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Derby ( , ) is a city in the East Midlands region of Englandmarker. It lies upon the banks of the River Derwent and is located in the south of the ceremonial county of Derbyshiremarker. In the 2001 census, the population of the city was 233,700, whilst that of the Derby Urban Area was 229,407. According to the 2001 census, Derby was at that time the 18th largest settlement in England, measured by urban area.

History

Origins

The city has Roman, Saxon and Viking connections.

The Roman camp of 'Derventio' was probably at Little Chester/Chester Green ( );The site of the old Roman fort is at Chester Green. Later the town was one of the 'Five Boroughs' (fortified towns) of the Danelawmarker.
The popular belief is that the name 'Derby' is a corruption of the Danish and Gaelic Djúra-bý (recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Deoraby) (Village of the Deer). However some assert that it is a corruption of the original Roman name 'Derventio'. The town was also named 'Darby' or 'Darbye' on some of the oldest maps, e.g. Speed's 1610 map. Derby recently celebrated its 2,000th year as a settlement.

Modern research (2004) into the history and archaeology of Derby has provided evidence that the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons probably co-existed, occupying two areas of land surrounded by water. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (c. 900) says that "Derby is divided by water". These areas of land were known as Norþworþig ("Northworthy", = "north enclosure") and Deoraby, and were at the "Irongate" (north) side of Derby.

16th century - 18th century

During the Civil War of 1642-1646, Derby was garrisoned by Parliamentary troops commanded by Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, who was appointed Governor of Derby in 1643. These troops took part in the defence of nearby Nottinghammarker, the Siege of Lichfieldmarker, the Battle of Hopton Heathmarker and many other engagements in Nottinghamshiremarker, Staffordshire and Cheshiremarker, as well as successfully defending Derbyshire against Royalist armies.

Bonnie Prince Charlie set up camp at Derby on 4 December 1745, whilst on his way south to seize the British crown. The prince called at The George Innmarker on Irongate, where the Duke of Devonshire had set up his headquarters, and demanded billets for his 9,000 troops.
Statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie located on Cathedral Green
stayed at Exeter Housemarker, Exeter Street where he held his "council of war". A replica of the room is on display at Derby Museummarker in the city centre. He had received misleading information about an army coming to meet him south of Derby. Although he wished to continue with his quest, he was overruled by his fellow officers. He abandoned his invasion at Swarkestone Bridgemarker on the River Trent just a few miles south of Derby. As a testament to his belief in his cause, the prince - who on the march from Scotlandmarker had walked at the front of the column - made the return journey on horseback at the rear of the bedraggled and tired army.

Each year at the beginning of December, the Charles Edward Stuart Society of Derby lead a weekend of activities culminating in a parade through the city centre and a battle on Cathedral Green.

Industrial Revolution

Derby and Derbyshire were centres of Britain's Industrial Revolution. In 1717, Derby was the site of the first water powered silk millmarker in Britain, built by John Lombe and George Sorocold, after Lombe had reputedly stolen the secrets of silk-throwing from Piedmont in what is now Italymarker (he is alleged to have been poisoned by Piedmontese as revenge in 1722).

In 1759, Jedediah Strutt patented and built a machine called the Derby Rib Attachment that revolutionised the manufacture of hose. This attachment was used on the Rev. Lee's Framework Knitting Machine; it was placed in front of - and worked in unison with - Lee's Frame, to produce ribbed hose (stockings). The partners were Jedediah Strutt, William Woollatt (who had been joined in 1758 by) John Bloodworth and Thomas Stafford, all leading hosiers in Derby. The patent was obtained in January 1759. After three years, Bloodworth and Stafford were paid off, and Samuel Need - a hosier of Nottinghammarker - joined the partnership. The firm was known as Need, Strutt & Woollatt. The patent expired in 1773, though the partnership continued until 1781 when Need died.
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Messrs. Wright, the bankersof Nottingham, recommended that Richard Arkwrightapply to Strutt & Need for finance for his cotton spinningmill. The first mill opened in Nottingham in 1770 and was driven by horses. In 1771 Richard Arkwright, Samuel Need and Jedediah Strutt built the world's first water-powered cotton spinning mill at Cromfordmarker, Derbyshiremarker, developing a form of power that was to be a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution.

