Derbyshire: Map

  
  
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Derbyshire
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Region East Midlands
Area

- Total

- Admin. council

- Admin. area
Ranked 21st



Ranked 20th

Admin HQ Matlockmarker
ISO 3166-2 GB-DBY
ONS code 17
NUTS 3 UKF12/13
Demographics
Population

- Total ( )

- Density

- Admin. council

- Admin. pop.
Ranked





Ranked

Ethnicity 96.0% White

2.3% S. Asian

1.7% Black, Mixed Race or Chinese
Politics

Derbyshire County Council
http://www.derbyshire.gov.uk/

Executive
Members of Parliament
Districts
Image:Derbyshire Ceremonial Numbered.png|Click on image

poly 70 249 70 233 88 235 90 222 97 222 109 225 109 234 113 239 125 246 127 250 135 253 142 250 143 244 147 240 156 242 165 249 151 259 144 274 137 274 134 284 125 290 121 289 113 292 111 298 111 306 104 311 92 312 87 305 81 299 98 283 86 288 101 259 103 278 100 259 101 279 86 253 South Derbysmarkercircle 132 234 17 Derbymarkerpoly 165 203 175 238 179 238 179 245 166 248 150 237 150 231 146 221 133 217 133 209 Erewashmarkerpoly 99 221 114 225 129 207 167 201 161 167 151 162 123 154 107 182 Amber Valleymarkerpoly 39 129 56 105 53 92 68 77 78 82 88 69 97 73 94 82 102 85 108 120 117 125 112 126 122 151 105 185 99 221 93 221 87 234 68 234 68 246 51 246 50 214 65 200 60 161 Derbyshire Dalesmarkerpoly 31 128 11 108 11 47 6 42 15 26 22 14 31 12 31 3 55 13 61 28 67 44 85 58 76 79 64 79 52 90 53 105 High Peakmarkerpoly 166 79 160 96 131 96 128 116 128 120 145 122 155 114 162 120 155 135 154 143 149 163 128 156 112 128 119 128 106 111 104 86 119 86 141 78 North East Derbys.markerpoly 161 96 131 99 129 118 144 121 149 111 164 112 Chesterfieldmarkerpoly 160 169 149 155 156 142 152 135 162 132 163 104 167 104 163 86 185 88 194 88 194 102 186 110 189 130 180 138 166 140 Bolsovermarkerpoly 182 239 175 225 162 183 169 166 169 141 191 130 192 104 194 90 198 249 Nottinghamshiremarkerpoly 93 312 117 305 142 277 167 247 185 247 194 247 194 270 137 315 99 315 Leicestershiremarkerpoly 16 244 12 116 40 136 56 179 61 200 48 211 42 230 50 246 72 253 93 263 97 272 89 281 80 301 84 309 19 301 Staffordshirepoly 190 87 159 78 130 82 99 83 96 72 55 15 161 15 192 86 South Yorksmarkerpoly 7 33 20 13 29 13 29 7 3 7 5 39 Manchestermarker

desc none1.High Peakmarker 2.Derbyshire Dalesmarker 3.South Derbyshiremarker 4.Erewashmarker 5.Amber Valleymarker 6.North East Derbyshiremarker 7.Chesterfieldmarker 8.Bolsovermarker 9.Derbymarker (Unitary)
Derbyshire ( or ) is a county in the East Midlands of Englandmarker. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Parkmarker lies within Derbyshire. The northern part of Derbyshire overlaps with the Pennines, a famous chain of hills and mountains. The county contains part of the National Forest, and borders on Greater Manchestermarker to the North West, West Yorkshire to the North, South Yorkshiremarker to the North East, Nottinghamshiremarker to the East, Leicestershiremarker to the South East, Staffordshire to the West and South West and Cheshiremarker also to the West. Derbyshire can make some claims to be at the centre of Britain: a farm near Coton in the Elms has been identified as the furthest from the sea, whilst Rodsleymarker and Oversealmarker were the centres of population during the twentieth century.

