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Demographics of Niger: Map


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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Nigermarker, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The largest ethnic groups in Nigermarker are the Hausa, who also constitute the major ethnic group in northern Nigeriamarker, and the Zarma Songhay (also spelled Djerma-Songhai), who also are found in parts of Malimarker. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the arable, southern tier. The Kanouri (including Beri Beri, Manga) make up the majority of sedentary population in the far southeast of the nation. The remainder of the Nigerien people are nomadic or seminomadic livestock-raising peoples--Tuareg, Fulani, Toubou and Diffa Arabs. With rapidly growing populations and the consequent competition for meager natural resources, lifestyles of these two types of peoples have come increasingly into conflict in Niger in recent years.

Niger's high infant mortality rate is comparable to levels recorded in neighboring countries. However, the child mortality rate (deaths among children between the ages of 1 and 4) is exceptionally high (274 per 1,000) due to generally poor health conditions and inadequate nutrition for most of the country's children. Niger's very high fertility rate (7.4), nonetheless, means that nearly half (49%) of the Nigerien population is under age 15. School attendance is very low (34%), including 38% of males and only 27% of females. Additional education occurs through Koranic schools.

Core health indicators

World Health Organisation 2007 statistics: Core Health Indicators for Niger
Indicator Value (year)
Life expectancy at birth (years) males 42.0 (2005)
Life expectancy at birth (years) females 41.0 (2005)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years) males 36.0 (2002)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years) females 35.0 (2002)
Probability of dying (per 1 000 population) between 15 and 60 years (adult mortality rate) males 502 (2005)
Probability of dying (per 1 000 population) between 15 and 60 years (adult mortality rate) females 478 (2005)
Total expenditure on health as percentage of gross domestic product 4.2 (2004)
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate 25.9 (2004)
Population (in thousands) total 13957 (2005)

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.


10,075,511 (July 2000 est.) The population is projected to double by 2026.

Age structure

0-19 years:
57.4% (male 3,561,300; female 3,413,841)
20-64 years:
40.3% (male 2,516,092; female 2,378,398)
65 years and over:
2% (male 121,570; female 109,725) (2000 est.)

Population growth rate

2.898% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

50.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

20.51 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
1.11 male(s)/female
total population:
1 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate

124.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population:
41.27 years
41.43 years
41.11 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate

7.61 children born/woman (2000 est.)



Ethnic groups

Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Tuareg 8.5%, Fulani 8%, Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 10,000 Frenchmarker expatriates


Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians (see Religion in Niger)


French (official), Hausa, Djerma, Tamajaq, Fulfulde.


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 28.7% (2004 est.; source: UNDP 2006; NB- this figure is given without reference to which languages are considered)
:Male: 42.9%
:Female: 15.1%

See also


  1. World Health Organisation 2007 statistics: Core Health Indicators for Niger.

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