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The Deutsche Eishockey Liga (German Ice Hockey League, shortname DEL) is a Germanmarker professional ice hockey league, which currently has the highest number of American and Canadian players outside of North America. It was formed as a replacement for the Ice hockey Bundesliga and is also known as DEL - Die 1. Bundesliga.

Rules & Regulations

The DEL is an independently run league, fully owned and operated by its 16 member teams. Each team must to fulfill the DEL's basic requirements to remain in the league:
  • A written application for membership;
  • "On ice qualification" (championship in the 2nd Bundesliga);
  • A stadium that meets DEL standards;
  • Financial qualification;
  • Formation of an ordinary company (the DEL consists of franchises);
  • Development program for young players; and
  • Purchase of a license (currently, the licensing fee is set at € 800,000.00)


The DEL can only admit one 2nd Bundesliga team per season to the league, unless the league strength falls below fourteen, in which case two clubs can be admitted. Since the 2006-07 season, no DEL team can be automatically relegated, a team can only lose its league status through non-compliance with the leagues regulations (see above).

From the 2008-09 season, each DEL club will only be allowed to have ten non-EEC players under contract. Currently, the number is set at twelve.

The ESBG guarantees to admit any DEL team wishing to step down to the lower 2nd Bundesliga or Oberliga. The team, however, has to purchase a license (licensing fees for the 2nd Bundesliga are currently set at € 100,000.00).

To regulate the relationship between the DEL, the DEB and the ESBG (2nd Bundesliga), a so called Kooperationsvertrag exists. This cooperation contract was signed in December 2005., and is valid until 2011. This contract ended years of dispute between the three organizations over competencies and financial issues.

Policy Changes

In November 2007, the DEL announced another change in policy. The league expanded to allow 16 teams beginning in the 2008-09 season, resulting in direct promotion for the 2nd Bundesliga league champions, should they fulfill all requirements and be interested in joining the DEL. Should this not be the case, or a current DEL team resigns from the league, a selection process would determine the club, or clubs, who would be eligible to join in order required to archive 16 teams.

Additionally, a new format for the game schedule will limit the number of regular season games to 52 for each team. This is achieved by each team playing four games against eleven others and two games against the remaining four. To determine which teams play which, the final standings of the previous season are used.

The DEL will also reintroduce promotion once more. The teams placed 15th and 16th will play a best-of-seven series to determine which team faces the 2nd Bundesliga champion for a place in the league. There is, however, an ongoing dispute about those games as second division teams may only have five foreign players on contract, and therefore face a handicap in comparison to the DEL teams with twelve import players each. . For now, the ESBG has declared that no team from the 2nd Bundesliga would take part in these matches and therefore no promotion/relegation with the DEL will take place.

League champions

The Ice hockey Bundesliga (English:Federal Ice Hockey League) was formed in 1957 as the elite hockey competition in the Federal Republic of Germany, replacing the Oberliga in this position. From the 1994-95 season, it was in turn replaced by the DEL, which now also carries the name 1st Bundesliga in its logo. Unlike the old Bundesliga, the DEL is not under the administration of the DEB.

In women's ice hockey, the Bundesliga is still the highest league, divided into a northern and a southern division.

Bundesliga champions

>
Season Club
1957-58 EV Füssen
1958-59 EV Füssen
1959-60 SC Riessersee
1960-61 EV Füssen
1961-62 EC Bad Tölz
1962-63 EV Füssen
1963-64 EV Füssen
1964-65 EV Füssen
1965-66 EC Bad Tölz
1966-67 Düsseldorfer EG
1967-68 EV Füssen
1968-69 EV Füssen
1969-70 EV Landshut
1970-71 EV Füssen
1971-72 Düsseldorfer EG
1972-73 EV Füssen
1973-74 Berliner Schlittschuhclub
1974-75 Düsseldorfer EG
1975-76 Berliner Schlittschuhclub
Season Club
1976-77 Kölner EC
1977-78 SC Riessersee
1978-79 Kölner EC
1979-80 Mannheimer ERC
1980-81 SC Riessersee
1981-82 SB Rosenheim
1982-83 EV Landshut
1983-84 Kölner EC
1984-85 SB Rosenheim
1985-86 Kölner EC
1986-87 Kölner EC
1987-88 Kölner EC
1988-89 SB Rosenheim
1989-90 Düsseldorfer EG
German reunification
1990-91 Düsseldorfer EG
1991-92 Düsseldorfer EG
1992-93 Düsseldorfer EG
1993-94 EC Hedos München
  • Until 1990, the Bundesliga covered only West Germanymarker. After the reunification of the country, East Germanmarker clubs took part in the competition too.
  • For champions of Germany previous to the Bundesliga and East German champions, see here


DEL-Champions

Season Club
1994-95 Kölner Haie
1995-96 Düsseldorfer EG
1996-97 Adler Mannheim
1997-98 Adler Mannheim
1998-99 Adler Mannheim
1999-2000 München Barons
2000-01 Adler Mannheim
2001-02 Kölner Haie
2002-03 Krefeld Pinguine
2003-04 Frankfurt Lions
2004-05 Eisbären Berlin
2005-06 Eisbären Berlin
2006-07 Adler Mannheim
2007-08 Eisbären Berlin
2008-09 Eisbären Berlin


Deutsche Eishockey Liga

History

Establishment

The DEL was founded in the 1994-95 season, made up of teams from the ice hockey Bundesliga's 1st and 2nd division. The condition of this earlier leagues had become intolerable: many of the 1st and 2nd division teams were heavily in debt, while the 2nd division attracted few sponsors and spectators; thus many clubs were forced to fold or withdraw to the lower leagues. For this reason, in the last Bundesliga season 1993-94, only 11 teams wanted to play in the 2nd Bundesliga. Furthermore, two teams folded during the season and after season's end.