This was followed in Derbyshiremarker by Jedediah Strutt's cotton spinning mills at Belpermarker.They were: South Mill, the first, 1775; North Mill, 1784, which was destroyed by fire on 12 January 1803 and then rebuilt; it started work again at the end of 1804; West Mill, 1792, commenced working 1796; Reeling Mill, 1897; Round Mill, which took 10 years to build, from 1803 to 1813, and commenced working in 1816; and Milford Mills, 1778. The Belper and Milfordmarker mills were not built in partnership with Arkwright.These mills were all Strutt owned and financed.

Other famous 18th century figures with connections to Derby include Dr Johnson, the creator of the English dictionary, who married Elizabeth Porter at St. Werburgh's Church, Derbymarker, Derby in 1735; the painter Joseph Wright, known as Wright of Derby, who was famous for his revolutionary use of light in his paintings and was an associate of the Royal Academymarker; and John Whitehurst, a famous clockmaker and philosopher.Erasmus Darwin, doctor, scientist, philosopher and grandfather of Charles Darwin was also to be found in Derby and Derbyshire at much the same time, though his practice was based in Lichfieldmarker, Staffordshire.

The beginning of the next century saw Derby emerging as an engineering centre with manufacturers such as James Fox, who exported machine tools to Russiamarker.

In 1840, the North Midland Railwayset up its works in Derbyand, when it merged with the Midland Counties Railwayand the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway, to form the Midland Railway, Derby became its headquarters.

The connection with the railway encouraged others, notably Andrew Handyside, Charles Foxand his son Francis Fox. A list of the structures these three built reads like a "Who's Who"of famous buildings.

Derby was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, and it became a county boroughwith the Local Government Act 1888. The borough expanded in 1877 to include Little Chestermarker and Litchurchmarker, and then in 1890 to include New Normanton and Rowditch.The borough did not increase substantially again until 1968, when under a recommendation of the Local Government Boundary Commission it was expanded into large parts of the rural district of Belpermarker, Reptonmarker and South East Derbyshiremarker.This vastly increased Derby's population from 132,408 in the 1961 census to 219,578 in the 1971 census.
Despite being one of the areas of Britain furthest from the sea, Derby holds a special place in the history of marine safety - it was as MP for Derby that Samuel Plimsollintroduced his bills for a 'Plimsoll line' (and other marine safety measures). This failed on first introduction, but was successful in 1876 and contributed to Plimsoll's re-election as a deservedly popular MP.

20th century to present day

Derby was awarded city status on 7 June 1977 by Queen Elizabeth IIto mark the 25th anniversary of her ascension to the throne. The Queen presented the "charter scroll" in person on 28 July 1977. Until then, Derby had been one of the few towns in England with a cathedralbut not city status.

Derby has a number of public parks, many Victorianin origin. Darleymarker and Derwentmarker parks lie immediately north of the city centre and are home to owls, kingfishers and a wide variety of other wildlife.Derby Rowing Club and Derwent Rowing Club are located on the banks of the river. There is also an attractive riverside walk and cycle path from Darley Park south to two other parks. West of the city centre is Markeaton Parkmarker, while to the north is Allestree Parkmarker and its lake.Derby also has the first public recreational park in the country to have an arboretum (Derby Arboretummarker), which lies to the south of the city centre.The arboretum was set up by the philanthropiclandownerand industrialistJoseph Struttin 1840. The arboretum's website states that the arboretum's design was the inspiration for the vision of great urban parks in the USAmarker, notably Central Parkmarker in New York Citymarker.

Derby holds an important position in the history of the Labour movement, because it was one of two seats (the other being Keir Hardie's in Merthyr Tydfilmarker) gained by the recently formed Labour Representation Committee at the 1900 general election.The MP was Richard Bell, General Secretaryof the Railway Servants Union. Bell was succeeded in 1910 by Jimmy Thomasand he in turn by the distinguished polymathand Nobel LaureatePhilip Noel-Bakerin 1936.

