Dedinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Дедиње) is an urban neighborhood of
Belgrade, the capital
is located in Belgrade's municipality of Savski Venac
. Dedinje is generally considered
the wealthiest part of Belgrade, a site of numerous villas and
mansions owned by the diplomats and the top members of city's
Dedinje is located on the eastern slopes of the hill of Topčidersko Brdo
, 7-8 kilometers south
of downtown Belgrade to which it is connected by the Kneza Miloša
the neighborhoods of Senjak (west), Prokop and Mostar (north),
Stadion and Diplomatska Kolonija (actually,
Dedinje's sub-neighborhood; east), Banjica,
Lisičji Potok and Topčider (south).
It is well connected to the other
parts of Belgrade by several boulevards (of Prince Aleksandar
) and broad streets (Teodora Drajzera
, Neznanog junaka
, etc). Main street in the
neighborhood itself is the Užička
Before it was urbanized, the area of modern Dedinje was known for
its vineyards and had different names, though all variants of one
the same: Dedija
, Dedino brdo
(literally, old man's hill; Serbian deda
means old man,
Dedinje belonged to the municipality of Topčidersko Brdo, which in
1957 merged with the municipality of Zapadni Vračar
to create the
municipality of Savski Venac. Dedinje (local communities which
comprise its area) had a population of 8,704 in 2002.
Dedinje became popular among Belgrade's rich even before World War II
, when it was on the outskirts of
the city (thus many military barracks intended to defend the city,
which later spawned tens of kilometers further). Many beautiful
mansions in green neighborhood have been built, but in 1945 when
took over, they declared
almost all former residents a state enemies and forced them out of
their houses, so the new Communist political and military elite
moved in, Tito being among the first. It continued after the
collapse of Communism in 1980s, when the nouveau riche
(politicians (like Slobodan Milošević
businessmen (like Karić
or Željko Mitrović
criminals (like Željko Ražnatović Arkan
into the neighborhood and began expanding their villas and erecting
high concrete walls. Most of such construction was illegal, often
intruding on the property of Dedinje families that had been there
for generations preceding the arrival of the nouveau riche/criminal
class. Apart from this, the neighborhood is a site of many
embassies, diplomatic residences and some of Belgrade's most
expensive restaurants and clubs.
Some of the prominent features of the neighborhood are:
park, occupying the northern, triangular section of the
neighborhood, named after the London's park of the same name
- The House of Flowers and the adjoining "Museum of the 25th May", the
tomb of the former
Yugoslav leader Josip Broz
- The vast secret military complex of Karaš (in Teodora
Drajzera street), built and dug into the hill from 1965 to 1980,
with numerous barracks and kilometers of underground passages,
brought to public for the still unsolved murder of two young
soldiers on a watch in 2004.
- A hospital complex which includes the hospitals of
Železnička bolnica and one of the major Belgrade's
hospital Dragiša Mišović, whose neonatal nursery ward was
notoriously bombed by NATO in
1999, even with the ongoing deliveries.
- Ultra-modern building of RTV Pink.
- Beli Dvor ("White Court"), a court of
the former Serbian and Yugoslav royal dynasty Karađorđević and the present
residence of Aleksandar
Karađorđević and his family.
- several old or rare non-native trees protected by the state.
- the cedar tree in the Tolstojeva
street, believed to be planted personally by the major Serbian
botanist, Josif Pančić, in 1880.
tulip tree, between the Pukovnika
Bacića and Maglajska streets, native to China and North America, with tulip-like
- yellow-flowered sophora tree, native to China and Korea.