The goal behind the DEL was to create a league, based on the model of the North American NHL, in which the teams could play consistently without relegation concerns and create a stable league. The constant mismanagement of clubs in the old Bundesliga had tarnished ice hockeys reputation in Germany and made it difficult to attract serious sponsorship. The clubs in the DEL from now on formed their own, financial independent, companies, based largely on a franchise system. Clubs were required to have financial guaranties.

1994-95: Season One

The first season 1994-95 started with 18 teams, twelve from the old 1st Bundesliga, six from the 2nd Bundesliga.

In the main round the 18 teams played a home-and-away schedule and, in regional groups, a second single round. After this, the play-off round of the last sixteen in the mode best of seven took place . The semi-finals and final were played in the mode best of five. The hope to be able to avoid the troubles of the old Bundesliga by stricter financial controls did not materialise in the first season. EC Hedos München, the Bundesliga's last champion, now renamed Mad Dogs Munich, folded on 18 December 1994.

Founding members of the league

From the Bundesliga:

From the 2nd Bundesliga:

Current Teams

Team City Arena Capacity
Augsburger Panther Augsburgmarker, Bavariamarker Curt Frenzel Stadiummarker 7,774

Eisbären Berlin (Berlin Polar Bears) Berlinmarker O2 Worldmarker 14,200
DEG Metro Stars Düsseldorfmarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker ISS Domemarker 13,400
Frankfurt Lions Frankfurtmarker, Hessemarker Eissporthalle Frankfurtmarker 6,946
Hamburg Freezers Hamburgmarker Color Line Arenamarker 12,947
Hannover Scorpions Hanovermarker, Lower Saxonymarker TUI Arenamarker 10,767
ERC Ingolstadt Ingolstadtmarker, Bavariamarker Saturn Arenamarker 4,815
Iserlohn Roosters Iserlohnmarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker Eissporthalle Iserlohnmarker 4,999
Kassel Huskies Kasselmarker, Hessemarker Eissporthalle Kasselmarker 6,100
Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks) Cologne, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker Lanxess Arenamarker 18,500
Krefeld Pinguine (Krefeld Penguins) Krefeldmarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker König Palastmarker 8,109
Adler Mannheim (Mannheim Eagles) Mannheimmarker, Baden-Württembergmarker SAP Arenamarker 13.600
Thomas Sabo Ice Tigers Nurembergmarker, Bavariamarker Nuremberg Arenamarker 8,400
Straubing Tigers Straubingmarker, Bavariamarker Eisstadion am Pulverturmmarker 6,000
EHC Wolfsburg Grizzly Adams Wolfsburgmarker, Lower Saxonymarker Eisarena Wolfsburgmarker 4,660


Placings in the DEL 1995 to 2009

Club 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Nürnberg/Sinupret Ice Tigers 12 11 15 12 1 10 5 4 5 2 3 4 3 1 5
Eisbären Berlin 17 17 4 1 2 13 13 7 1 1 2 1 9 2 1
Kölner Haie 6 1 2 3 5 1 2 6 2 4 4 5 5 3 15
Frankfurt Lions 10 8 12 2 4 7 10 11 13 5 1 9 8 4 9
Iserlohn Roosters * 15 12 9 12 11 11 11 5 11
Manheimer Adler 3 6 1 4 3 5 1 2 4 6 6 10 1 6 4
Hamburg Freezers * 8 3 8 6 7 7 8
Hannover Scorpions 14 7 11 9 7 10 10 13 12 7 6 8 2
Düsseldorfer EG 5 3 9 5 11 9 3 8 10 3 2 9 3
Ingolstadt Panther 12 7 5 2 4 10 12
Krefeld Pinguine 4 7 8 11 7 3 9 3 6 10 9 8 10 11 6
Augsburger Panther 13 12 11 13 8 8 14 8 11 9 7 12 13 12 10
EHC Wolfsburg 13 13 7
Straubing Tigers 12 14 13
EV Duisburg 14 14 15 16
Kassel Huskies 7 9 3 10 9 4 4 5 7 11 14 13 14
Freiburg Wölfe 14
Schwenninger Wild Wings 9 5 10 9 10 11 12 16 14
Revier Löwen Oberhausen 14 14 14 6 13
Moskitos Essen 15 16 14
BSC Preussen Berlin Capitals 1 2 5 8 13 6 8 15
München Barons * 2 3 1
Star Bulls Rosenheim * 8 13 6 15 12 12
Landshut Cannibals * 2 4 7 6 6
Ratinger Löwen 16 10 16
ESV Kaufbeuren 11 15 13
SC Riessersee 14
Hannover Indians 14 16
Lausitzer Füchse 15 18
Mad Dogs München * 18
Colour Result
Gold Champion
Silver Finalist
Green Semi finalist
Blue 1st round
Purple Preliminary round
White not qualified for play-offs


  • In 1995, the Mad Dogs München folded during the regular season.
  • In 1999, the Landshut Cannibals sold their DEL licence to the München Barons.
  • In 2002, the München Barons relocated to become the Hamburg Freezers.
  • In 2001, the Star Bulls Rosenheim sold their DEL licence to the Iserlohn Roosters.
  • In the 1995 and 1996 season, 16 clubs were qualified for the play offs.
  • In the 1998 season, 14 clubs were qualified for the play offs.
  • In the 2007 and 2008 seasons, 10 clubs were qualified for the play offs.


Former Teams

(1994-95 - 2005-06)

External links



See also



References



Sources




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