Despite its strategic industries (rail and aero-engine), Derby suffered comparatively little damage in both world wars (contrast Bristolmarker and Filtonmarker).This may in part have been due to the skilful jamming of the German radio-beam navigations systems (X-Verfahren and Knickebein, camouflage and decoy techniques ('Starfish sites') were built, mainly south of the town, e.g. out in fields near Foremarkmarker (ref.Kirk, Felix & Bartnik, 2002, see talk; see also [696879]).

Derby has also become a significant cultural centre for the deaf community in the UKmarker.Many deaf people move to Derby because of its strong sign language-using community. It is estimated that the deaf population in Derby is at least three times higher than the national average, and that only London has a larger deaf population. The Royal School for the Deaf on Ashbourne Road provides education in British Sign Languageand English.

More recently Derby was granted the Fairtrade Citystatus.

Governance

By traditional definitions, Derby is the county town of Derbyshiremarker, although Derbyshire's administrative centre has in recent years been Matlockmarker.On 1 April 1997 Derby City Council became again a unitary authority(a status it had held, as a county borough, up until 1974), with the rest of Derbyshire administered from Matlock.

Geography

Derby is split into 17 Wards.



Nearest settlements

Borrowashmarker,Ockbrookmarker,Draycott,Melbournemarker (Derbyshire, England, UK),Elvaston,Coxbenchmarker,Quarndonmarker,Little Eatonmarker,Morley(Derbyshire, England, UK),Duffieldmarker,Belpermarker,Heanormarker,Ripley,Ilkestonmarker,Ripleymarker (Derbyshire Constabulary HQ),Langley Millmarker,Alfretonmarker,Chesterfieldmarker,Matlockmarker (Derbyshire County Council is based here),Bakewellmarker,Alfretonmarker,Buxtonmarker,Breastonmarker,Long Eatonmarker,Sandiacremarker,SawleyNottinghammarker,Sandiacremarker,Beestonmarker,Coalvillemarker,Loughboroughmarker,Ashby-De-La-Zouchmarker,MeashammarkerCastle Doningtonmarker,Leicestermarker,Burton-upon-Trentmarker.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Derby at current basic prices published(pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statisticswith figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

 includes hunting and forestry


 includes energy and construction


 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding


Industry

Derby's two biggest employers, Rolls-Royce plc(commonly known in the area as 'Royce's') and the Toyota Motor Corporation, are both in the engineering manufacturing trade. Egg, the Internet and telephone bank, has its national base in Derby. Other companies of note include Bombardierwho manufacture train systems and aircraft, and Alstomwho manufacture large power plant boilersand heat exchangers.

As already noted, Derby was for many years a significant railway centre, being the former headquarters of the Midland Railway, with both British Railworkshops and research facilities in the town. Although much less important than in years gone by, train manufacture continues in Derby and Derby railway stationmarker retains an important strategic role in the railway network.Moreover many major railway manufacturers retain a presence and, as reported in the Derby Evening Telegraph, the city is favoured as a possible site for a new national railway centre.

Among a number of IT houses, Derby was the home of Core Design, who developed the computer game Tomb Raiderwith its heroine Lara Croft.

Landmarks

Derby Cathedralmarker has the third-highest Anglican cathedral tower in the country.In recent years, this has been home to a pair of breeding peregrine falcons. Webcams monitor the falcons here.

Derby Gaolmarker is a visitor attraction based in the dungeons of the Derbyshire County Gaol which dates back to 1756.

Derby Industrial Museummarker is situated in Derby Silk Millmarker and shows the industrial heritage and technological achievement of Derby, including Rolls-Royce aero engines, railways, mining, quarrying and foundries.

Pickford's House Museum
Pickford's House Museummarker was built by architect Joseph Pickford in 1770.It was his home and business headquarters. Derby Museum and Art Gallerymarker shows paintings by Joseph Wright, as well as fine Royal Crown Derby porcelain, local regiments and archaeology.Pickford also designed St Helen's Housemarker in King Street.

