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Deborah Kerr, CBE (30 September 1921 16 October 2007) was a British stage, television and film actress. She won the Sarah Siddons Award for her Chicagomarker performance as Laura Reynolds in Tea and Sympathy, a role which she originated on Broadway, a Golden Globe Award for the motion picture, The King and I, and she was also the recipient of honorary Academy, BAFTA and Cannes Film Festivalmarker awards.

She was nominated six times for an Academy Award as Best Actress but never won. In 1994, however, she was cited by the Academy for a film career that always represented "perfection, discipline and elegance". Among her most famous films were: The King and I, An Affair to Remember, From Here to Eternity, Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison and Separate Tables.

Although the Scottish pronunciation of her surname is closer to a phonetic reading of the name ( ), when she was being promoted as a Hollywoodmarker actress it was made clear that her surname should be pronounced the same as "car". In order to avoid confusion over pronunciation, Louis B. Mayer of MGM billed her as "Kerr rhymes with Star!"

Early life

Kerr was born Deborah Jane Kerr-Trimmer in a private nursing home (hospital) in Glasgowmarker, Scotland, the eldest child and only daughter of Kathleen Rose (née Smale) and Capt. Arthur Charles Kerr-Trimmer, a World War I veteran pilot who later became a naval architect and civil engineer. Directly after her birth she spent the first three years of her life in the nearby town of Helensburghmarker, where her parents lived with Deborah's grandparents in a house on West King Street. Kerr had a younger brother, Edward (a.k.a. Teddy), who became a journalist and died in a 'road-rage' incident in 2004.

Education

Kerr was educated at the independent Northumberland House School in the Clifton area of Bristolmarker in England (the school was demolished in 1937, when Kerr was only 16 years old).

Kerr originally trained as a ballet dancer, first appearing on stage at Sadler's Wellsmarker in 1938. After changing careers, she soon found success as an actress. Her first acting teacher was her aunt, Phyllis Smale, who ran the Hicks-Smale Drama School in Bristolmarker.

Career

Films



Kerr's first film role was in the Britishmarker film Contraband in 1940 but her scenes were left on the cutting room floor. She followed that with a series of films, including Hatter's Castle (1942), in which she starred opposite Robert Newton and James Mason. The following year, she played three women in Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger's The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp. During the filming, according to Powell's autobiography, she and Powell became lovers:

Although Winston Churchill thought it would ruin wartime morale, and the British Army refused to extend co-operation with the producers, the film confounded critics by proving to be an artistic and commercial success. Powell had hoped to reunite Kerr and Roger Livesey, who had played the title character, in his next film, A Canterbury Tale (1944), but her agent had sold her contract to MGM. According to Powell, his affair with Kerr ended when she made it clear to him that she would accept an offer to go to Hollywood if one were made.

It was her role as a troubled nun in Black Narcissus in 1947 which brought her to the attention of Hollywoodmarker producers. The film was a hit in the US as well as the UK, and Kerr won the New York Film Critics' Award as Actress of the Year. In Hollywood, her British accent and manners led to a succession of roles portraying a refined, reserved, and proper English lady. Nevertheless, Kerr frequently used any opportunity to discard her cool exterior. She starred in the 1950 adventure film, King Solomon's Mines, shot on location in Africa with Stewart Granger and Richard Carlson. This was immediately followed by her appearance in the religious epic Quo Vadis? (1951), shot at Cinecittàmarker in Rome, in which she played the indomitable Lygia, a first century Christian.

Kerr also departed from typecasting with a performance that brought out her sensuality, as Karen Holmes, the embittered military wife in From Here to Eternity (1953), for which she received an Oscar nomination for Best Actress. The American Film Institute acknowledged the iconic status of the scene from that film in which she and Burt Lancaster make love on a Hawaii beach amidst the crashing waves. The organisation ranked it twentieth in its list of the 100 most romantic films of all time.

From then on, Kerr's career choices would make her known in Hollywood for her versatility as an actress, She portrayed a nun (Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison), a mama's girl (Separate Tables), and a governess (The Chalk Garden), but she also portrayed an earthy Australian sheep-herder's wife (The Sundowners) and lustful and beautiful screen enchantresses (Beloved Infidel, Bonjour tristesse). She also starred in comedies (The Grass is Greener and Marriage on the Rocks).

Among her most famous roles were Anna Leonowens in the film version of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I (1956), and opposite Cary Grant in An Affair to Remember (1958). In 1966, the producers of Carry On Screaming! offered her a fee comparable to that paid to the rest of the cast combined, but she turned it down in favour of appearing in an aborted stage version of Flowers for Algernon. In 1967, at the age of 46, she starred in Casino Royale, achieving the distinction of being the oldest 'Bond Girl' in any James Bond film.

