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Dibba Al-Hisn is an enclave of the emirate of Al-Sharjahmarker, one of the seven of the United Arab Emiratesmarker. It is bordered by the Gulf of Omanmarker from the East, Dibba Al-Baya from the North, and Dibba Al-Fujairah from the South. It is also geographically part of the Dibbamarker region. It is the smallest in size among the other Dibbas. It is mostly known for the its fish market and the ancient fortress, where it got its name from. Also known for its high density population relative to the other Dibbas.

History

Pre-Islam Period

  • Dibba Al-Hisn has been an important site of maritime trade and settlement since the pre-Islamic era. Although there is slight information, mainly from tombs, of settlement during the later 2nd millennium and early first millennium BC, contemporary with such sites as Shimalmarker, Tell Abraq and Rumeilah, and of scattered occupation during the period of al-Dur and Mileiha, it is in the period just prior to and after the coming of Islam that it is heard most about Dibba. Under the Sasanians and their Omani clients the Al-Julanda, an important market existed at Dibba. Dibba was sometimes the capital of Oman. According to Ibn Habib, 'merchants from Sindhmarker, India, China, people of the East and West came to it'.


Islamic Period

  • (632 -633 AD) Soon after the death of Prophet Muhammad, a rebellion broke out at Dibba and a faction of the Azd, led by Laqit bin Malik, nicknamed "Thu at-Taj ذو التاج" means "The Crowned", rejected Islam by refusing to pay the Zakat; the Islamic principle of giving a percentage of one's income to charity. Since Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam, those have committed an act of Ridda (apostasy), according to Islamic brlirfs. Laqit was killed by an envoy of the caliph Abu Bakr, in accordance to one tradition, in what may have been a relatively small struggle, while other sources, including Al-Tabari, say that at least 10,000 rebels were killed in one of the biggest battles of the Ridda wars (حروب الردة). The plain behind the Omani part of Dibba, Dibba Al-Baya, still contains a large cemetery which, according to local tradition, represents the fallen apostates of Dibba (Al-Murtaddeen المرتدين).




Colonial Period

Portuguese occupation (1624 - 1648 AD)

Dibba Al-Hisn believed to be the site where the Portuguese during the Iberian Union built a fort and a wall around the city.[759884] In August 1648, the Arabs besieged Muscat, Omanmarker and on October 31, 1648 a treaty was signed between the two opponents. The terms were as follows: the Portuguese should build the fortress of Kuriyat, Dibba Al-Hisn and Matrahmarker(Oman). [759885]

Modern History

List of Rulers of Dibba

  • Under a Hakim
  • Sheikh Ahmad ibn Sultan al-Qasimi (1871 - 1883).
  • Sheikh Rashid ibn Ahmad al-Qasimi (1883-1937) with:
    • Sheikh Khalid II ibn Ahmad al-Qasimi (1903-1924)
    • Sheikh Ahmad ibn Rashid al-Qasimi (1937-1951)
  • reincorporated into Sharjah


Fishing traps in the old port in Dibba Al-Hisn


This timeline states events related to Dibbamarker of UAE; Dibba Al-Fujairah and Dibba Al-Hisn.








  • June 9th, 1975: The Ministry of Communication in a memorandum asked the Supereme Council of the Federation for the authority to supervise transportation, the control of air space in all airports and all agreements made with airline companies in all the emirates. The Council of Ministers approved the construction of the highway between Dibba Al-Fujairah and Masafimarker at a cost of AED 94.5 Million.
  • July 23rd, 1976: Sheikh Zayed visited Fujairahmarker. He also inspected the new Dibba Al-Fujairah - Khor Fakkanmarker highway project; the E99 road. and visited Falaj Al-Muallamarker village.
  • January 19th, 1977: The Federal Council of Misnitrs approved a number of projects costing AED 56 million including water distribution in Ajmanmarker and Dibba.
  • January 10th, 1978: Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi opened the wharf at Dibba Al-Hisn which can accommodate 80 fishing boats. Part of the port will be used as ships berths






Sports



Dibba Al-Hisn Sports Club Main Entrance


Education

Universities

A branch of the Community College of the University of Sharjah[759886] is available in Dibba Al-Hisn.

Public schools

Alkhalidya Secondary School[759887]

Transportation

  • Dibba Al-Hisn can be accessed from one road through UAE and two roads from Musandammarker (Oman).
  • No airports are available in Dibba Al-Hisn due to its small size. There is an airstrip in Dibba Al-Baya for transportation to Musandam.
  • Taxi service is available. There is a provision for metered taxi service to be provided from the Emirate of Sharjah.


Tribes



  • Al Dhooryeen
  • Al Mughanni




  • Al Tunaiji
  • Bin Ghazeyean
  • Bin Hamid
  • Bin Jabir
  • Bin Jemooh
  • Bin Jomai
  • Bin Rashidoah
  • Bin Shikrallah
  • Bin Sobaia'an
  • Bin Taha
  • Bin Tameem


References

  1. United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective By Ibrahim Abed, Peter Hellyer. ISBN 1900724472, 9781900724470
  2. Chronicle of Progress: 25 Years of Development in the United Arab Emirates By Ibrahim Abed, Paula Casey-Vine, Abdullah Al Jabali. ISBN 1900724030, 9781900724036



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