Much of the skyline of the inner city changed radically in 1968 when the inner ring road with its two new crossings of the River Derwentwas built. The route of the ring road went through the magnificent St. Alkmund's Churchmarker and its wonderful Georgian churchyard, the only Georgian square in Derby.Both were demolished to make way for the road, a move still criticised today. Thus the editor (Elizabeth Williamson) of the 2nd edition of Pevsnerfor Derbyshire wrote:- '...the character and cohesion of the centre has been completely altered by the replacement of a large number of C18 houses in the centre by a multi-lane road. As a traffic scheme this road is said to be a triumph; as townscape it is a disaster.'

The newer buildings along Ford Street and St Alkmund's Way include the Friargate Studios, Joseph Wright College and the Jurys Inn. They can be seen below in the gallery. The jury is said to be out with regard to the hotel which, as such an incongruously tall structure for the centre of Derby, now dominates the skyline, demoting nearby St Mary's and, indeed, the Cathedral - silhouettes which formerly described the character of the city. The building of the Jurys Inn in such proximity to the cathedral has forever altered, in one fell swoop, quite familiar and well liked approach views of the city such as those from the top of Green Lane, Nottingham Road and from Darley Park.

Places of interest



Transport

Roads

Derby's central location in England means it has extensive transport links with other areas of the country. The M1 motorway passes about ten miles to the east of the city, linking Derby southwards to the Londonmarker area and northwards to Sheffieldmarker and Leedsmarker.Other major roads passing through or near Derby include the A6 (historically the main route from London to Carlislemarker, also linking to Leicestermarker and Manchestermarker), A38 (Bodminmarker to Mansfieldmarker via Bristolmarker and Birminghammarker), A50 (Warringtonmarker to Leicestermarker via Stoke-on-Trentmarker), A52 (Newcastle-under-Lymemarker to Mablethorpemarker, including Brian Clough Way linking Derby to Nottinghammarker) and A61 (Derby to Thirskmarker via Sheffield and Leeds).

Railways

The completed work renovating the platform canopies at Derby Station.


Derby has been served by railways since 1840 with the opening of the North Midland Railwayto Leeds, with a route to London via Rugby provided by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway. At the same time, a route to Nottingham and Leicester was opened by the Midland Counties Railway. In 1844, these three companies merged to form the Midland Railway who subsequently opened a direct route to London St Pancras stationmarker.The present day station, Derby Midlandmarker on the same site as 1840 and the original platform visibly forms the sub-structure of the modern Platform 1.The Midland Railway frontage was replaced in 1985, and during 2008/9 the 1950s concrete platform canopies were replaced with steel and glass structures.

Derby station is operated by East Midlands Trainsand the city is served by frequent expresses to London, the North East and South West, provided by East Midlands Trains and CrossCountry. There also remain small local stations at Peartreemarker and Spondonmarker, although services are fairly limited, especially at the former.

The Great Northern Railway's "Derbyshire and North Staffordshire Extension" formerly ran through Derby Friargate Station, from Colwickmarker and Nottinghammarker to Eggintonmarker Junction.After closure, part of the route west of Derby was used by British Rail as a test track. Today, the trackbed either side of Derby is blocked only by road development and has been converted to a Sustranscycle track. The ornate cast iron bridge by Andrew Handysideacross Friargate is still in place, as is his bridge over the river.

As a consequence of the Midland Railway basing their headquarters in Derby, along with their Locomotive and Carriage & Wagon Works, the railways has a very significant influence on the development of the town during the Victorian period. Derby's importance on the railway network was underlined by the development of the Railway Technical Centre, which continues to house several railway businesses.

