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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canadamarker, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population of Canada: 31,612,895 (2006 Census).
Population of Canada: 33,739,859 (July 2009) .


Provinces and territories

Rank Name and flag Abbr Population Percentage of national pop. Land area (km²) Population density Seats in House of Commons People per House Seat
1 ON 38.7% 12.09 106 122,774
2 QC 23.2% 5.71 75 103,991
3 BC 13.2% 4.79 36 123,204
4 AB 10.9% 5.69 28 130,494
5 MB 3.6% 2.20 14 86,940
6 SK 3.1% 1.74 14 73,364
7 NS 2.8% 17.61 11 85,406
8 NB 2.2% 10.48 10 74,886
9 NL 1.8% 1.36 7 72,675
10 PE 0.4% 24.85 4 35,159
11 NT 0.1% 0.036 1 42,840
12 YT 0.1% 0.071 1 33,550
13 NU 0.1% 0.016 1 31,762
Total 100% 3.61 308 109,167


Sources: Statistics Canada


Cities

Age structure

Age structure of Canadian population, 2001
(2006 Census)

Males Females
Age

Group
Number Per cent Number Per cent
0-4 864,600 2.7% 825,940 2.6%
5-9 926,855 2.9% 882,520 2.8%
10-14 1,065,860 3.3% 1,014,060 3.2%
15-19 1,095,285 3.5% 1,045,205 3.3%
20-24 1,047,950 3.3% 1,032,435 3.3%
25-29 975,945 3.1% 1,009,635 3.2%
30-34 987,730 3.1% 1,032,515 3.3%
35-39 1,083,495 3.4% 1,124,780 3.6%
40-44 1,285,535 4.1% 1,324,925 4.2%
45-49 1,290,125 4.1% 1,330,470 4.2%
50-54 1,158,970 3.7% 1,198,330 3.8%
55-59 1,026,395 3.2% 1,058,230 3.3%
60-64 780,135 2.5% 809,730 2.6%
65-69 593,810 1.9% 640,770 2.0%
70-74 493,460 1.6% 560,320 1.8%
75-79 386,485 1.2% 493,095 1.6%
80-84 251,420 0.8% 395,285 1.3%
85+ 161,930 0.5% 358,680 1.1%
Totals 15,475,970 49.0% 16,136,930 51.0%


Median age

  • total: 39.5 years
    • male: 38.6 years
    • female: 40.4 years (2006)


Median age by province and territory, 2006 Census
  1. Nova Scotiamarker: 41.8
  2. Newfoundland and Labradormarker: 41.7
  3. New Brunswickmarker: 41.5
  4. Quebecmarker: 41.0
  5. British Columbiamarker: 40.8
  6. Prince Edward Islandmarker: 40.8
  7. Ontariomarker: 39.0
  8. Saskatchewanmarker: 38.7
  9. Yukonmarker: 38.4
  10. Manitobamarker: 38.1
  11. Albertamarker: 36.0
  12. Northwest Territoriesmarker: 31.2
  13. Nunavutmarker: 23.1
Total: 39.5

Sources: Statistics Canada


Population growth rates

Population by province and territory, 2006 and 2001 censuses, 5 year real population growth/decline, percentage population change from 2001 to 2006 and each jurisdiction's percent population of the total population of Canada as of the 2006 Census

(sorted by real population growth (or decline) descending)
Jurisdiction 2006 2001 Growth % Change % TOTAL
Ontariomarker 6.6 38.47
Albertamarker 10.6 10.40
Quebecmarker 4.3 23.87
British Columbiamarker 5.3 13.01
Manitobamarker 2.6 3.63
Nova Scotiamarker 0.6 2.89
Northwest Territoriesmarker 11.0 0.13
Nunavutmarker 10.2 0.09
Yukonmarker 5.9 0.09
Prince Edward Islandmarker 0.4 0.43
New Brunswickmarker 0.1 2.31
Newfoundland and Labradormarker -1.5 1.60
Saskatchewanmarker -1.1 2.96
TOTAL 5.4 100.00


Derived from: Statistics Canada - (table) Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2001 Censuses - 100% Data

Last modified (by source): N/A

Compiled/added to Wikipedia: 2007-07-22

Vital statistics

Birth rate: 10.28 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate: 7.74 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Sex ratio:
  • at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)


Infant mortality rate: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

  • total population: 81.23 years
  • male: 78.69 years
  • female: 83.91 years (2009 est.)


Total fertility rate: 1.58 children born/woman (2009 est.)