The city of Derbymarker is now a unitary authority area, but remains part of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire. The non-metropolitan county contains 30 towns with between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants. There is a large amount of sparsely populated agricultural upland: 75% of the population live in 25% of the area. Although Derbyshire is in the East Midlands, some parts, such as High Peakmarker, are closer to the northern cities of Manchestermarker and Sheffieldmarker and these parts do receive services which are more affiliated with northern England; for example, the North West Ambulance Service, Granada Television and United Utilities serve the High Peak and some NHS Trusts within this region are governed by the Greater Manchester Health Authority. Outside the main city of Derbymarker, the largest town in the county is Chesterfieldmarker.

History

The area that is now Derbyshire was first visited, probably briefly, by humans 200,000 years ago during the Aveley interglacial as evidenced by a Middle Paleolithic Acheulian hand axe found near Hoptonmarker.. Further occupation came with the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age when Mesolithic hunter gatherers roamed the hilly tundra. The evidence of these nomadic tribes is centred around limestone caves located on the Nottinghamshire border. Deposits left in the caves date the occupancy at around 12,000 to 7,000 BCE.

Burial mounds of Neolithic settlers are also situated throughout the county. These chambered tombs were designed for collective burial and are mostly located in the central Derbyshire region. There are tombs in Minning Low, and Five Wells, which date back to between 2000 and 2500 BCE. Three miles west of Youlgreavemarker lies the Neolithic henge monument of Arbor Lowmarker, which has been dated to 2500 BCE.

It is not until the Bronze Age that real signs of agriculture and settlement are found in the county. In the moors of the Peak District signs of clearance, arable fields and hut circles were discovered after archeological investigation. However this area and another settlement at Swarkestonemarker are all that have been found.

During the Roman invasion the invaders were attracted to Derbyshire because of the lead ore in the limestone hills of the area. They settled throughout the county with forts built near Broughmarker in the Hope Valleymarker and near Glossopmarker. Later they settled around Buxtonmarker, famed for its warm springs, and set up a fortmarker near modern-day Derbymarker in an area now known as Little Chestermarker.

Several kings of Merciamarker are buried in the Reptonmarker area.

Following the Norman Conquest, much of the county was subject to the forest laws. To the northwest was the Forest of High Peakmarker under the custodianship of William Peverel and his descendants. The rest of the county was bestowed upon Henry de Ferrers, a part of it becoming Duffield Frithmarker. In time the whole area was given to the Duchy of Lancaster. Meanwhile the Forest of East Derbyshiremarker covered the whole county to the east of the River Derwent from the reign of Henry II to that of Edward I.

Economy

The rugged moorland edge of the southern Pennines at Kinder Downfall
Derbyshire is a mixture of a rural economy in the west, with a former coal mining economy in the northeast (Bolsover district), the Erewash Valley around Ilkeston and in the south around Swadlincote. The landscape varies from typical arable country in the flat lands to the south of Derby, to the hill farming of the high gritstone moorlands of the southern Pennines, which effectively begin to the north of the city. This topology and geology has had a fundamental effect on Derbyshire's development throughout its history. In addition it is rich in natural resources like lead, iron, coalmarker, and limestone. The limestone outcrops in the central area led to the establishment of large quarries to supply the industries of the surrounding towns with lime for building and steel making, and latterly in the 20th century cement manufacture. The industrial revolution also increased demand for building stone and in the late 19th & early 20th century the railways arrival led to a large number of stone quarries to exploit the natural resources of the area. This industry has left its mark on the countryside but is still a major industry a lot of the stone is supplied as crushed stone for road building and concrete manufacture and is moved by rail. The Limestone areas of central Derbyshire were found to contain veins of lead ore and these were mined from roman times.

Its remoteness in the late 18th century and an abundance of fast-flowing streams led to a proliferation of water power at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, following the mills pioneered by Richard Arkwright. For this reason, amongst others, Derbyshire has been said to be the home of the Industrial Revolution, and part of the Derwent Valleymarker has been given World Heritage status.