Air

East Midlands Airportmarker is situated about fifteen miles (24 km) from Derby city centre.Its proximity to Derby, the fact that the airport is in Leicestershiremarker, and the traditional rivalry between the three cities (Derby, Leicester and Nottingham), meant that there was a great deal of controversy locally about the airport's decision to prefix its name with Nottingham in 2004.Later on, in 2006, Nottingham East Midlands Airport reverted to its previous name, seen by many to be a victory for both Derby and Leicester, and promoting a more unified East Midlands. The airport is served by several budget airlines, including Bmibaby(for which East Midlands is a main base), Ryanairand EasyJet, with services to a variety of internal and European destinations.

Bus and coach

A Derby Corporation trolleybus in Victoria Street, Derby, 30 July, 1967.
The trolleybus system closed on 9 September, 1967.
(Photograph by Alan Murray-Rust).


Derby's former bus stationmarker was an innovative art deco design by borough architect C.H.Aslin. Originally built in 1933, it was closed in 2005, and subsequently demolished, despite the protests of environmentalists and conservationists. The unique cafe building is planned to be rebuilt at Crich Tramway Museummarker.A new bus station is set to be built on the site as part of the Riverlights development. As a result of this work, services are currently using a number of temporary stops on streets around the Morledge area.

Local bus services in and around Derby are run by a number of companies, but principally Trent Bartonand Arriva Midlands. The city is not particularly well served by long distance coaches, although it is on National Express's London to Manchester and Yorkshire to the South West routes. Additionally a regional route between Manchester and Nottingham is run by Trent Barton via its TransPeak and Red Arrow services.

Between 1932 and 1967, Derby Corporation operated a trolleybussystem. The last trolleybus ran on 9 September 1967. Several Derby vehicles have been preserved at Sandtoftmarker and the East Anglia Transport Museummarker.

Culture, entertainment and sport

Music

The annual open-air concert at Darley Parkmarker is one of the biggest free concerts of its kind.It is one of many performances given throughout the year by Sinfonia Viva, a professional chamber orchestrabased in Derby. The Derby Jazz group caters for the jazz interest in the city and is regarded as one of the UK's leading live jazzorganisations. There is also a summer rock music festival Prom in the Parkwhich takes place in late July every year.

Theatre and arts

Derby Playhousemarker regularly received acclaim in the national press for its productions, particularly, in recent years, for its staging of shows by Stephen Sondheim.After a lengthy period of financial uncertainty, the theatre closed in February 2008. It was resurrected in September of that year after a new financing package was put together but forced to close again just two months later because of further financial problems.

QUADSee Derby QUADmarker is a new centre for art and film which opened on Friday 26 September, 2008.This new building has two cinema screens showing both independent and mainstream cinema, two gallery spaces housing contemporary visual arts, a digital studio, participation spaces, digital editing suites, artists studio and the bfi Mediatheque.

The Robert Ludlam Theatreis a 270 seat venue with a diverse programme of entertainment including dance, drama, art, music, theatre in the round, comedy, films, family entertainment, rock and pop events, workshops and provides a home for many of Derbyshire's amateurproduction groups. You have to go through St Benedict's School to get there, however.

John Dexterthe theatre director and the actor Alan Bateswere both from Derby.

Sport

Derby is home to several high profile sports clubs.

Derby County, who were FA Cupwinners in 1946, Football Leaguechampions in 1972 and again in 1975, and are currently members of the Football League Championship. They have played at Pride Park Stadiummarker since 1997, having been previously based at the Baseball Groundmarker, a stadium originally built in 1890 as a baseball stadium.One notable baseball player and famous footballer was the Derby legend Steve Bloomer, the baseball was discontinued when the sport failed to attract the expected support. Notable former managers include Brian Clough, Arthur Cox, Jim Smith, John Gregoryand George Burley. Notable former players include Colin Todd, Roy McFarland(who both later had brief and unsuccessful stints as manager at the club), Peter Shilton, Dean Saunders, Craig Short, Marco Gabbiadini, Horacio Carbonari, Nick Pickeringand Tom Huddlestone.

There are currently three senior non-league football clubs based in the city. Mickleover Sportsmarker play at Station Road, Mickleovermarker and are members of the UniBond League Division One South (the eighth level of the English football league system).Graham Street Primsmarker and Borrowash Victoria are both members of the East Midlands Counties League (level ten) and play on adjacent grounds at the Asterdale complex in Spondonmarker.

