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Death of a Salesman is a 1951 film adapted from the play of the same name by Arthur Miller. It was directed by László Benedek and written for the screen by Stanley Roberts. It received numerous awards, including four Golden Globe Awards and the Volpi Cup; it also received many nominations for various awards. Alex North, the man who had written the music for the Broadway version of the play, composed the score for the film, receiving an Academy Award nomination for his music.

Plot

Willy Loman has led a life consisting of sixty years of failure. Loman's wife supports him, but he soon begins to lose his grip on reality and slips between the past and the present, frantically trying to find where he went wrong.

Career of a Salesman

Just before the film was about to come out, Arthur Miller threatened to sue Columbia Studios over the short which was to appear before Death of a Salesman. This short film, Career of a Salesman, showed what the producers believed was a more typical American salesman, and was an attempt to defuse possible accusations that the Death of a Salesman was an anti-American film. Eventually, Columbia agreed to remove the ten minute intro from the main film's beginning.

Miller saw Career of a Salesman as an attack upon his work, proclaiming "Why the hell did you make the picture if you're so ashamed of it? Why should anybody not get up and walk out of the theatre if Death of a Salesman is so outmoded and pointless?" He argued against the portrayal of the salesman profession as "a wonderful profession, that people thrived on it, and there were no problems at all".Eventually, the very attitude that led Columbia to commission the intro led to the failure of Death of a Salesman - people and businessmen in a 1950s political climate tried to distance themselves from a film depicting American failure in the 1950s.

Production

Benedek took great care in making the film a close transcription of the play. In many places, the film uses Miller's lines verbatim, sometimes leaving out only small lines of dialogue. However, the playwright claimed the movie was ruined by the truncation of key scenes. In fact, the playwright had no involvement with or control over the movie. Benedek also stressed the dreary, middle class setting of the film, using small rooms and gray shots. The movie was filmed primarily in Brooklyn.

Cast

The cast consisted mainly of the Broadwaymarker cast, with the addition of Kevin McCarthy from the original London Cast. However, Fredric March replaced Broadway actor Lee J. Cobb after concerns with Cobb's alleged past left-wing political associations arose.

Actor/Actress Role
Fredric March Willy Loman
Mildred Dunnock Linda Loman
Kevin McCarthy Biff Loman
Cameron Mitchell Happy Loman
Howard Smith Charley
Royal Beal Ben
Don Keefer Bernard
Jesse White Stanley
Claire Carleton Miss Francis
David Alpert Howard Wagner


Reception

Though the film won over many film critics and received nominations for many awards, it was a box office failure. The subject matter, the failure of the American dream, did not appeal to many of the era's moviegoers. Miller himself denounced the adaptation of his play, claiming the actors all sounded like "Willy Loman with a diploma, fat with their success". He also claimed that, though he wrote the play cinematically, Benedek managed to "chop off almost every climax of the play as though with a lawnmower" and portray Loman as a lunatic, rather than a victim.

Awards and nominations

Awards

1952 Golden Globe Awards

1952 Venice Film Festival

New York Times Critics' Pick
  • Top 1,000


Nominations

1952 Academy Awards

1952 Directors Guild of America Awards

1952 British Academy Film Awards

1952 Venice Film Festival

1952 Writers Guild of America Award
  • Best Written American Drama
  • Robert Meltzer Award


References



External links




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