Nationally famous companies in Derbyshire are Thorntons just south of Alfreton and JCB subsidiary JCB-Power Systems have an engine factory in South Derbyshire. Ashbourne Water used to be bottled in Buxton by Nestlé Waters UK until 2006 and Buxton Water still is. Other major employers in the county, especially around the Derby area, are Rolls-Royce plc, Egg Banking plc and Toyota.

Politics

Derbyshire has a three-tier local government since the local government reorganisation in 1974. It has a county council based in Matlockmarker and eight district councils and since 1998, a unitary authority of Derbymarker. Derby remains part of Derbyshire only for ceremonial purposes.

Derbyshire has become smaller during government re-organisation over the years. For example, many suburbs of Sheffield that were parts of the county such as Mosboroughmarker, Totleymarker and Doremarker were lost to South Yorkshiremarker in the late 1960s. Marple Bridgemarker was transferred to the Metropolitan Borough of Stockportmarker in Greater Manchester. However Derbyshire gained part of the Longdendalemarker valley and Tintwistlemarker from Cheshire in 1974.

At the third tier are the parish councils, which do not cover all areas. The eight district councils in Derbyshire and the unitary authority of Derby are shown in the map to the right.

These district councils are responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. Education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning are the responsibility of the County Council.

The county is divided into ten constituencies for the election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commonsmarker. As of November 2007, the constituencies ofAmber Valleymarker, Bolsovermarker, Derby Northmarker, Derby Southmarker, Erewashmarker, High Peakmarker, North East Derbyshiremarker and South Derbyshiremarker elected Labour MPs, while Chesterfieldmarker elected a Liberal Democrat MP and West Derbyshiremarker elected a Conservative MP. Derbyshire residents are part of the electorate for the East Midlands constituency for elections to the European Parliamentmarker.

Education

One of many Victorian village schools in Derbyshire
For a list of individual schools see   :Category:Schools in Derbyshire

The Derbyshire school system is comprehensive with no selective schools. There is selection by average house price in some areas.

Settlements

This is a list of the towns in Derbyshire.

Sport

Football

The county has two football teams currently playing in the Football League:-

There are also many non-league teams playing throughout the county, most notably Alfreton Town F.C. who play in the Conference North. The county is also now home to the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F.C. who have their home ground at Dronfieldmarker in North East Derbyshire.

The most successful team is Derby County, who were one of the founding members of the Football League and have played professionally since then. In the 1945-46 season they won the FA Cup and they were champions of the Football League First Division in 1971-72 and 1974-75. On the back of their championship season of 1972-73 they reached the semifinal of the European Cup. This was their highest placing in a major European tournament. More recently they have been relegated to the Football League Championship after finishing last in the Premier League with only one win all season.

Chesterfield F.C are the fourth oldest club in the country but have been less successful over their 141 years of existence than the larger Derby County. They are currently in League Two after having being promoted in 2001 despite being fined nine points for financial irregularities. Their highest position is fourth in the second division at the end of the 1946-47 season. The team's most notable achievement of recent years occurred in 1997, when they reached the semi-final of the FA Cup, losing to Middlesbrough in a replay following a 3-3 draw at Old Traffordmarker.

Cricket

Derbyshire also has a cricket team based at the County Cricket Groundmarker. Derbyshire County Cricket Club currently play in Division two of the County Championship. There are also rugby league clubs based in Chesterfield, the Chesterfield Spires, and in Derby (Derby City RLFC).

Recreational sports

The county is a popular area for a variety of recreational sports such as rock climbing, hill walking, mountaineering, sailing on its many reservoirs, and cycling along the many miles of disused rail tracks that have been turned into cycle trails, such as the Monsal Trailmarker and High Peak Trail.