Derbyshire County Cricket Club are based at the County Groundmarker in Derby and play almost all home matches there, although matches at Chesterfieldmarker were re-introduced in 2006.One of the designated first classcounty sides, they have won the County Championshiponce, in 1936.

Derby also has clubs in both codes of rugby. In rugby union, Derby RFC play in Midlands Division Two East(the seventh level of English rugby union) at their Haslams Lane ground. Rugby leagueteam Derby City RLFCwere formed in 1990 and compete in the Midlands Premier Division of the National Rugby League Conference. From 2008 they are ground sharing with Derby RFC at Haslams Lane.

The city is also represented in the English Basketball LeagueDivision One by Derby Trailblazers, who play at the Moorways Sports Centre. They were formed in 2002 following the demise of British Basketball Leagueside Derby Storm.

Local industrialist Francis Leyintroduced baseballto the town in the late 19th century, and built a stadium near the town centre. The attempt to establish baseball in Derby was unsuccessful, but the stadium survived for some 100 years afterwards as the home of Derby County Football Club. It was finally demolished in 2003, six years after County's move to Pride Parkmarker.

Arthur Keilythe respected marathonrunnerand Olympianwas born in Derbyshire in 1921and has lived his whole life in Derby. In Rome in 1960he broke the English Olympic record, recording a time of 2hours 27mins .

Recreation

The newly restored Grove Street Lodge and "Grand Entrance" at the northern end of the arboretum


Derby Arboretummarker was the first public park in the country and is thought to have been one of the inspirations for Central Parkmarker in New Yorkmarker.Although it suffered from neglect in the 1990s, it has recently undergone extensive improvement and renovation.

Markeaton Park is Derby's most used leisure facility. It is the venue for the city council's annual Guy Fawkes Night firework display and contains its own light railwaymarker.Other major parks in the city include Allestree Parkmarker, Darley Parkmarker, Chaddesden Parkmarker, Alvaston Parkmarker, Normanton Parkmarker and Osmaston Parkmarker.

Shopping and nightlife

Shopping in Derby is divided into two main sections. The first is a recently opened Westfieldmarker Shopping Centre, controlled by the Westfield Group.The second is the older section known as the Cathedral Quarter. This area includes a range of boutiquesand coffee shopand is focused around the cathedral and the area around Irongate.

Westfield Derby (incorporating the former Eagle Centre) is the city's main indoor shopping centre. It opened on 9 October 2007 after major extension work costing £340 million. It contains a brand new food court and a 12-screen cinema (Showcase - Cinema De Lux) which was opened on 16 May, 2008. The development was controversial and local opponents accuse it of drawing trade away from the older parts of the city centre where independent shops have traditionally been located. Some of these have experienced a downturn in trade and some have ceased trading since the development opened. In Westfield itself, a combination of relatively high rents and rising rates have made things difficult for smaller traders.

The Friar Gate area contains a high number of clubs and bars, making it the centre of Derby's nightlife. Derby is also well provided with pubs, many of which have been applauded nationally for their support of real ale.

Education

Like most of the UK, Derby operates a non-selective primaryand secondary educationsystem with no middle schools. Pupilsattend infant and junior school (often in a combined primary school) before moving onto a comprehensivesecondary school. Many secondaries also have sixth forms, allowing pupils to optionally continue their education by taking A Levelsafter the end of compulsory education at age 16. For those who want to stay in education but leave school, the large Derby Collegemarker provides a number of post-16 courses.

Outside the state sector, there are four fee-paying independent schools. Derby Grammar Schoolmarker was founded in 1994 and was for boys only, until 2007, when they accepted girls into the sixth form for the first time, who aim to continue the work and traditions of the former Derby Schoolmarker, closed in 1989, one of the oldest schools in Englandmarker; Derby High Schoolmarker is for girls-only at secondary level and for boys at primary level; and Ockbrook Schoolmarker is an independent school for girls aged 3–18) and boys aged 3–11).Lastly, Michael House Steiner School can be found in Shipley, Heanormarker and caters for pupils from kindergarten age through to 16.