According to some sources, in 1969, pressure of competition from younger, upcoming actresses made her agree to appear nude in John Frankenheimer's The Gypsy Moths. However, others, including Kerr herself, claimed that a body double was used. Kerr stated, "My argument was that it was completely gratuitous. Had it been necessary for the dramatic content, I would have done it." In fact, she later went nude for a scene in The Arrangement, though it was cut. "There the nude scene was necessary, husband and wife in bed together," she explained. Concern about the parts being offered to her, as well as the increasing amount of nudity in films in general, led her to abandon film work at the end of the 1960s in favour of television and theatre work.

Theatre

As a stage actress, Deborah Kerr made her Broadwaymarker debut in 1953 in Robert Anderson's Tea and Sympathy, for which she received a Tony Award nomination. Kerr repeated her role along with her stage partner John Kerr (no relation) in Vincente Minnelli's film adaptation of the drama. In 1955, Kerr won the Sarah Siddons Award for her performance in Chicagomarker during a national tour of the play. In 1975, she returned to Broadway, creating the role of Nancy in Edward Albee's Pulitzer-winning play Seascape.

The theatre, despite her success in films, was always to remain Kerr's first love, even though going on stage filled her with trepidation:

Television

Deborah Kerr experienced a career resurgence in the early 1980s on television, when she played the role of the nurse (played by Elsa Lanchester in the 1957 film version) in Witness for the Prosecution. Later, Kerr re-teamed with screen partner Robert Mitchum in Reunion at Fairborough. This period also saw Kerr take on the role as the older version of the female tycoon, Emma Harte, in the adaptation of Barbara Taylor Bradford's A Woman of Substance. For this performance, Kerr was nominated for an Emmy Award.

Personal life

During the early 1940s, as mentioned above, Kerr was the mistress of director Michael Powell.

Kerr's first marriage was to Royal Air Force Squadron Leader Anthony Bartley on 29 November 1945. They had two daughters, Melanie Jane, born on 27 December 1947 and Francesca Ann, the wife of the actor John Shrapnel. The marriage was troubled, owing to Bartley's jealousy of his wife's fame and financial success, and because her career often took her away from home. Kerr and Bartley divorced in 1959.

Her second marriage was to author Peter Viertel on 23 July 1960. In marrying Viertel, she acquired a stepdaughter, Christine Viertel. Although she long resided in Klostersmarker, Switzerlandmarker and Marbellamarker, Spain, she moved back to Britainmarker to be closer to her own children as her health began to deteriorate. Her husband, however, continued to live in Marbella.

Deborah Kerr died from the effects of Parkinson's disease on 16 October 2007 at the age of 86 in the village of Botesdalemarker, Suffolk.Clark, Mike. "Actress Deborah Kerr dies at age 86". USA Today. 18 October 2007. "From Here to Eternity actress Kerr dies." CNN. 18 October 2007 Peter Viertel died of cancer on 4 November 2007, less than three weeks later. At the time of Viertel's death, director Michael Scheingraber was filming the documentary Peter Viertel: Between the Lines, which Scheingraber says will include reminiscences about events concerning Kerr and the American Academy Awards. The film is as yet (2008) unreleased.

Some of Deborah Kerr's leading men have stated in their autobiographies that they had an affair or romantic fling with her. The actor Stewart Granger claimed that Kerr seduced him in the back of his chauffeur-driven car at the time he was making Caesar and Cleopatra. Likewise Burt Lancaster claimed that he was romantically involved with her during the filming of From Here to Eternity in 1953. There is no independent corroboration of either actor's claims.

Honours

Deborah Kerr was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1998, but was unable to accept the honour in person due to ill health. She was also honoured in Hollywood where, for her contributions to the motion picture industry, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Famemarker, at 1709 Vine Street.

Deborah Kerr won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for The King and I in 1957, and a Henrietta Award for World Film Favorite - Female.

Although she never won a BAFTA, Oscar or Cannes Film Festivalmarker award in a competitive category, all three academies gave her honorary awards:

In 1984, she was awarded a Cannes Film Festival Tribute. In 1991, she received a BAFTA Special Award and in 1994, she received an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of "an artist of impeccable grace and beauty, a dedicated actress whose motion picture career has always stood for perfection, discipline and elegance".

Award nominations

Deborah Kerr was nominated six times for the Academy Award for Best Actress: Edward, My Son (1949), From Here to Eternity (1953), The King and I (1956), Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison (1957), Separate Tables (1958) and The Sundowners (1960).

She was also nominated four times for the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress: The End of the Affair (1955), Tea and Sympathy (1956), The Sundowners (1961) and The Chalk Garden (1964).

She received one Emmy Award nomination in 1985 for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special for A Woman of Substance. She was also nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama for Edward, My Son (1949), Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison (1957) and Separate Tables (1958).