Local attractions

The scenic Derbyshire that attracts tourists
The county of Derbyshire has many attractions for both tourists and local people. The county offers spectacular Peak Districtmarker scenery such as Mam Tormarker, Kinder Scoutmarker, and other more metropolitan attractions such as Bakewellmarker, Buxtonmarker, and Derbymarker. Local places of interest include Bolsover Castlemarker, Castletonmarker, Chatsworth Housemarker, Crich Tramway Museummarker, Peak Railmarker steam railway, Midland Railway steam railway, Dovedalemarker, Haddon Hallmarker, Heights of Abrahammarker and Matlock Bathmarker.

In the north of the county, three large reservoirs, Howdenmarker, Derwentmarker and Ladybowermarker, were built during the early part of the 20th century to supply the rapidly growing populations of Sheffieldmarker, Derbymarker and Leicestermarker with drinking water. The land around these is now extensively used for leisure pursuits like walking and cycling, as the surrounding catchment area of moorland is protected from development, as part of the Peak District National Parkmarker.

There are many properties and lands in the care of the National Trust, located in Derbyshire that are open to the public, such as Calke Abbeymarker, Hardwick Hallmarker, High Peak Estatemarker, Ilam Parkmarker, Kedleston Hallmarker, Longshaw Estatemarker near Hathersagemarker, and Sudbury Hallmarker on the Staffordshire border.

County emblems

Flag of Derbyshire
As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the Jacob's Ladder as the county flower.

In September 2006, an unofficial county flag was introduced, largely on the initiative of BBC Radio Derby. The flag consists of a St. George cross encompassing a golden Tudor Rose, which is a historical symbol of the county. The blue field represents the many waters of the county, its rivers and reservoirs, while the cross is green to mark the great areas of countryside.

Demographics

Derbyshire Compared
UK Census 2001 Derby Derbyshire East Midlands England
Total population 221,708 734,585 4,172,174 49,138,831
Foreign born (outside Europe) 6.7% 1.4% 4.5% 6.9%
White 87.5% 98.5% 93.5% 91.0%
Asian 8.4% 0.5% 4.1% 4.6%
Black 1.8% 0.2% 1.0% 2.3%
Christian 67.4% 77.0% 72.0% 71.7%
Muslim 4.5% 0.2% 1.7% 3.1%
Hindu 0.6% 0.1% 1.6% 1.1%
No religion 15.9% 14.7% 16.0% 14.6%
Over 65 16.1% 16.7% 16.1% 16.0%
Unemployed 4.0% 3.2% 3.3% 3.3%


In 1801 the poulation was 147,481 According to the UK Census 2001 there were 956,301 people spread out over the county's 254,615 hectares. This was estimated to have risen to 990,400 in 2006.

The county's population grew by 3.0% from 1991 to 2001 which is around 21,100 people. This figure is higher than the national average of 2.65% however it is lower than the East Midlands average of 4.0%. The county as a whole has an average population density of 2.9 people per hectare making it less densely populated than England as a whole. The density varies considerably throughout the county with the lowest being in the region of Derbyshire Dalesmarker at 0.88, and highest outside of the main cities in the region of Erewashmarker which has 10.04 people per hectare.
Population since 1801
Year 1801 1851 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Derbyshirenon-metropolitan county 132,786 223,414 465,896 542,697 565,826 590,470 613,301 637,645 651,284 666,013 687,404 717,935 734,585
Derbyunitary authority 14,695 48,506 118,469 132,188 142,824 154,316 167,321 181,423 199,578 219,558 214,424 225,296 221,716
Totalas a ceremonial county 147,481 271,920 584,365 674,885 708,650 744,786 780,622 819,068 850,862 885,571 901,828 943,231 956,301


In literature and popular culture

In Jane Austen's novel Pride and Prejudice the country home of Fitzwilliam Darcy, Pemberley, is in Derbyshire.

The events of the play Arcadia, by Tom Stoppard, take place in the fictional country house of Sidley Park in Derbyshire.

Alfretonmarker is mentioned in the novel Sons and Lovers by D. H. Lawrence, when a character gets a train to Alfreton and walks to Crichmarker to see a lover.

George Eliot's novel Adam Bede is set in a fictional town based on Wirksworthmarker.

See also



References

Further reading



External links




Embed code:






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message