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The Department of Conservation (In Māori, Te Papa Atawhai), commonly known by its acronym, "DOC", is the state sector organisation of New Zealandmarker which deals with the conservation of New Zealand’s natural and historic heritage. The Minister of Conservation in New Zealandmarker's Government is the Hon, Tim Groser.

The New Zealand Conservation Authority is an advisory body to the Department of Conservation and to the Minister of Conservation.



Department of Conservation signs of this format are commonly seen around New Zealand national parks.

The department was formed in 1987, when the Conservation Act 1987 was passed to integrate part of the Department of Lands and Survey, the Forest Service and the Wildlife Service. This Act also set out the majority of the Department's responsibilities and roles.

DOC administers most of the Crown land in New Zealand. This is almost a third of New Zealand's land area, including national, forest and maritime parks, marine reserves, nearly 4000 reserves, river margins, some coastline, several hundred wetlands, and many offshore islands. Most of the land under its control is protected for either scenic, scientific, historic or cultural reasons, or set aside for recreation.

Providing for recreation is a major part of its core work, and this covers the management of family picnic sites, as well as maintaining rugged backcountry tracks and over 1000 accompanying backcountry huts that are used by hunters and recreational trampers. DOC also administers the Nature Heritage Fund, and is responsible for rural fire control.

In addition to its work managing land and providing for recreation in New Zealand, DOC works to preserve its natural heritage. This includes preservation of historic sites on public conservation land, saving native threatened species, managing threats like pests and weeds, environmental restoration, caring for marine life, and assisting landowners to effectively preserve natural heritage.

The methods of achieving these goals have resulted in controversy, where some people claim that the Department of Conservation is overly biased towards environmentalists at the expense of New Zealand's economy. This is particularly a concern amongst some farmers and other industries that are major users of neighbouring land, many of whom have been affected by decisions of the department. However, these criticised DOC efforts have also been lauded for achieving some success, for both conservationists and farmers, having led to a significant drop in possum populations during the last decades.

The DOC was floated as the agency to supervise the construction of the proposed New Zealand Cycleway, though this is now being managed primarily by the Ministry of Tourism, in coordination with the DOC where appropriate.


The Department of Conservation moved into a new headquarters, Conservation House, on Manners Street, Wellingtonmarker in 2006. It is the first green building in New Zealand to be given a 5-star rating, having won numerous environmental awards, including a top 10 placing by Grist Magazine. The site was originally a cinema complex operated by the Hoyts Group from the mid 1980s until the early 2000s, when it closed down in the face of stiff competition.

Ministers of Conservation

Name PM Served Took Office Left Office Party
1 Russell Marshall Lange 1 April 1987 24 August 1987 Labour
2 Helen Clark Lange 24 August 1987 30 January 1989 Labour
3 Philip Woollaston Palmer, Moore 30 January 1989 2 November 1990 Labour
4 Denis Marshall Bolger 2 November 1990 30 May 1996 National
5 Simon Upton Bolger 30 May 1996 16 December 1996 National
6 Nick Smith Bolger, Shipley 16 December 1996 10 December 1999 National
7 Sandra Lee-Vercoe Clark 10 December 1999 15 August 2002 Alliance
8 Chris Carter Clark 15 August 2002 31 October 2007 Labour
9 Stephanie Chadwick Clark 31 October 2007 19 November 2008 Labour
10 Tim Groser Key 19 November 2008 Incumbent National

Significant events

Cave Creek disaster

In 1995, 14 people died when a viewing platform maintained by the Department of Conservation collapsed. Immediately following the tragedy, all of the department's 106 viewing platforms throughout New Zealand were checked. Fifteen platforms were closed for repairs.

A Commission of Inquiry that followed the tragedy revealed that the department had acted illegally and negligently in constructing the viewing platform. The commission also stated that the department was seriously underfunded for the tasks with which it was delegated, resulting in a culture of sub-standard safety procedures having been used for the building and maintenance of some of its facilities. Many people in New Zealand criticised the government for the department's situation, and Denis Marshall, the presiding Minister of Conservation at the time, eventually resigned over the incident. Since the inquiry, radical changes have been made to the department's procedures to prioritise safety.

Raoul Island eruption

In March 2006, a volcanic eruption at the Green Lake of Raoul Islandmarker, administered by the Department of Conservation, was believed to have killed DOC worker Mark Kearney. At the exact time of the eruption, Mr Kearney is thought to have been taking temperature measurements of the lake as part of a programme for monitoring volcanic activity. Five other DOC workers, who were also living on the island, were forced to evacuate back to New Zealand shortly after the eruption. Searches for Mr Kearney, which have been inhibited by the island's remote location and the risks of further volcanic activity, have since failed to find any signs of him.

See also


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