Filmography

Year Film Role Other notes
1940 Contraband Bit (scenes deleted) UK release
1941 Major Barbara Jenny Hill UK release
Love on the Dole Sally UK release
1942 Penn of Pennsylvania Gulielma Maria Springett U.S. title: Courageous Mr. Penn
Hatter's Castle Mary Brodie
The Day Will Dawn Kari Alstad U.S. title: The Avengers
A Battle for a Bottle Linda Voice - animated short
1943 The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp Edith Hunter/Barbara Wynne/Johnny Cannon UK release
1945 Perfect Strangers Catherine Wilson U.S. title: Vacation From Marriage
1946 I See a Dark Stranger Bridie Quilty U.S. Title: The Adventuress
1947 Black Narcissus Sister Clodagh UK release
The Hucksters Kay Dorrance
If Winter Comes Nona Tybar
1949 Edward, My Son Evelyn Boult Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award - Best Actress Drama
1950 Please Believe Me Alison Kirbe
King Solomon's Mines Elizabeth Curtis
1951 Quo Vadis Lygia
1952 The Prisoner of Zenda Princess Flavia
Thunder in the East Joan Willoughby
1953 Young Bess Catherine Parr
Julius Caesar Portia
Dream Wife Effie
From Here to Eternity Karen Holmes Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
1955 The End of the Affair Sarah Miles Nominated - BAFTA Award - Best British Actress
1956 The Proud and Profane Lee Ashley
The King and I Anna Leonowens singing voice dubbed by Marni Nixon
Golden Globe Award - Best Actress Musical
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress

Tea and Sympathy Laura Reynolds Nominated - BAFTA Award - Best British Actress
1957 Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison Sister Angela Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award - Best Actress Drama
An Affair to Remember Terry McKay
Kiss Them for Me Gwinneth Livingston Unbilled, dubbed voice of Suzy Parker in a few scenes
1958 Bonjour Tristesse Anne Larson
Separate Tables Sibyl Railton-Bell Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award - Best Actress Drama
1959 The Journey Diana Ashmore
Count Your Blessings Grace Allingham
Beloved Infidel Sheilah Graham
1960 The Sundowners Ida Carmody Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated - BAFTA Award - Best British Actress
The Grass Is Greener Lady Hilary Rhyall
1961 The Naked Edge Martha Radcliffe UK release
The Innocents Miss Giddens UK release
1964 On the Trail of the Iguana Herself UK promotional short subject
The Chalk Garden Miss Madrigal Nominated - BAFTA Award - Best British Actress
The Night of the Iguana Hannah Jelkes
1965 Marriage on the Rocks Valerie Edwards UK release
1967 Casino Royale Agent Mimi / Lady Fiona McTarry
Eye of the Devil Catherine de Montfaucon UK release
1968 Prudence and the Pill Prudence Hardcastle UK release
1969 The Gypsy Moths Elizabeth Brandon US release
The Arrangement Florence Anderson US release
1982 BBC2 Playhouse Carlotta Gray TV episode: "A Song at Twilight"
Witness for the Prosecution Nurse Plimsoll
1984 A Woman of Substance Emma Harte UK TV mini-series
1985 The Assam Garden Helen UK release
Reunion at Fairborough Sally Wells Grant UK TV movie
1986 Hold the Dream Emma Harte UK TV mini-series


References

  1. Powell, Michael. A Life In Movies. Heinemann, 1986. ISBN 0-434-59945-X
  2. "Deborah Kerr, versatile British actress, dies at 86." International Herald Tribune. 18 October 2007. Retrieved on 11 November 2007.
  3. Braun, Eric. Deborah Kerr. St. Martin's Press, 1978. ISBN 0-312-18895-1.
  4. "Actress Deborah Kerr Dies At 86". Associated Press - CBS News. 19 October 2007. Retrieved: 2007-12-04
  5. "Peter Viertel, writer and scriptwriter, passed away yesterday in Marbella at 86 years." La Tribuna de Marbella. (c/o - Erik E. Weems - translated and paraphrased from Spanish). 6 November 2007. Retrieved: 2007-11-19.
  6. "Peter Viertel - Between the Lines". eeweems.com. 28 July 2008. Retrieved: 2008-08-25
  7. Granger, Stewart. Sparks fly Upward, p 87-88. Putnam, 1981. ISBN 0399126740.
  8. Buford, Kate. Burt Lancaster: An American Life. New York, New York: Knopf, 2001. ISBN 0679446036
  9. "British actress Kerr dies at 86." BBC. 18 October 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11 November


Works cited

  • Braun, Eric. Deborah Kerr. St. Martin's Press, 1978. ISBN 0-312-18895-1.
  • Powell, Michael. A Life In Movies. Heinemann, 1986. ISBN 0-434-59945-X.


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