Derby also has an academy, Landau Forte Collegemarker, partially state-funded, but also with business backing.It was one of fifteen City Technology Collegesset up in the late 1980sand early 1990s, which was converted into a City Academy in September 2006.

Derby also has a number of special needsestablishments including Ivy House School (which takes pupils from nursery to sixth form) and the Light House which is a respitefacility for children and parents.

The University of Derbymarker has its main campus on Kedleston Road.There is another campus in north Derbyshire at Buxtonmarker.A new building at the university was recently opened by Sir Richard Branson.

In 2003 the University of Nottinghammarker opened a graduate entry medical schoolmarker based at Derby City General Hospitalmarker.

Media

The Derby Evening Telegraphis the city's daily newspaper. In addition, a free newspaper, the Derby Express, is delivered to households weekly. The former free Derby Trader weekly newspaper is no longer in print. The daily freesheet 'Metro' is distributed in the city centre every morning, although this only has a very small amount of local content. Another local paper is the weekly Derbyshire Timespublished every Thursday, which mainly covers news from the north of the county.

BBC Radio Derby, the BBC's award-winning local station for Derbyshiremarker and East Staffordshiremarker, is based on St. Helen's Street in the city and offers a mixture of local, national and international news, features, music and sports commentaries.It has around 150,000 weekly listeners and is available locally on 104.5 FM and 1116 AM, on 95.3 FM in North and Mid Derbyshire and on 96.0 FM in the Buxtonmarker area, as well as being streamed on the internet.The BBCin Derby also have their own local websitefor the area which provides news, travel and weather information, as well as other features. From 1983 to 2008 Radio Derby organised the Money Mountain Appeal, an annual on-air charity auction which raised more than £1 million for local causes. Since July 2007, the BBC has managed Big Screen Derby in the Market Place in conjunction with Derby City Council and the University of Derbymarker, as part of the BBC Big Screen project.

RAM FM, the independent local radio station for Derbyshiremarker and East Staffordshire, is also based in the city and offers a mixture of adult contemporary music and entertainment, with regular news and traffic bulletins.It broadcasts on 102.8 FM, and is also streamed on the internet, and is listened to by around 120,000 people each week. RAM FMis part of the Gcap One Network, and hosts many big local events, such as the Darley Park Concert, the city bonfire and fireworks, the Christmas lightsswitch-on, and the Race For Life, raising money for Cancer Research UK.

Trivia



Notable people



Twin cities

Twinning with Osnabrück

Derby is twinned with Osnabrückmarker in Germany.The partnership treaty between the two cities was signed on 17 February, 1976.

Osnabrück made contact with the British authorities as early as 1948, hoping to find an English twin town and therefore come to understand their former enemies from the Second World War. This attempt was unsuccessful and Osnabrück did not consider an English twin town again until 1972. The twinning agreement with Derby was signed four years later in the historical Hall of Peacein Osnabrück's "rathaus"(town hall). Since then the two towns have exchanged envoys.

Every year, Derby and Osnabrück each appoint an envoy who spends twelve months in his or her twin city. The envoy's role is varied, but encompasses areas such as promoting the exchange of ideas between the two cities, as well as acting as an educational and general information officer to promote awareness of the twinning scheme. They can help in all sorts of ways by: translating, giving talks to local societies and schools, finding pen friendsand short term host families during work placements, working in day-to-day contact to assist groups who want to get involved in twinning by identifying and approaching possible counterparts, planning the annual mayweek trip and a lot more.

There is an annual exchange between the wind bands of John Port Schoolmarker, Etwall and its twin school Gymnasium Melle in Osnabrück, the two bands taking turns to visit each other and participating in joint concerts.Beginning in 1977, the exchange is one of the longest and most successful of its kind in British history.