Ethnicity

Nationality:

A map indicating the largest reported ethnic identity by province or territory


Ethnic origin

Canadians were able to self-identify one or more ethnic origins in the 2001 census. It should be noted that percentages may therefore add up to more than 100%. The most common response was 'Canadian'. Since the term 'Canadian' is as much an expression of citizenship as of ethnicity, these figures should not be considered an exact record of the relative prevalence of different ethnocultural ancestries.

Single responses: 22.77% of respondents gave a single response of 'Canadian', while a further 16.65% identified with both 'Canadian', and one or more other ancestries. 4.99% of respondents gave a single response of English, 3.58% gave a single response of French, 3.16% gave a single response of Chinese, 2.45% gave a single response of Italian, 2.38% gave a single response of German, 2.05% gave a single response of Scottish, 1.96% gave a single response of East Indian, 1.68% gave a single response of Irish, 1.54% gave a single response of North American Indian, 1.10% gave a single response of Ukrainian and 1.07% gave a single response of Dutch .

Multiple responses: Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnic origins were (2006):English
21.03%
French 18.82%
Scottish 15.11%
Irish 13.94%
German 10.18%
Italian 4.63%
Chinese 4.31%
North American Indian 4.01%
Ukrainian 3.87%
Dutch 3.31%
Polish 3.15%
East Indian 3.08%
Russian 1.60%
Welsh 1.41%
Filipino 1.40%
Norwegian 1.38%
Portuguese 1.32%
Métis 1.31%
Swedish 1.07%
Latin American 1.04%
Hungarian 1.01%
Jewish 1.01%

The same data is also grouped more geographically by Statistics Canada as follows:

2006 % 2001 %
North American 40.21%
British Isles 33.64%
French 15.89%
Western European 12.78%
Eastern European 8.50%
Southern European 7.87%
2006 % 2001 %
East and Southeast Asian 6.03%
Aboriginal 4.45%
South Asian 3.25%
Northern European 3.22%
Caribbean 1.70%
Other European 1.28%
2006 % 2001 %
Arab 1.17%
African 0.99%
Latin, Central and

South American
0.82%
West Asian 0.69%
Oceania 0.16%

Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (29,639,035 in 2001) and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.

All ethnocultural ancestries with more than 56,000 responses are listed in the table above according to the exact terminology used by Statistics Canada.


Visible minorities

Year 1996 1996% 2001 2001% 2006 2006%
South Asian 670590 2.35% 917070 3.09% 1233275 4.00%
Chinese 860150 3.02% 1029395 3.47% 1168485 3.70%
Black 573860 2.01% 662215 2.23% 783795 2.50%
Filipino 234195 0.82% 308575 1.04% 389550 1.30%
Latin American 176970 0.62% 304245 1.00%
Arab 265550 0.90%
Southeast Asian 172765 0.61% 231425 0.70%
West Asian 156700 0.50%
Korean 64835 0.23% 138425 0.40%
Japanese 68135 0.24% 60415 0.20%
Multiple visible minorities 61575 0.22% 104215 0.30%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 69745 0.24% 71420 0.20%
Total visible minority population 3197480 11.21% 3983845 13.44% 5068095 16.20%
Non-Visible Minority Population 25330645 88.79% 25655185 86.56% 26172935 83.78%
Total Population 28528125 100.00% 29639030 100.00% 31241030 100.00%


1996 http://www.statcan.gc.ca/c1996-r1996/feb17-17fev/vm-mv-can-eng.htm

2001 http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/highlight/Ethnicity/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=PR&Code=0&View=1&Table=1&StartRec=1&Sort=2&B1=Counts

2006 http://www.recensement2006.ca/english/census06/data/highlights/ethnic/pages/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=PR&Code=01&Table=1&Data=Count&StartRec=1&Sort=2&Display=Page

Aboriginal status

The 2006 census counted a total Canadian Aboriginal population of 1,172,790 (3.75%) which includes 698,025 First Nations (2.23%), 389,785 Métis (1.25%), and 50,480 Inuit (0.16%). Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (31,241,030)

