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Demaratus the Corinthian was the father of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth King of Rome and the grandfather (or great grandfather) of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last king.


He was a Corinthianmarker nobleman of the House of Bacchis who arrived in Italymarker from Greecemarker as a refugee in 655 B.C. Demaratus settled in the Etruscanmarker city of Tarquiniimarker and married an Etruscan noblewoman from Tarquinii. They had two sons, Lucumo and Aruns. Aruns died before his father, Demaratus, and left a pregnant wife. Demaratus not knowing he had a future grandchild left nothing for him in his inheritance. His name was Egerius ("The Needy One"), on account of his poverty since he inherited nothing. Egerius was the father to Tarquinius Collatinus, the husband to Lucretia.

When Demaratus migrated to Western mainland Italy, he took all of his wealth and introduced Greek culture and Greek pottery. He supposedly brought potters with him from Corinth. These potters were responsible for the development of Greek pottery in Western mainland Italy. There were Greek potters in Tarquinii and in the Greek trading post of Gravisca. According to the Greek traveller Pausanias, it was either his son or grandson who was the first foreigner to visit Olympiamarker and make a dedication.

According to Tacitus, he taught the Etruscans literacy.

External links


  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece, tr. P. Levi, Penguin, 1979.
  • Tacitus, The Annals of Imperial Rome, tr. M. Grant, Penguin, 1996.
  • Morkot, R., The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece, Penguin, 1996.

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