The exchange of envoys between two cities is very unusual. The team of envoys in Osnabrück changes every year and Osnabrück also sends envoys to Derby, Angers and Çanakkale. No other city in Germany participates in this exchange of envoys, and in Britain, only one other town, Wiganmarker, receives and sends an envoy.

List of international links



Gallery

Image:GreenLnRH.jpg|The cathedral from Green LaneImage:RRoyceRH.jpg|Part of the Rolls-Royce WorksImage:NursesHomeRH.jpg|Nurses' HomeImage:OldCollegeRH.jpg|Old CollegeImage:SureStartRH.jpg|Sure Start, NormantonImage:StMathewsDarleyAbbeyRH.jpg|St Matthew's, Darley AbbeyImage:StMaryBridgeRH.jpg|St Mary's-on-the-BridgeImage:StLukesRH.jpg|St Luke's, Stockbrook StreetImage:FalstaffRH.jpg|The Falstaff public house, NormantonImage:StJohnRH.jpg|St John's, Bridge StreetImage:WestfieldRH.JPG|Part of the Westfield CentreImage:Bloomer.JPG|Bust of Steve Bloomer at Pride Park StadiummarkerImage:WestfieldsRH.JPG|Westfield from Babington LaneImage:IslamCtRH.JPG|Islamic Centre, Wilmot StreetImage:PrisonRH.JPG|Ex Prison., Ex Greyhound StadiumImage:StMaryDerbyRH.JPG|St Mary's RC ChurchImage:SpaRH.JPG|Spa Inn, Abbey StreetImage:CathRH.JPG|Derby Cathederal and the Dolphin InnImage:GuruArjanDevGurdwaraRH.JPG|Guru Arjan Dev GurdwaraImage:DerbySchool1RH.JPG|Derby Moor Community Sports College & the Millennium Sixth Form CentreImage:Joseph Wright Derby.JPG|Joseph Wright, St Alkmunds WayImage:Friar gate Studios.JPG|Friar Gate Studios, Ford StreetImage:Jurys Inn Derby.JPG|New Jury's Inn St Alkmond's WayImage:Roundhouse Derby Near Completion.JPG|Roundhouse Derby Near Completion

References

  1. The Rivers of Time Ron McKeown, ISBN 0-9530603-7-3
  2. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_table_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_TPop&u_id=10109700&c_id=10001043&add=N
  3. The Times. July 29, 1977
  4. [1]
  5. Markeaton Today BBC.co.uk Accessed
  6. http://www.bbc.co.uk/derby/features/2004/02/bold_lane/index.shtml


External links



Year Population
1801 14,695
1851 48,506
1901 118,469
1921 142,824
1941 167,321
1951 181,423
1961 199,578
1971 219,558
1981 214,424
1991 225,296
2001 221,716
Ward
Areas within the Ward
Abbey
St Lukes and Normantonmarker (part of)
Allestree
Allestreemarker and Markeaton Parkmarker
Alvaston
Alvastonmarker, Crewton, Litchurchmarker, Pride Parkmarker, Wilmortonmarker and Allenton (Part of)
Arboretum
City Centre, Pear Treemarker and Rose Hillmarker
Blagreaves
Sunny Hillmarker and Littleovermarker (part of)
Boulton
Boultonmarker and Allentonmarker (part of)
Chaddesden
Chaddesdenmarker
Chellaston
Chellastonmarker and Shelton Lockmarker
Darley
Darley Abbeymarker, Five Lamps, Little Chestermarker (aka Chester Green), Strutt's Park and West End
Derwent
Breadsall Hilltop and Chaddesden Heights
Littleover
Littleovermarker (most of) and Heatherton Villagemarker
Mackworth
Mackworthmarker and Morley Estate
Mickleover
Mickleovermarker
Normanton
Normantonmarker (most of) and Austin Estate
Oakwood
Oakwoodmarker and Chaddesdenmarker (part of)
Sinfin
Sinfinmarker, Osmastonmarker and Stenson Fieldsmarker (part of)
Spondon
Spondonmarker
Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 2,509 2 1,130 1,377
2000 3,965 1 1,819 2,145
2003 4,421 1 1,806 2,614

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