Province/Territory Number %
provincial
%
national
Indian,(First Nations) Métis Inuit Multiple Other
British Columbiamarker 196,075 4.8% 16.7% 129,575 59,445 795 1,655 4,605
Albertamarker 188,365 5.8% 16.1% 97,280 85,495 1,605 1,220 2,760
Saskatchewanmarker 141,890 14.9% 12.1% 91,400 48,115 220 625 1,530
Manitobamarker 175,395 15.5% 15.0% 100,645 71,805 565 680 1,695
Ontariomarker 242,495 2.0% 20.7% 158,400 73,610 2,040 1,910 6,540
Quebecmarker 108,430 1.5% 9.2% 65,085 27,980 10,950 955 3,450
New Brunswickmarker 17,655 2.5% 1.5% 12,385 4,270 185 100 710
Nova Scotiamarker 24,175 2.7% 2.1% 15,240 7,680 320 100 830
Prince Edward Islandmarker 1,730 1.3% 0.1% 1,230 385 30 10 75
Newfoundland and Labradormarker 23,450 4.7% 2.0% 7,765 6,470 4,715 290 4,205
Yukonmarker 7,580 25.1% 0.6% 6,275 800 255 50 190
Northwest Territoriesmarker 20,635 50.3% 1.8% 12,640 3,580 4,160 105 145
Nunavutmarker 24,915 85.0% 2.1% 100 125 24,640 30 20
Canada 1,172,790 3.8% 100.0% 698,025 389,785 50,480 7,740 26,760
Sources: 2006 Census


Religions

See also: Religion in Canada
Top self-identified religious affiliations in Canada in 2001.
+ Top Self-Identified Religious Affiliations in Canada
1991 2001 % change
(in numbers)
Number % Number %
Christian 81 77
- Roman & Old Catholic 12,203,625 45.2 12,936,905 43.6 +4.8
- Christian Orthodox 387,395 1.4 479,620 1.6 +23.8
- Coptic Orthodox 5,020 0.02 10,285 0.03 +104.9
- Romanian Orthodox 4,570 0.02 4,675 0.02 +2.3
- Total Other Christian 9,427,675 34.9 8,654,850 29.2 -8.2
- United Church of Canada 3,093,120 11.3 2,839,125 9.5 -8.2
- Anglican Church of Canada 2,188,110 8.0 2,035,495 6.8 -7.0
- Baptist 663,360 2.4 729,475 2.4 +10.0
- Lutheran 636,205 2.3 606,590 2.0 -4.7
- Presbyterian 636,295 2.3 409,830 1.4 -35.6
- Pentecostal 436,435 1.6 369,475 1.2 -15.3
- Mennonite 207,970 0.8 191,465 0.6 -7.9
- Jehovah's Witnesses 168,375 0.6 154,745 0.5 -8.1
- Methodist 83,910 0.3 106,545 0.4 +27.0
- Mormon 100,770 0.4 104,750 0.3 +3.9
- Salvation Army 112,345 0.4 87,785 0.3 -21.9
- Christian Reformed Church in North America 84,685 0.3 76,665 0.3 -9.5
- Christian and Missionary Alliance 59,365 0.2 66,280 0.2 +11.9
- Adventists 52,365 0.2 62,875 0.2 +20.1
- Christian, not included elsewhere¹ 353,040 1.3 780,450 2.6 +121.1
Other
- Muslim 253,265 0.9 579,640 2.0 +128.9
- Jewish 318,185 1.2 329,995 1.1 +3.7
- Buddhist 163,415 0.6 300,345 1.0 +83.8
- Hindu 157,015 0.6 297,200 1.0 +89.3
- Sikh 147,440 0.5 278,410 0.9 +88.8
No religion 3,397,000 12.6 4,900,095 16.5 +44.2
¹ Includes persons who report only “Christian”, only "Protestant", and those in denominations less than 60,000
* For comparability purposes, 1991 data are presented according to 2001 boundaries.


Sources: Statistics Canada


Note(s):

However, a more recent research in the year 2005 indicates that the non-religious group has risen significantly. Phil Zuckerman, an Associate Professor of Sociology at Pitzer Collegemarker writes of several academic sources who have in recent years placed atheism rates in Canada between 19% and 30%.

Languages

Language used most often at work:

Languages by mothertongue:
:*Chinese: 3.1%
:*Italian: 1.4%
:*German 1.2%
:*Spanish: 1.2%
:*Punjabi: 1.1%
:*Tagalog: 0.9%
:*Tamil: 0.8%


Literacy

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 99% (2003 est.)
  • male: 99%
  • female: 99%


Education expenditures

  • 5.2% of total GDP (2002)


City populations

  • As of 2006, Canada's 13 largest cities (metro areas) have a combined population of 17,885,000
  • Canada has 100 cities with 45,000 inhabitants or more for a combined population of 20,687,000
  • Canada has 230 cities with 15,000 inhabitants or more


See also



Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories


Further reading

Roderic Beaujot and Don Kerr, The Changing Face of Canada: Essential Readings in Population, Canadian Scholars' Press, 2007, ISBN 978-1-55130-322-2.

References


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