description of the flooding of cities in the plains of Mesopotamia on the basis that the Hebrew word 'har' does not just mean 'mountain' but also 'hill' and 'city mound'.



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  • Published in paperback as


  • Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest, 1995. Three-part documentary shown 1995 on Channel 4 in the UK, Spring 1996 on The Learning Channel/Discovery in the US.
  • In Search of Eden, 2002.
  • The Bible: Myth or Reality, 2005.


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